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T-909: Preparing for Emergencies in Texas. How to Prepare Yourselves and Your Communities for Emergencies: P repare = P rotect = P revent + M itigate. Introduction. This course is a combination of two FEMA online Independent Study Courses:

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how to prepare yourselves and your communities for emergencies p repare p rotect p revent m itigate

T-909: Preparing for Emergencies in Texas

How to Prepare Yourselves and Your Communities for Emergencies:

Prepare =

Protect =

Prevent +



This course is a combination of two FEMA online Independent Study Courses:

  • IS-22: Are You Ready? An In-depth Guide to Citizen Preparedness
  • IS-909: Community Preparedness: Simple Activities for Everyone

The goal of today’s course is for participants to be take this training to their homes and communities, and be able to raise awareness of the importance of Citizen and Community Readiness. This training is for you, but it’s also for you carry to others.

course objectives
Course Objectives

Upon completing this course, participants will be able to:

Identify the emergencies that could occur in their homes, neighborhoods and communities

Recognize the importance of family disaster planning

Develop a family disaster plan and supplies kit

Recognize special planning issues and integrate them into their plans

Identify steps for their families to take before, during, and after disaster strikes

course objectives 2
Course Objectives (2)

Demonstrate understanding of the need for and types of emergency communications

Build individual and community support networks

Develop transportation and sheltering plans

Understand the basics of long-term recovery planning

Know how to (and how not to) volunteer to help before, during and after an emergency

benefits of being prepared
Benefits of Being Prepared

Helps Reduce fear and anxiety

Helps Reduce the impact of disasters

Communities, families, and individuals know what to do to survive and recover


Presidential Disaster Declarations

FEMA Region VI

31 Jan 2000 to Jan 28 2011

what are the risks
What are the risks?


Every day incidents

Once a year


Once a





Of little






what could happen in your
What could happen in your….

Think about:



Potential Impact






County or Jurisdiction?

Larger vicinity?

During travel?

types of hazards
Types of Hazards

Natural Hazards

Fire/Wildfire Flood Hurricane

Tornado Earthquake Winter Storm

Pandemic Drought Crop Failure

Extreme Temperatures Tsunami

Technological Hazards

HazMat Incident Structural Failure

Industrial Accident Radiological Incident

Intentional Threats

Terrorist Incident Criminal Act

building a family disaster plan 1
Building a Family Disaster Plan (1)

Knowing the protective measures for specific hazards

Recognizing warning systems and signals

Evacuating from a disaster area

Incorporating community, school, and other plans

Identifying escape routes

building a family disaster plan 2
Building a Family Disaster Plan (2)
  • Completing a family communications plan
  • Shutting off utilities
  • Obtaining appropriate insurance
  • Preparing for special needs
  • Caring for animals
  • Learning safety skills
whaz happnin warning systems
“Whaz Happnin?” - Warning Systems

National Emergency Alert System (EAS)

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Weather Radio

Local Warning Sirens

Local Reverse 911


Is it time to hunker down, or run like the wind?


Returning Home: Is it still there, where you left it? Structural/water damage?

Aiding the injured and/or displaced

Health issues – sanitation, stress

Safety issues

Special needs of children after disaster

disaster supplies kit
Disaster Supplies Kit
  • What supplies do you need at home? At your workplace? In your car?
  • Supplies checklists:
    • First Aid Supplies
    • Prescription & Non-Prescription Medicines
    • Sanitation & Hygiene Supplies
    • Tools/Equipment (Tools, Kitchen Items, Comfort Items)
    • Food & Water
    • Clothes & Bedding
    • Documents & Keys
disaster supplies checklists home vehicle work 1 of 6
Disaster Supplies Checklists: Home/Vehicle/Work (1 of 6)

First Aid Supplies:

Supplies Home (√) Vehicle (√) Work (√)

Adhesive bandages, various sizes

5” x 9” sterile dressing

Conforming roller gauze bandage

Triangular bandages

3” x 3” sterile gauze pads

4” x 4” sterile gauze pads

Roll 3” cohesive bandage

Germicidal hand wipes or waterless, alcohol-

based hand sanitizer

Antiseptic wipes

Pairs large, medical grade,

non-latex gloves

Tongue depressor blades

Adhesive tape, 2” width

Antibacterial ointment

Cold pack

Scissors (small, personal)


Assorted sizes of safety pins

Cotton balls


Tube of petroleum jelly or other



CPR breathing barrier, such as a face shield

First Aid Manual

disaster supplies checklists home vehicle work 2 of 6
Disaster Supplies Checklists: Home/Vehicle/Work (2 of 6)

Prescription & Non-Prescription Medical Supplies:

Aspirin and non-aspirin pain reliever

Anti-diarrhea medication

Antacid (for stomach upset)




Extra eyeglasses/contact lenses

disaster supplies checklists home vehicle work 3 of 6
Disaster Supplies Checklists: Home/Vehicle/Work (3 of 6)

Sanitation and Hygiene Supplies:

Washcloth and towel Heavy-duty plastic garbage bags and ties

for personal sanitation uses and toilet


Towelettes, soap, hand sanitizer Medium-sized plastic bucket with tight


Tooth paste, toothbrushes

Disinfectant and household chlorine


Shampoo, comb, and brush A small shovel for digging a latrine

Deodorants, sunscreen Toilet paper

Razor, shaving cream

Lip balm, insect repellent

Contact lens solutions


Feminine supplies

disaster supplies checklists home vehicle work 4 of 6
Disaster Supplies Checklists: Home/Vehicle/Work (4 of 6)


Portable, battery-powered radio or TV and extra batteries

NOAA Weather Radio, if appropriate for your area

Flashlight and extra batteries

Signal flare

Matches in a waterproof container (or waterproof matches)

Shut-off wrench, pliers, shovel, & other tools

Duct tape and scissors

Plastic sheeting


Small canister, ABC-type fire extinguisher

Tube tent


Work gloves

Paper, pens, and pencils

Needles and thread

Battery-operated travel alarm clock

Kitchen Items:

Manual can opener

Mess kits or paper cups, plates, and

plastic utensils

All-purpose knife

Household liquid bleach to treat

drinking water

Sugar, salt, pepper

Aluminum foil and plastic wrap

Resealable plastic bags

Small cooking stove and a can

of cooking fuel (if food must be


Comfort Items:

Games • Cards

Books • Toys for Children

Snack Foods

disaster supplies checklists home vehicle work 5 of 6
Disaster Supplies Checklists: Home/Vehicle/Work (5 of 6)

Food & Water:

Water (1-2 Gallons/day/person)

Ready-to-eat meats, fruits, & vegetables

Canned or boxed juices, milk, & soup

High-energy foods such as peanut butter, jelly, low-sodium crackers, granola bars, and trail mix


Special foods for infants or persons on special diets

Cookies, hard candy

Instant coffee


Powdered milk

Clothing & Bedding Supplies:

Complete change of clothes

Sturdy shoes or boots

Rain gear

Hat and gloves

Extra socks

Extra underwear

Thermal underwear


Blankets/sleeping bags and pillows

disaster supplies checklists home vehicle work 6 of 6
Disaster Supplies Checklists: Home/Vehicle/Work (6 of 6)

Documents & Keys:

  • Personal identification
  • Cash and coins
  • Credit cards
  • Extra set of house & car keys
  • Copies of the following:
    • Birth certificate
    • Marriage certificate
    • Driver’s license
    • Social Security cards
    • Passports
    • Wills
    • Deeds
    • Inventory of household goods
    • Insurance papers
    • Immunization records
    • Bank and credit card account numbers
    • Stocks and bonds
  • Emergency contact list and phone numbers
  • Map of the area & phone numbers of places you could go
basic disaster supplies kit
Basic Disaster Supplies Kit

Food & water for (X) people for 3-7 days

Radio, Flashlight, extra batteries

First Aid Kit – prescription & non-prescription

Hygiene Items – Toilet paper, toothbrush, etc.

Clothes & Bedding

Safety items – Matches, Whistle,

Kitchen Items – Knife, Can Opener, etc.

Documents, keys, credit & ID cards


Special Needs Items – pet supplies, comfort items

activities for citizens
Activities for Citizens

Handout One – Family Disaster Plan Template

Handout Two – Disaster Supplies Checklist

Individual Citizen activities for prevention and Mitigation

Evacuation Route Planning

Planning for longer-term recovery

community emergency preparedness
Community Emergency Preparedness

Although in this segment we are talking about different aspects of community preparedness, here again, we expect the audience to be the “average citizen,” not first responders or emergency management professionals. However, local volunteer organizations who are not routinely active in disasters may also benefit significantly from this training.

emergencies in our community who responds
Emergencies in our Community: Who Responds?
  • Governmental Organizations
    • Local police, county sheriff, local DPS troopers
    • Local professional and volunteer fire-fighters
    • Local and county public works personnel
  • Commercial and Private Organizations
    • Local EMS and medical personnel
    • Local grocery and hardware stores
    • Commercial organizations who maintain emergency supplies, equipment and trained personnel
emergencies in our community who responds 2
Emergencies in our Community: Who Responds? (2)
  • Non-profit and Faith-based Organizations
    • Food Banks
    • Churches
    • Service Organizations
  • Volunteers
    • Organization-affiliated volunteers
    • Unaffiliated volunteers

Do communities respond only to emergencies within their own borders?

preparedness activities is 909 1 of 2
Preparedness Activities (IS-909, 1 of 2)

Handouts You Can Use:

Home Safe Home

• Simple Safety Measures: Handout

Safeguarding Your Valuables

• Protecting Valuables: Checklist Handout

• Protecting Valuables: Tips Handout

Pet/Service Animal Preparedness

• Protecting Pets and Service Animals: Handout

Rx for Readiness

• “Stay Healthy” Kit: Handout

• Germ Busters Activities

Going Off Grid: Utility Outages

• Outage Checklist: Handout

Coming Home After a Disaster

• Who Does What? Handout

• Recovery Action Plan: Handout

Preparedness: The Whole Community

• The Whole Community: Handout

preparedness activities is 909 2 of 2
Preparedness Activities (IS-909, 2 of 2)

Handouts You Can Use:

Preparedness on a Shoestring

• Family Disaster Kit: Handout

Where Is Everybody?

• Plan to Stay in Touch: Handout

Who Can You Count on? Who Counts on You?

• Establishing a Support Network: Handout

Easy Out: Getting to Safety

• Evacuation Checklist: Handout

Storm Safe: Sheltering in Place

• Safe Havens: Handout

• Mark the Safe Spots: Handout

• Shelter Together: Activities

Disaster Plan Dress Rehearsal

• Dealing With the Disaster Deck: Handout

Hunting Home Hazards

• Home Hazard Hunt: Handout

• Chemical Emergencies: Handout

An Ounce of Fire Prevention

• Fire Prevention Guidelines: Handout

• Activities: Getting Fired Up for Prevention

Putting Out Fires

• Fire Basics: Handout

• Fire Extinguishers: Handout

• Fire Safety Rules: Handout

preparedness the whole community
Preparedness: The Whole Community

IS-909 Handout:

Community preparedness is a key priority in lessening the impact of disasters. It is critical that all community members take steps to prepare in advance of an event.

Effective community preparedness occurs at all levels including:

  • Government
  • Public & Private Sectors
  • Neighborhood
  • Individuals and Households
preparedness the whole community 2
Preparedness: The Whole Community (2)


Government has the responsibility to:

• Develop, test, and refine emergency operations plans.

• Ensure emergency responders have adequate skills and resources, and provide services to protect and assist their citizens.

• Involve the community in the planning process.

• Provide reliable, actionable information.

• Encourage training, practicing, and volunteer programs.

Government emergency service providers include:

• Emergency Management: Prepares for & coordinates response & recovery to disasters.

• Law Enforcement: Maintains law and order.

• Fire and Rescue: Protects life and property.

• Emergency Medical Services: Provides preventative and emergency medical services.

• Public Works: Maintains & repairs infrastructure such as roads, bridges, water, sewage, utilities, etc.

• Human Services: Provides food, shelter, and counseling following a disaster.

preparedness the whole community 3
Preparedness: The Whole Community (3)

Private-Sector and Nongovernmental Organizations have a responsibility to participate in community preparedness.

The private sector is a key partner in incident management activities at all levels. The private sector:

Is responsible for most of the critical infrastructure (i.e., telephone services, banking) in the Nation and thus may require assistance in the wake of a disaster or emergency.

Provides goods and services critical to the response and recovery process, either on a paid basis or through donations.

Nongovernmental and voluntary organizations are essential partners in responding to incidents. Nongovernmental and voluntary organizations assist in providing:

Sheltering, emergency food supplies, counseling services, & other vital services to support response & promote the recovery of disaster victims.

Specialized services that help individuals with special needs, including those with disabilities.

preparedness the whole community 4
Preparedness: The Whole Community (4)

Individuals and households play an important role in the overall emergency management strategy by:

Reducing hazards in and around their homes.

Preparing an emergency supply kit and household

emergency plan.

Monitoring emergency communications carefully.

Volunteering with an established organization.

Enrolling in emergency response training courses

All members of the community should:

Learn about community alerts and warnings, evacuation routes, and how to get critical information.

Take training in preparedness, first aid, and response skills.

Practice skills and personal plans through periodic drills in multiple settings.

Network and be able to help others.

Participate in community feedback opportunities.

Report suspicious activity.


preparedness the whole community 5
Preparedness: The Whole Community (5)

Engaging the Whole Community

Citizen Corps is the grassroots movement to strengthen

community safety and preparedness through increased

engagement of all sectors of the community. Citizen Corps is administered by the Federal Emergency Management Agency, but implemented locally. The goal of Citizen Corps is to make communities safer, more prepared, and more resilient when incidents occur.

Citizen Corps Councils bring government and community leaders together to ensure emergency plans more effectively reflect the community.

The goals of the Councils are to:

Tailor activities to reach all sectors of the community.

Identify and build on existing strengths.

Increase collaboration between government and community.

Expand integration of community resources into plans and protocols.

Encourage personal/organizational preparedness through outreach, training, and exercises.

Promote volunteer opportunities for ongoing community safety and surge capacity in disasters.

preparedness the whole community 6
Preparedness: The Whole Community (6)

Get Involved

Preparedness requires active participation from all.

Start the process by talking to your friends and family about the hazards in your area and what steps you all need to take to be able to help each other in a crisis – large or small.

Ask about emergency planning at your workplace, your schools, your place of worship, and other social settings.

Make sure government officials have a plan and are connected to community authorities on emergency management and planning.

preparedness the whole community 7
Preparedness: The Whole Community (7)

Consider volunteer opportunities to get your

community better prepared for any emergency,


  • Become a Community Emergency Response Team (CERT) member. The CERT Program educates people about disaster preparedness for hazards that may affect their area. The program trains team members in basic disaster response skills, such as fire safety, light search and rescue, team organization, and disaster medical operations.
  • Using the training learned in the classroom and during exercises, CERT members can assist others in their neighborhood or workplace following an event when professional responders are not immediately available to help. For more information go to:
  • Volunteer with a nonprofit organization and be trained before the next disaster. There are many organizations and faith-based groups in your community that have active disaster programs and need volunteers. The following groups offer a wide range of services following a disaster:
building community networks
Building Community Networks
  • Local Government Officials – Generally kinda busy during emergencies
  • Local Volunteer and Service Organizations
    • Who does what for whom? How do you get in touch with them? Do you have a contact list?
  • Local Faith-based Organizations – May provide secular services for those not associated with their organization
  • American Red Cross – Are they active in your community?
15 emergency support functions
15 Emergency Support Functions

ESF #1 Transportation

ESF #2 Communications

ESF #3 Public Works and Engineering

ESF #4 Firefighting

ESF #5 Emergency Management

ESF #6 Mass Care, Emergency Assistance, Housing, and Human Services

ESF #7 Logistics Management and Resource Support

ESF #8 Public Health and Medical Services

ESF #9 Search and Rescue

ESF #10 Oil and Hazardous Materials Response

ESF #11 Agriculture and Natural Resources

ESF #12 Energy

ESF #13 Public Safety and Security

ESF #14 Long-Term Community Recovery

ESF #15 External Affairs

long term recovery considerations
Long Term Recovery Considerations
  • Applying for Federal assistance
  • Keeping people informed
  • Mitigation measures
  • Donations Management
  • Partnerships with business and industry
  • Competing interests
  • Environmental issues
  • Public health measures
  • Unmet needs of victims
  • Expensive infrastructure
volunteering to help
Volunteering to Help

You can volunteer your….

  • Time and skills
    • To be effective, join a volunteer organization, train, practice and get certified before the disaster
    • Work to prevent and mitigate risks in your own spaces before an incident occurs
  • Money – In an emergency, cash is king
  • Donations in kind – Requires donations management
further information before during after
Further Information – Before, During, After A one-stop shop for emergency information

  • Hurricanes:
  • Floods:
  • Wildfires:
  • Tornadoes:

Thunderstorms & Lightning, Winter Storms & Extreme Cold, Extreme Heat, Earthquakes, Landslides, Pandemic, Blackouts, HazMat Incidents, Home Fires, Household Chemical Emergencies, Nuclear Power Plants, Explosions, Chemical and Biological Threats, Nuclear Blasts, Radiological Dispersion Devices

Warning Systems, Shelters, Community Plans, Evacuation, Recovery, Workplace Plans, School Emergency Plans