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Symbolic Levels of Communication. 4 Levels of Communication. Awareness Pre-symbolic Early Symbolic Symbolic. Awareness Level. Students at the awareness level may have no clear response and no clear intent or objective in communication.

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Presentation Transcript
4 levels of communication
4 Levels of Communication
  • Awareness
  • Pre-symbolic
  • Early Symbolic
  • Symbolic
awareness level
Awareness Level
  • Students at the awareness level may have no clear response and no clear intent or objective in communication.
  • They communicate pleasure, displeasure and state of being by such means as:
    • Postural shifting
    • Limb movements
    • Head movements
    • Facial expressions
    • Vocalization

Adapted from Browder, Wakeman, and Flowers, AERA Presentation, 2007.

awareness level4
Awareness Level

When teaching students at the awareness level:

  • Respond to communicative attempts as if they were intentional (Use shaping to build intentional communication.)
  • Give opportunities to respond before prompting
  • Use real objects when possible
  • Expose them to symbols and words
  • Teach broad access skills
  • Model, Model, Model, and Model
sample objectives awareness level
Sample Objectives –Awareness Level
  • Given multiple daily opportunities, Javiar will use a one location voice output device to respond to two questions in one functional and one academic group activity for 3 of 4 probe checks each 9 weeks.
  • After listening to a story 10 times for 10 different purposes, Gillian will use eye gaze to select one object from an array of two to represent the main idea for 2 of 3 stories each 9 weeks.
pre symbolic level
Pre-symbolic Level
  • Students at the pre-symbolic level demonstrate purposeful, intentional communication but do not yet use symbolic communication.
  • They communicate by such means as:
    • gestures
    • eye gaze
    • purposeful moving to object
    • Sounds

Adapted from Browder, Wakeman, and Flowers, AERA Presentation, 2007.

sample objectives pre symbolic level
Sample Objectives – Pre-symbolic Level
  • Given direct instruction and multiple practice opportunities, Paul will use eye gaze to select from an array of 3 objects to respond to questions during a group literacy activity with at least 3 responses daily for 3 of 4 probe checks in a 9 week period.
  • Given multiple practice opportunities, Quintan will use personal gestures to interact with peers and adults by indicating choices with at least 4 interactions daily for 3 of 4 probe checks in a 9 week period.
sample objectives pre symbolic level8
Sample Objectives – Pre-symbolic Level
  • After listening to a story adapted with symbols and a repeated line 5 times for 5 different purposes, Omar will use his AAC device to read the word/line given an expectant pause cue for 3 of 4 stories each 9 weeks.
  • Given two familiar items, Tyrik will use tactile symbols cards for “equal” and “not equal” to identify items as same/not same with 75% accuracy on 3 of 4 probe checks each 9 weeks.
early symbolic level
Early Symbolic Level
  • Students at the early symbolic are beginning to use symbols for communication with limited vocabulary.
  • They communicate by such means as:
    • Objects
    • Tactile symbols
    • Digital photographs
    • Picture icons

Adapted from Browder, Wakeman, and Flowers, AERA Presentation, 2007.

sample objectives early symbolic level
Sample Objectives – Early Symbolic Level
  • Darius will use tactile symbols to interact or comment socially during group or life skills activities or social settings with at least 3 daily interactions for 3 of 4 probe checks in a 9 week period.
  • Given picture icons, Millicent will follow a 3 step routine for one academic task and one functional task with at least one routine completed daily for 3 of 4 probe checks in a 9 week period.
sample objectives early symbolic level11
Sample Objectives – Early Symbolic Level
  • Given digital photos of 4 tasks/leisure choices, Robbie will place a card with the number one to indicate which he would like to do first on 5 of 6 probe checks in a 9 week period.
  • Regina will use picture symbols for push, pull, move left, move right, and stop to indicate which way her wheelchair is being moved for 4 out of 5 trials on 3 of 4 probe checks each 9 weeks.

Adapted from Courtade-Little, G. & Browder, D. Aligning IEPs to Academic Standards, 2005.

symbolic level
Symbolic Level
  • Students at the symbolic level speak or have a vocabulary of signs, pictures to communicate.
  • They communicate by such means as:
    • Speech
    • ASL
    • Dynamic Display Devices with an extensive

vocabulary

Adapted from Browder, Wakeman, and Flowers, AERA Presentation, 2007.

sample objectives symbolic level
Sample Objectives – Symbolic Level
  • Given multiple practice opportunities, Juanita will use ASL to initiate, participate, or comment during life skills, social, or academic activities 3 times daily for 3 of 4 probe checks in a 9 week period.
  • Given multiple practice opportunities, Kendall will use up to 4 digital pictures to retell a story or personal event in sequence one opportunity daily for 3 of 4 probe checks in a 9 week period.
sample objectives symbolic level14
Sample Objectives – Symbolic Level
  • After selecting from an array of 3 writing topics including personally significant events or familiar routines, Johnny will use picture communication symbols and the words first, next, and last to tell a story in sequential order 2 times weekly each 9 weeks.
  • After counting two sets of up to 10 objects, Kyle will use picture communication symbols to indicate if the sets are equal or not equal for 4 of 5 sets on 3 of 4 probe checks in a 9 week period.