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The Silent Disease Chlamydia. Done by: Janell Siek Leong Keat Mun Lieu Whai Peng Ng Jia Yi. Content Page. Prevalence Transmission Symptoms Diagnosis Treatment Complications Protections and Prevention Acknowledgements. Prevalence.

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the silent disease chlamydia

The Silent DiseaseChlamydia

Done by: Janell Siek

Leong Keat Mun

Lieu Whai Peng

Ng Jia Yi

content page
Content Page
  • Prevalence
  • Transmission
  • Symptoms
  • Diagnosis
  • Treatment
  • Complications
  • Protections and Prevention
  • Acknowledgements
prevalence
Prevalence
  • Caused by parasitic bacterium, Chlamydia trachomatis
  • Most common STD in the US
  • About 4 million new cases reported each year in the US
transmission
Transmission
  • Commonly through vagina, oral, or anal intercourse
  • Occasionally from hand to mucus membranes of the eye
  • Found in throats of people having oral sex with infected people
  • Mother to her unborn baby
symptoms
Symptoms
  • Up to ¾ of women and ¼ of men exhibit no symptoms
  • Appear 7-21 days after infections
  • Bladder infection
  • Frequent, burning urination
  • Abdominal pain
  • Nausea & Fever
  • Painful intercourse
symptoms cont d
Symptoms Cont’d
  • Abnormal genital discharge (mucus or pus)
  • Itching at the genital area
  • Pain or swelling in the male’s testicles
  • Lower back pain
  • “Pink eye”
diagnosis
Diagnosis
  • Laboratory tests where doctor looks out for the bacteria from a sample of mucus from vagina or penis
  • Urine test
treatment
Treatment
  • Oral antibiotics
    • a single dose of azithromycin
    • a week of doxycycline (twice daily)
complications
Complications
  • Chronic urinary tract infection
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
  • Infertility
  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • Arthritis
  • Cause “pink eye” and early infant pneumonia, possible blindness and ear infection in newborns
complications pid
Complications- PID
  • Serious infection of the woman’s reproductive organs
  • Occurs without immediate treatment of STDs
  • Can be treated with antibiotics in early stages
  • May display no symptoms but damages still occur
  • Abdominal pain, tenderness, nausea, vomiting, chills, fever and vaginal discharge and bleeding.
protections
Protections
  • Latex male condoms (after abstinence)
  • Don’t have multiple sex partners
  • Sexually active should go regular check-ups
  • Test each time whenever there’s a change in sex partner
prevention from spreading
Prevention from spreading
  • Stop having sex when genital symptoms occur
  • Notify your sex partner if you are diagnosed with Chlamydia
  • Abstain from sex till treatment for Chlamydia is completed
acknowledgments
Acknowledgments
  • http://www.cdc.gov/std/Chlamydia/STDFact-Chlamydia.htm#treatment
  • Women’s health for Dummies
  • Polar Bear Biology book
  • Biology Concepts & Connections (5th edition)
  • Prentice Hall Biology by Miller Levine
  • Sex by Tamara L. Roleff
  • Need to know Sexually Transmitted Diseases by Sean Connolly
  • SexSmart 501 reasons to hold off on sex by Susan Browning Progany