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A poem begins as a lump in the throat, a sense of wrong, a homesickness, a lovesickness… It finds the thought and the th PowerPoint Presentation
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A poem begins as a lump in the throat, a sense of wrong, a homesickness, a lovesickness… It finds the thought and the thought finds the words.”. What is Poetry??.

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A poem begins as a lump in the throat, a sense of wrong, a homesickness, a lovesickness… It finds the thought and the th


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A poem begins as a lump in the throat, a sense of wrong, a homesickness, a lovesickness… It finds the thought and the thought finds the words.”

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Poetry is the language of the imagination, of feelings, of emotional self-expression, of high art. The basic unit of the poem is the line, which may be long, short (even a single word), it may rhyme with other lines, it may repeat other lines, and several lines may be organized into a stanza.

The simplest description of poetry by English poet Samuel Taylor Coleridge is “the best words in the best order.”

Paul Roche says that poetry is like a stained-glass window- it lets the light shine through, but exists for its own beauty.

narrative poetry
NARRATIVE POETRY
  • These are old very old poems.
  • These are lengthy stories in verse that were originally intended to be recited to audiences.
  • EX. The piped piper of Hamelin, The song of Hiawatha, The Odyssey etc.
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HAIKU- Originates from Japan, consists of 17 syllables divided into 3 lines. Expresses nature and our relationship with nature.

CINQUIN- This is a 5 line stanza of medieval origin. The 5 lines should contain 2,4,6,8, and 2 syllables, respectively.

SONNET- Very old form of poetry, having gained prominence during the Renaissance. Contains 14 lines, each line with 5 iambic feet ( or 10 syllables).

LYRIC

CONCRETE POETRY- The words of the poem are arranged so that they form a pictorial representation of the poem’s subject.

LIMERICK- This is a 5 line humorous poem, the 1st, 2nd and 5th lines rhyming and the 3rd and 4th rhyming.

FREE VERSE- popularized in the 20th century. Adheres to no predetermined rules. Good free verse usually establishes its own intricate patterns of rhyme and rhythm.

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IMAGERY

FIGURATIVE IMAGES

Describing one thing by comparing it to something else that we are more familiar with

LITERAL IMAGES

Describing something by appealing to one or more of our sensory faculties

Visual images

consists of things we can see

Simile

comparison, employing a connective such as, ‘like’ or ‘as’

Tactile images

Appeals to our sense of touch

Metaphor

implied comparison-one not directly stated with words such as ‘like’ and ‘as’

Auditory images

Suggests the sound of things

Olfactory images

Suggest he smell of things

Personification

Occurs when a poet gives human qualities to an inanimate object, an abstract idea or a forced nature

Gustatory images

Suggests the taste of things

Kinesthetic images

Refers to action or motion

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SOUND PATTERNS

RHYTHM

RHYME

  • Patterns of stressed and unstressed syllables in languages.
  • Its present in nature, the tides, the orbiting planets and the rhythmical pattern of birth, growth, decline, death and rebirth revealed to us through the changing seasons.
  • Rhythm is inseparable from poetry.
  • Rhythmical patterns in a poem is called a meter and the smallest unit of rhythmical pattern is a foot.
  • Repetition of similar sounds in two or more words.
  • End rhyme is the most widely recognized in poetry, it occurs when the last words of two or more lines repeat the same sounds.