Qin Dynasty & Han Dynasty Ms. Berry Social Studies 6th Grade
After the Zhou Dynasty… • Qin Dynasty • 221 B.C. to 206 B.C. (15 years)
The First Emperor… • Ruler was Qin Shi Huangdi • #1: • first emperor of the Qin Dynasty; • became a King at age 13 • ruled using ideas of legalism • united China and extended borders, • began building the Great Wall
Government • As the first emperor he rejected ideas of Confucius and adopted the ideas of Legalism • #2: Legalism • strict laws and use of bureaucracy set up by Shi Huangdi, people who obey are rewarded and those who do not obey are punished.
Cruel and Unusual Punishments • Shi Huangdi banned books that taught other ideas so he ordered books to be burned. • Those that disobeyed him or got in the way were killed…tossed into pits and buried alive
United China • #3: Standardization- • to make all things of a certain type alike, such as coins, writing, and weights; made trade and communication easier • This helped to unite the empire. • Ordered that only people in the army could carry weapons • Created provinces, similar to states in the US • Appointed his own government officials to run provinces. • Established a system of taxes
The End… • Many people feared Shi Huangdiand this fear kept them from rebelling • After his death, his son took over but he was a weak ruler • Civil war broke out • The Han King defeated the Qin and took power.
Shi Huangdi’s Legacy • #5: thousands of clay sculptures of solidersfound underground near the tomb of Shi Huangdi http://video.nationalgeographic.com/video/places/countries-places/china/china-terra-cotta-warriors-eorg/
The Han Dynasty • 206 B.C. to 220 A.D. – more than 200 years • #6: Han Gaozu • founder of the Han Dynasty, was a peasant, real name was Liu Bang, used both Confucianism and Legalism to rule
Changes in the Government… • #7: Civil Service • created by emperor Wu Di; is part of a bureaucracy that oversees the day to day business of running a government, jobs were earned by doing well on tests so positions were open to all classes.
Daoism • #8: • A philosophy that teaches that the key to happiness is accepting life as it is, developed into a religion • Yin • Yang http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QNSCgQDYke4
The Great Wall of China • #9: • a wall built to keep out invaders from the north; extended during each dynasty http://www.history.com/videos/seven-wonders-the-great-wall#building-the-great-wall
The Silk Road • #10: • A land trade route established during the Han dynasty that linked China with the West; could be dangerous • Not made of silk and not really a road • Caravans of traders • Also had water routes http://www.history.com/shows/mankind-the-story-of-all-of-us/videos/mankind-the-story-of-all-of-us-the-silk-road