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T-909: Preparing for Emergencies in Texas. How to Prepare Yourselves and Your Communities for Emergencies: P repare = P rotect = P revent + M itigate. Introduction. This course is a combination of two FEMA online Independent Study Courses:
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How to Prepare Yourselves and Your Communities for Emergencies:
This course is a combination of two FEMA online Independent Study Courses:
The goal of today’s course is for participants to be take this training to their homes and communities, and be able to raise awareness of the importance of Citizen and Community Readiness. This training is for you, but it’s also for you carry to others.
Upon completing this course, participants will be able to:
Identify the emergencies that could occur in their homes, neighborhoods and communities
Recognize the importance of family disaster planning
Develop a family disaster plan and supplies kit
Recognize special planning issues and integrate them into their plans
Identify steps for their families to take before, during, and after disaster strikes
Demonstrate understanding of the need for and types of emergency communications
Build individual and community support networks
Develop transportation and sheltering plans
Understand the basics of long-term recovery planning
Know how to (and how not to) volunteer to help before, during and after an emergency
Helps Reduce fear and anxiety
Helps Reduce the impact of disasters
Communities, families, and individuals know what to do to survive and recover
FEMA Region VI
31 Jan 2000 to Jan 28 2011
Every day incidents
Once a year
County or Jurisdiction?
Fire/Wildfire Flood Hurricane
Tornado Earthquake Winter Storm
Pandemic Drought Crop Failure
Extreme Temperatures Tsunami
HazMat Incident Structural Failure
Industrial Accident Radiological Incident
Terrorist Incident Criminal Act
Knowing the protective measures for specific hazards
Recognizing warning systems and signals
Evacuating from a disaster area
Incorporating community, school, and other plans
Identifying escape routes
National Emergency Alert System (EAS)
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Weather Radio
Local Warning Sirens
Local Reverse 911
Is it time to hunker down, or run like the wind?
Returning Home: Is it still there, where you left it? Structural/water damage?
Aiding the injured and/or displaced
Health issues – sanitation, stress
Special needs of children after disaster
First Aid Supplies:
Supplies Home (√) Vehicle (√) Work (√)
Adhesive bandages, various sizes
5” x 9” sterile dressing
Conforming roller gauze bandage
3” x 3” sterile gauze pads
4” x 4” sterile gauze pads
Roll 3” cohesive bandage
Germicidal hand wipes or waterless, alcohol-
based hand sanitizer
Pairs large, medical grade,
Tongue depressor blades
Adhesive tape, 2” width
Scissors (small, personal)
Assorted sizes of safety pins
Tube of petroleum jelly or other
CPR breathing barrier, such as a face shield
First Aid Manual
Prescription & Non-Prescription Medical Supplies:
Aspirin and non-aspirin pain reliever
Antacid (for stomach upset)
Extra eyeglasses/contact lenses
Sanitation and Hygiene Supplies:
Washcloth and towel Heavy-duty plastic garbage bags and ties
for personal sanitation uses and toilet
Towelettes, soap, hand sanitizer Medium-sized plastic bucket with tight
Tooth paste, toothbrushes
Disinfectant and household chlorine
Shampoo, comb, and brush A small shovel for digging a latrine
Deodorants, sunscreen Toilet paper
Razor, shaving cream
Lip balm, insect repellent
Contact lens solutions
Portable, battery-powered radio or TV and extra batteries
NOAA Weather Radio, if appropriate for your area
Flashlight and extra batteries
Matches in a waterproof container (or waterproof matches)
Shut-off wrench, pliers, shovel, & other tools
Duct tape and scissors
Small canister, ABC-type fire extinguisher
Paper, pens, and pencils
Needles and thread
Battery-operated travel alarm clock
Manual can opener
Mess kits or paper cups, plates, and
Household liquid bleach to treat
Sugar, salt, pepper
Aluminum foil and plastic wrap
Resealable plastic bags
Small cooking stove and a can
of cooking fuel (if food must be
Games • Cards
Books • Toys for Children
Food & Water:
Water (1-2 Gallons/day/person)
Ready-to-eat meats, fruits, & vegetables
Canned or boxed juices, milk, & soup
High-energy foods such as peanut butter, jelly, low-sodium crackers, granola bars, and trail mix
Special foods for infants or persons on special diets
Cookies, hard candy
Clothing & Bedding Supplies:
Complete change of clothes
Sturdy shoes or boots
Hat and gloves
Blankets/sleeping bags and pillows
Documents & Keys:
Food & water for (X) people for 3-7 days
Radio, Flashlight, extra batteries
First Aid Kit – prescription & non-prescription
Hygiene Items – Toilet paper, toothbrush, etc.
Clothes & Bedding
Safety items – Matches, Whistle,
Kitchen Items – Knife, Can Opener, etc.
Documents, keys, credit & ID cards
Special Needs Items – pet supplies, comfort items
Handout One – Family Disaster Plan Template
Handout Two – Disaster Supplies Checklist
Individual Citizen activities for prevention and Mitigation
Evacuation Route Planning
Planning for longer-term recovery
Although in this segment we are talking about different aspects of community preparedness, here again, we expect the audience to be the “average citizen,” not first responders or emergency management professionals. However, local volunteer organizations who are not routinely active in disasters may also benefit significantly from this training.
Do communities respond only to emergencies within their own borders?
Handouts You Can Use:
Home Safe Home
• Simple Safety Measures: Handout
Safeguarding Your Valuables
• Protecting Valuables: Checklist Handout
• Protecting Valuables: Tips Handout
Pet/Service Animal Preparedness
• Protecting Pets and Service Animals: Handout
Rx for Readiness
• “Stay Healthy” Kit: Handout
• Germ Busters Activities
Going Off Grid: Utility Outages
• Outage Checklist: Handout
Coming Home After a Disaster
• Who Does What? Handout
• Recovery Action Plan: Handout
Preparedness: The Whole Community
• The Whole Community: Handout
Handouts You Can Use:
Preparedness on a Shoestring
• Family Disaster Kit: Handout
Where Is Everybody?
• Plan to Stay in Touch: Handout
Who Can You Count on? Who Counts on You?
• Establishing a Support Network: Handout
Easy Out: Getting to Safety
• Evacuation Checklist: Handout
Storm Safe: Sheltering in Place
• Safe Havens: Handout
• Mark the Safe Spots: Handout
• Shelter Together: Activities
Disaster Plan Dress Rehearsal
• Dealing With the Disaster Deck: Handout
Hunting Home Hazards
• Home Hazard Hunt: Handout
• Chemical Emergencies: Handout
An Ounce of Fire Prevention
• Fire Prevention Guidelines: Handout
• Activities: Getting Fired Up for Prevention
Putting Out Fires
• Fire Basics: Handout
• Fire Extinguishers: Handout
• Fire Safety Rules: Handout
Community preparedness is a key priority in lessening the impact of disasters. It is critical that all community members take steps to prepare in advance of an event.
Effective community preparedness occurs at all levels including:
Government has the responsibility to:
• Develop, test, and refine emergency operations plans.
• Ensure emergency responders have adequate skills and resources, and provide services to protect and assist their citizens.
• Involve the community in the planning process.
• Provide reliable, actionable information.
• Encourage training, practicing, and volunteer programs.
Government emergency service providers include:
• Emergency Management: Prepares for & coordinates response & recovery to disasters.
• Law Enforcement: Maintains law and order.
• Fire and Rescue: Protects life and property.
• Emergency Medical Services: Provides preventative and emergency medical services.
• Public Works: Maintains & repairs infrastructure such as roads, bridges, water, sewage, utilities, etc.
• Human Services: Provides food, shelter, and counseling following a disaster.
Private-Sector and Nongovernmental Organizations have a responsibility to participate in community preparedness.
The private sector is a key partner in incident management activities at all levels. The private sector:
Is responsible for most of the critical infrastructure (i.e., telephone services, banking) in the Nation and thus may require assistance in the wake of a disaster or emergency.
Provides goods and services critical to the response and recovery process, either on a paid basis or through donations.
Nongovernmental and voluntary organizations are essential partners in responding to incidents. Nongovernmental and voluntary organizations assist in providing:
Sheltering, emergency food supplies, counseling services, & other vital services to support response & promote the recovery of disaster victims.
Specialized services that help individuals with special needs, including those with disabilities.
Individuals and households play an important role in the overall emergency management strategy by:
Reducing hazards in and around their homes.
Preparing an emergency supply kit and household
Monitoring emergency communications carefully.
Volunteering with an established organization.
Enrolling in emergency response training courses
All members of the community should:
Learn about community alerts and warnings, evacuation routes, and how to get critical information.
Take training in preparedness, first aid, and response skills.
Practice skills and personal plans through periodic drills in multiple settings.
Network and be able to help others.
Participate in community feedback opportunities.
Report suspicious activity.
Engaging the Whole Community
Citizen Corps is the grassroots movement to strengthen
community safety and preparedness through increased
engagement of all sectors of the community. Citizen Corps is administered by the Federal Emergency Management Agency, but implemented locally. The goal of Citizen Corps is to make communities safer, more prepared, and more resilient when incidents occur.
Citizen Corps Councils bring government and community leaders together to ensure emergency plans more effectively reflect the community.
The goals of the Councils are to:
Tailor activities to reach all sectors of the community.
Identify and build on existing strengths.
Increase collaboration between government and community.
Expand integration of community resources into plans and protocols.
Encourage personal/organizational preparedness through outreach, training, and exercises.
Promote volunteer opportunities for ongoing community safety and surge capacity in disasters.
Preparedness requires active participation from all.
Start the process by talking to your friends and family about the hazards in your area and what steps you all need to take to be able to help each other in a crisis – large or small.
Ask about emergency planning at your workplace, your schools, your place of worship, and other social settings.
Make sure government officials have a plan and are connected to community authorities on emergency management and planning.
Consider volunteer opportunities to get your
community better prepared for any emergency,
ESF #1 Transportation
ESF #2 Communications
ESF #3 Public Works and Engineering
ESF #4 Firefighting
ESF #5 Emergency Management
ESF #6 Mass Care, Emergency Assistance, Housing, and Human Services
ESF #7 Logistics Management and Resource Support
ESF #8 Public Health and Medical Services
ESF #9 Search and Rescue
ESF #10 Oil and Hazardous Materials Response
ESF #11 Agriculture and Natural Resources
ESF #12 Energy
ESF #13 Public Safety and Security
ESF #14 Long-Term Community Recovery
ESF #15 External Affairs
You can volunteer your….
www.ready.gov: A one-stop shop for emergency information
Thunderstorms & Lightning, Winter Storms & Extreme Cold, Extreme Heat, Earthquakes, Landslides, Pandemic, Blackouts, HazMat Incidents, Home Fires, Household Chemical Emergencies, Nuclear Power Plants, Explosions, Chemical and Biological Threats, Nuclear Blasts, Radiological Dispersion Devices
Warning Systems, Shelters, Community Plans, Evacuation, Recovery, Workplace Plans, School Emergency Plans