DR. SUDHIR V. SHAH M.D.,D.M. (NEUROLOGY) • Consultant Neurologist - Ahmedabad, INDIA • Director of Neurosciences – Sterling Hospital • Head, Department of Neurology – VSGH, AHD • Hon. Professor of Neurology – K.M.School
SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE OF MEDITATION MEDITATION, ITS TECHNIQUES AND ITS SCIENCE Jaina, New Jersey July, 2007
We exist in two forms : body and mind. • At some stage you realize that peace and happiness is not outside. • The quest for the god. • All great people have done meditation.
What is meditation • Exercise of mind to keep it healthy and clean, as we do for body. • A state of altered consciousness. • Fourth stage of consciousness. • Spiritual ecstasy with neurological manifestation. • Not really a Hallucination
Spirituality Meditation Philosophy Devotion Karmayoga RELIGION Charity Character Morality Rituals
What is meditation? Definitions • Stability of mind • Wavering of mind is stopped • Concentration on one target • Unified thought process • Thoughtlessness • Introspection • Lack of activity • To leave, to give away • Mental aerobics • Intentional self regulation • Dedication • Patanjali • Buddha • Narad
Meditation : advantages • Physical, mental and emotional health. • Cure / control of psychosomatic disorders including high blood pressure, coronary artery disease, DM, asthma, rheumatism etc. • Stress relief. • Spiritual health. • Better concentration and sharpness. • Produces relaxation and reduces reactivity. • Job performance. • Interpersonal relations. • Control of anger and conquering fear.
Meditation : advantages • Brings change of attitude • Inner peace, patience and happiness. • Cultivates and promotes positive emotions and removes negative thoughts. • Control over thought process. • Improved quality of life. • Intuitive knowledge, healing power, magnetic personality and occult powers.
Meditation is an antidote to stress • The neuro chemistry and neuro physiology of meditation is just the reverse of stress. Stress : Over activity of Sympathetic system. • Meditation: Over activity of Parasympathetic system.
Caution • However, it is not a push button system, you need patience. Hence there is a 90 to 95% -drop out rate. You need to have right guide, right method, correct understanding, appropriate place, constant practice, extreme faith and full conviction. • Please do not sleep. • Meditation industry is at height, because of commercialization, so one should be careful.
Meditation is hard work. It demands the highest form of discipline which comes through constant awareness, not only of the things about you outwardly, but also inwardly. - J. Krishnamurti
The Real Purpose Of Meditation • Elimination of Ego • Elimination of Mind
MEDITATION : PHILOSOPHICAL PURPOSE • Philosophical self realization • God realization • Total bliss (total relief of pain) • Total liberation
Meditation techniques • Focus on Breathing • Focus on an object • Focus on a sound • Focus on a thought • Focus on sensual object • Focus on sensory perception • Imagery • Soul meditation
Meditation Practice • Choosing a place and atmosphere • Sitting Posture • Time of meditation • Importance of Consistent Practice • Mental attitude – “bare attention,” or neutral witness • Pure moment-to-moment awareness, or mindfulness Non-judgmental inner listening, equanimity -WARMING UP- • Prayer • Pranayama……… internet connection……... Broadband
Jain Dhyana Preksha Dhyana Vipashyana Patanjal Dhyana Anapan Sati Smriti Upasthan Spand Dhyana Mantra Dhyana Nabhi Dhyana Swapna Dhyana Nidra Dhyana Yoga nidra Nyas Mrutyu Dhyana T.S Meditation Kayotsarga Tratak Suryasamyam Adarshdhyana (mirror) Swaminarayan Dhyana Arup Dhyana Purnayoga Dhyana Atit Dhyana (past) Bhavidhyana (future) Sarpalanchan Dhyana Samarpana Dhyana Tathata Hoo-Dhyana (Dynamic Meditation) Sahaj Dhyana Your own system Meditation : methods
MeditationJaindhyana • Jain religion is Bhavadharma, so meditation is of utmost importance. • Dharmadhyana & shukladhyana… excellent remedy for all types of health. • Several types of meditations. • Samayik & kayotsarga are super meditations. • Preksha, vipashyana, granthibheda • Atmadhyana.
THE ACT WHICH LINKS TO MOKSHA IS YOGA • Samayik :- Samatvabhava - karmanirjara - way to liberation Samata towards living beings : No raga – dwesha Samata towards objects : No moha – shoka • Pratikraman • Samatva followed by meditation & Kayotsagra with six requisites (Shad Avashyak) • Creates blissful state. • Presence of Gurudeva – so you are stress free, guilt free, disease free. This is followed by prayaschita and sadhana • Prayaschitta takes care of past tense •Vishuddhi takes care of present tense •Vishalya takes care of future tense
Atmadhyana • Meditating on the soul is one of the best meditations. • To remain constantly aware of the soul and its characteristics and its functions. To dissociate soul from the body at every moment and the sentinence – the application of knowledge is the ultimate meditation. • Samayam api ma pamayae GOYAMA !
Thought • SPECT studies : Mana, vachana, kaya, Pudgala.
Meditation-Techniques • Prekshadhyana : To see –To observe ( Jain Method-Lord Mahavir) Acharya Tulsiji – Acharya Mahapragyaji - Breathing (Shwas-Preksha) - Thoughts (Vichar-Preksha) - Body (Sharir-Preksha) - Mind (Anupreksha) - Leshyadhyana etc. Prerequisites : Mitahaar, Mitbhashan, Maitri, Pratikriya - Shunyakriya, Bhavkriya Truth, Non-violence, non-stealing, celibacy and non-collectiveness
Meditation-Techniques • Vipashyana : To see –To observe ( Buddha) Goenkaji through mahasi sayado Breathing – control of emotions & perversions Thoughts Body and perception of sensations control of Raga and Dwesha
Vipashyana • Calm and quiet mind • Awake and attentive mind • Equanimous mind
PATANJAL RAJ YOGA • Yama : Nonviolence, truth, non-stealing celibacy and aparigriha (Non-collectiveness) • Niyama : Purity, Penance (Austerity) Satisfaction Spiritual learning Worship & dedication • Asana : • Pranayama : • Pratyaahar : • Dharna : • Dhyana : • Samadhi :
Meditation over an object, place or thought
Basic Instructions for Meditation Anapan Sati • To bring the attention to the breath, but not to control the breathing. It is not pranayama. • Give full attention to the feeling of the breath as it goes in and out. • Dwell in the present, moment by moment, breath by breath. • Observe your mind with moment-to-moment awareness.
Basic Instructions for Meditation • When attention wanders, note it and then gently bring awareness back to the breath. • Why breathing ? Truth, vital, secular, present tense, carrier of mind – Emotions, thoughts, and perversions • Continue to watch the breath, accepting each moment as it is for 1 hour. Not to loose single breath - The power of ‘NOW’ - The concept of VOID • When breathing takes consciousness into each cell, there is a vital dance
Meditation-Techniques • Anapan Sati : Concentration on breathing • Smriti Upasthan : Observation & awareness of thoughts Budhha, Krishnamurti Avoid conflict with mind. The route cause of miseries is thought Study beginning, end, structure & content of thoughts. Study movement of mind and feel separated This will lead to detachment with thoughts. Observer will realize that himself is being observed. • Purnayoga : Maharishi Aurobindo’s method of combination Yoga
Sri Sri Ravishankarji • Sudarshan kriya • Art of living course has changed thousands of lives
SILENCE / CONTEMPLATION In the silence of the heart God speaks Let God fill us, then only we speak. Do small things with great love.
The fruit of silence…..is Prayer The fruit of Prayer….. is Faith The fruit of Faith……..is love The fruit of Love …….is Service - Mother Teresa
The Sound of Om in a Drop of Oil CHANTING MEDITATION To do chanting on mantra, its meaning and vibration
This is a picture showing a healthy hemoglobin cell exposed to a voice singing of the note G '392'. The cell clearly is pulsing with vibrancy and life as it entrains to the frequency of the sound, becoming clearly more alive and healthy. It appears to actually soak up the sound, until it eventually pulses and emits the sound.
Mindfulness Practice • Observing the body and mind intentionallyLetting experiences unfold from moment to moment and accepting them as they are. • Observing thoughts without getting caught up in them.No effort to control anything except the focus and direction of the attention. Not a passive process, yet does not involve trying to get anywhere. • Eating meditation, sitting meditation, working meditation and meditation during each act is the goal of mindfulness practice.
DHYANA YOGA • Perfect relaxation • Observer ship • Non Decisiveness Dynamic Meditation
Transcendental Meditation (TM) • Movement founded by Maharshi Mahesh Yogi of India.
Jain Dhyana Patanjal Dhyana Anapan Sati Smriti Upasthan Vipashyana Preksha Dhyana Spand Dhyana Mantra Dhyana Nabhi Dhyana Swapna Dhyana Nidra Dhyana Yoga nidra Nyas Mrutyu Dhyana T.S Meditation Kayotsarga Tratak Suryasamyam Adarshdhyana (mirror) Swaminarayan Dhyana Arup Dhyana Purnayoga Dhyana Atit Dhyana (past) Bhavidhyana (future) Sarpalanchan Dhyana Samarpana Dhyana Tathata Hoo-Dhyana (Dynamic Meditation) Sahaj Dhyana Your own system Meditation : methods
MEDITATION FOR THE BEGINNERS First Practice Silence of body, speech and learn to get isolated
INTEGRATIVE MODEL TO HEALTH AND HEALING Anatomical & Conceptual Design Related Science Diagnostic Methods Related Medical Healing Rx Our Experience Question • Spirit • Soul • Higher • Consciousness • Self Healing • Prayer • Spiritual Counseling • Religious Affirmation What is Your Goal? • Bliss • Oneness • With God • Religion • Spirituality • Knowing • Awareness 5th SOUL • Dreams • Trance • Meditative State • Quantum • Physics • Hypnotherapy • Labyrinth Garden • Radioing /Magnets • Regression Therapy • Systemic Family • Therapy How are you reacting To current Situation? • Unconsciousness • No Mind • Family • Consciousness • Dream Interpret • Dowsing 4th Intuitive Body • Mind: • Consciousness & • Unconsciousness • (logical) How do you React to your Feelings? • Psychotherapy • Music Therapy • Bio-feedback • Deep Meditation • Guided Imagery • Beliefs • Attitudes • Thoughts • Psychology • Mind-Body • Medicine • Psychological • Testing 3rd Mental Body • Laughter Therapy • Aroma Therapy • Massage • Reiki • Light Meditation • Acupuncture • Nervous System • Meridians • Chakras • Physiology • Functional • Medicine • Kinesiology • Thermogram • EEG/EKG/EMG • Feeling • Emotions What do you Feel? 2nd Electrical Regulation Body • Mechanics • Chemistry • Pathologic/ • Allopathic • Medicine How is illness Affecting your Physical Body? • Structure • Bones, cells • Biochemistry • 5 senses • Movement • Physical Exam • Laboratory Test • Imaging: X-Ray • CT Scan MRI • Drugs • Surgery • Herbs/Vitamins • Physical Medicine • Supplements • Organ Support 1st Physical Body
Medical benefits of meditation Researching the Benefits of on Meditation : • With 7 weeks of meditation, cancer patients decreased their degree of depression, anxiety, anger, confusion, and chest and stomach symptoms by 50% - and felt more vigor. • With 10 weeks of meditation, 2/3’s of chronic pain patients had a 30% reduction in pain, and half had more than a 50% reduction. • With 10 weeks of meditation, chronic pain patients had less pain, less mood disturbances, used less pain medication, and could be more active. The benefits were still present one year later. • Three years after an 8-week meditation instruction, patients with anxiety and panic disorders still showed a benefit. • All patients with fibromyalgia who meditated for 10 weeks improved, and over half showed moderate to marked improvement in pain, fatigue and quality of sleep.
Medical benefits of meditation • Meditation has been found to be quite useful in most of the psychosomatic disorders including asthma, rheumatism, gut problems, blood pressure, diabetes etc. • With 6 weeks of meditation irritable bowel syndrome patients had less flatulance, belching, bloating and diarrhea. • Even though daily fluctuations in cortisol are unchanged, people who meditate don’t have the daily fluctuations in the cortisol-stimulating hormone (ACTH), or beta-endorphins, suggesting a change in feedback sensitivity. • People trained in and performing an imagery-based relaxation prior to injection, had less inflammatory reaction to chili pepper “extract” (capsaicin) injected under the skin. • With 6 months of meditation, athletes had less increase in the CD8+ suppressor T cell response to strenuous physical stress, improving the immune system’s helper to suppressor cell ratio. It also reduces post-traumatic stress.
Medical benefits of meditation • Patients who meditated during ultraviolet light treatment for psoriasis had quicker clearing of their skin disease. • With 6 months of meditating for 20 minutes twice a day, hypertensive African Americans had a decrease in the carotid artery wall thickness. • With 4 years of daily meditation, coronary artery narrowing showed regression rather than progression. • Over a 5 year period, people who meditated had over 50% less doctor’s office visits, and an average of 50% less hospital admissions (including a reduction all 17 major treatment categories such as benign and malignant tumors, heart disease, infectious disease, and nervous system disorders). Only childbirth rates were the unchanged.