Chapter 9 “Part 1 - Development”. The gap is widening between the rich ( MDCs ) and poor ( LDCs ). A Country’s wealth is visible: … … … … A rich country has its wealth spread throughout most of its population.
“Part 1 - Development”
Helps measure - Income poverty. How far your money will go?
Developed by the United Nations, the HDI combines several measures of development: life expectancy at birth, adjusted GDP per capita, and knowledge (schooling and literacy).
The further you are from the value ‘one’ the wider the gap between rich and poor is another way to look at HPI.
The GEM combines two measures of economic power and two of political power by women. (Little data are available for LDCs.)
The GDI combines four measures of development, reduced by the degree of disparity between males and females.
Percentage employment in the primary, secondary, and tertiary sectors of MDCs has changed dramatically, but change has been slower in LDCs.
4. Consumer Goods: cars, telephones, etc
Social Indicators to Development:
1. Education and Literacy:
2. Health and Welfare:
Demographic Indicators of Development:
1. Life Expectancy:
2. Infant Mortality Rate:
3. Birth and Death Rate and Natural Increase Rate:
Value Added: gross value of a product minus the cost of raw materials and energy (the cost to make it).
The natural increase rate (NIR) is the percentage growth or decline in the population of a country per year (not including net migration). Countries in Africa and Southwest Asia have the highest current rates, while Russia and some European countries have negative rates.
The crude birth rate (CBR) is the total number of births in a country per 1,000 population per year. The lowest rates are in Europe, and the highest rates are in Africa and several Asian countries.
The crude death rate (CDR) is the total number of deaths in a country per 1,000 population per year. Because wealthy countries are in a late stage of the demographic transition, they often have a higher CDR than poorer countries.
The less developed regions include Latin America, Sub-Saharan Africa, Middle East, South Asia, East Asia, and Southeast Asia.
Maslow's Level of Human Needs:
Love & Acceptance