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Sources

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  1. Sources

  2. Homer • Iliad • Odyssey • “Homeric Hymns” • “Epic cycle” • Oral poetry • Central role • 7th c. BCE (first written poetry)

  3. Hesiod • Works and Days • Theogony • Farming life • Conventional creation? • 7th century BCE

  4. Athenian • Individual Interpretations • 5th c. BCE Playwrights • Aeschylus • Sophocles • Euripides

  5. Apollodorus • Library • Many versions • Became “standard” for many lesser-known myths • Source for knowing earlier sources • 100’s CE

  6. Pausanias • Travel writer • c. 150 CE • Attention to local cults and customs, present and past • Descriptions of art

  7. Ovid • Metamorphoses • Roman • Early 1st c. CE • Writes of stories not of his culture • Writes for an educated audience

  8. Art Art sometimes presents variations of myth that don’t exist elsewhere Or confirms popular knowledge of stories from written sources Or shows how stories were important in civic or personal ways Shows overall impact rather than narrative – a different way of understanding myth