Metaphysical Poetry The Flea By John Donne Metaphysical Poetry- Definition(1)
By John Donne
By John Donne
->born in Bread Street in 1572 to a prosperous Roman Catholic family
->1593 his brother, Henry died of a fever in prison after arrested for giving sanctuary to a proscribed catholic priest. Donne began to have doubts in his faith.
-> 1601 secretly married Lady Egerton’s niece, seventeen-year-old Anne More, daughter of Sir George More
->1611 Donne was invited and joined Sir Robert Drury to the continental trip. It was then Donne composed several of his most prominent poems. “A Valediction: Forbidden Mouring”
->1617 Donne’s wife died. Within 16 years, she gave him 12 children.
->1631 Donne died of serious illness.
Donne’s work were famous for the themes if his faith in God and women. Though not writing with conventional glamorous style of verse like the Petrachan style, Donne successfully and beautifully connect the time and space in his poems with extraordinary images. Donne’s usage of diction and language in composing his work is considered revolutionary of his time. His style is regarded as “metaphysical” in the modern study of poem.
“The Flea” is a poem about class distinction, marriage and struggle between religion conception and physical needs.
Please Welcome Joey! To give reading to this Poem (Applause!)
你儂我儂 元 管道昇
「 你 儂 我 儂 ， 忒 煞 情 多 ；
情 多 處 ， 熱 如 火 ；
把 一 塊 泥 ， 捻 一 個 你 ， 塑 一 個 我 ，
將 咱 兩 個 一 齊 打 破 ，
用 水 調 和 ； 再 捻 一 個 你 ， 再 塑 一 個我 。
我 泥 中 有 你 ， 你 泥 中 有 我 。
我 與 你 生 同 一 個 衾 ， 死 同 一 個 槨 。 」
Please enjoy listening to this song:
你儂我儂 sung by 包娜娜
The rhyme scheme in each stanza is similarly regular, in couplets, with the final line rhyming with the final couplet: AABBCCDDD.
Three stanzas in total which are also three ideas in progress.
The stress pattern in each of the nine-line stanzas is 454545455
This poem alternates metrically between lines in iambic tetrameter and lines in iambic pentameter.
The whole poem is rhyming withㄛ rhyme.
The whole poem is full of passion.Comparison- Structure
In the Flea, author divided his idea into three parts which are also the processes of the whole poem. The flea that sucked---the death of the flea---the turning thought about the poet.
There is only one stanza. No obvious processes but strong passion. There seems to be no conflicts in the poem. The idea of never changing until death is what differs from The Flea. The passion of mingling is much stronger than The Flea.Comparison- Techniques
Tiffany Lee –intro