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ALABAMA NATIONAL GUARD DRUG DEMAND REDUCTION UNIT BRIEFING. DRUG FREE – STARTS WITH ME! ALNG DRUG DEMAND REDUCTION SMSgt Dave Peterson. The Adjutant General’s Substance Abuse Policy.

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alabama national guard drug demand reduction unit briefing

ALABAMANATIONAL GUARDDRUG DEMAND REDUCTIONUNIT BRIEFING

DRUG FREE – STARTS WITH ME!

ALNG DRUG DEMAND REDUCTION

SMSgt Dave Peterson

the adjutant general s substance abuse policy
The Adjutant General’s Substance Abuse Policy

Substance abuse, alcohol and drugs, is considered serious misconduct and is not compatible with military service.

The Alabama National Guard is firmly committed to eliminating substance abuse by its members.

Random drug testing is an important tool for preventing substance abuse and determining readiness of soldiers and airmen.

drug testing
Drug Testing

Every unit will conduct no less than 4 drug tests per year.

All General Officers, AGR personnel, MPs, Aviation personnel and members that routinely carry a weapon will be mandatorily drug tested once each year.

slide4
CNSS:

(CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM STIMULANTS)

COCAINE, CRACK, METH, ICE, EPHEDRINE, RITALIN, ADDERALL

slide5
HALLUCINOGENS:

ECSTASY, LSD, MUSHROOMS, TOADS, HERBAL ECSTASY

slide6
OPIATES:

OPIUM, MORPHINE, HEROIN, VICODIN, METHADONE, OXYCODONE, OXYCONTIN

slide7
MARIJUANA:

CANNABIS, MARINOL, HASHISH

slide8
ALCOHOL:

BEER, LIQUOR, MOONSHINE

slide9
CNSD:

(CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DEPRESSANTS)

GHB, ROHYPINOL, XANAX, BARBS

slide10
PCP:

PHENCYCLIDINE, KETAMINE

slide11
INHALANTS:

AEROSOLS, SOLVENTS, GASES

slide12

Emerging Trends

  • Spice, K2, Spark, Genie, Yucatan (Synthetic Cannabinoids)
  • Ivory Wave (“Bath Salts” or “Plant Food”)
  • Salvia Divinorum
career crashers
CAREER CRASHERS!

Testing positive for drugs is a sure way to wreck your military career. Consider the facts presented for the following abused drugs and ask yourself,

“Is it worth jeopardizing my future?”

  • Cocaine
  • Methamphetamine
  • Marijuana
  • Prescription Drugs
  • Synthetic Drugs
slide14

COCAINE AND CRACK

Short-lived fantasy high,

long lasting real-life nightmare.

cocaine crack
COCAINE/CRACK

What’s the difference?

Cocaine is the powdered form of the drug, usually sniffed up the nose, but sometimes diluted & injected into a vein.

Crack is made from Cocaine. With other ingredients added to make the rock form.

slide16

SOME OF COCAINE’S EFFECTS

  • Irregular heart rhythm & altered blood pressure.
  • Lost control of bowels and bladder.
  • Heart infection or attack; sudden death.
  • Brain infections, strokes, seizures & coma.
  • Infertility in both sexes; birth defects.
cocaine s effects
Added Danger. Mixing cocaine and alcohol causes a complex chemical interaction within the body.

The human liver combines cocaine and alcohol to manufacture a third substance, cocaethylene, which intensifies cocaine's euphoric effects and increases the possibility sudden death.

COCAINE’S EFFECTS
cocaine crack1
COCAINE/CRACK
  • “It won’t happen to me,” you say?
  • In a recent year over 165,000 emergency room visits were due to cocaine use.
  • In that year, over 4500 users died from cocaine, not including those murdered for using or selling it.
  • Up to 75% of people who try cocaine will become addicted to it. Only 1 out of 4 who try to quit will be able to without help.
slide21

METHAMPHETAMINE

CRYSTAL, CRANK, SPEED, ICE – TROUBLE BY WHATEVER NAME

ephedrine reduction method ogata
Ephedrine Reduction: Method – Ogata”

The most popular method by far

accessibility of chemicals

easy to manufacture

Chemicals needed

Ephedrine or pseudo, red phosphorus, hydriodic acid (iodine crystals), sodium hydroxide, organic solvents (ether, Freon, acetone), and hydrogen chloride gas (sulfuric acid and salt)

ephedrine reduction birch nazi method
Ephedrine Reduction – Birch – Nazi Method

Fastest Growing in popularity

Predominately in the Mid-West

Chemicals Needed

Ephedrine or pseudo, anhydrous ammonia, sodium or lithium metal, sodium hydroxide, organic solvents (ether, camping fuel, acetone), and hydrogen chloride gas (sulfuric acid and salt)

meth use effects
METH USE & EFFECTS

Meth may be smoked, snorted, injected or swallowed.

Users may feel euphoric for awhile, but also become worked up and agitated for up to 12 hours.

Sudden and dramatic mood shifts occur.

Users have become violent and dangerous when “tweaking” on meth.

more meth effects
MORE METH EFFECTS

Ruins abusers’ health.

Causes brain, heart, and kidney damage, among other physical effects.

Quickly ruins a heavy user’s appearance.

Lack of sleep and nutrition and the effects of the toxic chemicals in the drug ruin the complexion, and waste away the body.

Check out this website to SEE the effects! www.facesofmeth.us/main.htm

other meth observations
OTHER METH OBSERVATIONS

Under the influence of meth, users feel "wired" and edgy.

They are often unpredictable, acting friendly and sociable, and then suddenly lashing out in suspicion and violence.

Many users compulsively repeat meaningless tasks for hours or pick at imaginary bugs on their skin until it bleeds.

slide30

MARIJUANA

Would you choose to be on a dangerous mission with a guy that’s stoned?

what is marijuana
WHAT IS MARIJUANA?

Marijuana is a green or gray mixture of dried, shredded leaves, stems, seeds, and flowers of the hemp plant Cannabis Sativa. It has a very distinct, strong, sweet odor when burned.

It is the most commonly used illegal drug.

marijuana in the brain
MARIJUANA IN THE BRAIN

Main active chemical is

Delta-9-THC

(tetra-hydro-cannabinol)

THC affects nerve cells in the hippocampus of the brain, which controls learning and memory.

Senses and motivations are also affected by THC in this part

of the brain.

but it s natural
BUT IT’S NATURAL!

Yes, so is poison ivy –

but you wouldn’t want

to smoke that!

Marijuana’s “natural” smoke contains 3-5 times as much of tobacco’s cancer-causing toxins.

long term effects of using marijuana
LONG-TERM EFFECTS OF USING MARIJUANA

Increased risk of lung or oral cancer.

Weakened immune system.

Damage to the reproductive system and infertility in both sexes (decreased estrogen and sperm count, & menstrual irregularities).

Miscarriage or brain damage to fetuses.

slide35

PRESCRIPTION DRUGS

Legal when used as PRESCRIBED and directed by Physicians.

prescription drugs
PRESCRIPTION DRUGS
  • The nonmedical use or abuse of prescription drugs is a serious and growing public health problem in the U.S.
  • Prescription drugs are legal – but only if you have a prescription for them.
  • Doctors write prescriptions based on health conditions, body size and other factors. Using them without a prescription (or letting someone else use them) is illegal and dangerous.
slide37

All specimens collected for military drug tests will now be tested for prescription drug abuse.

Unit members need to be drug-free to be most effective in accomplishing our missions.

slide38

SYNTHETIC DRUGS SPICE

  • Sold as organic incense
  • Laced w/ “synthetic marijuana” (HU-210, JWH-018)
    • HU-210 is a Schedule 1 controlled substance
    • Both contains psychoactive chemicals
  • Commonly smoked in pipes or cigars
  • Sold thru Internet, local “head shops”, etc
slide41

Ivory Way Effects:

POSITIVE

mental and physical stimulation, euphoria, mood lift, feelings of empathy, openness, increase in sociability, desire to talk with others, pleasurable rushing, sense of being sped up

NEUTRAL

general change in consciousness (as with most psychoactives), decreased appetite, pupil dilation, unusual body sensations (facial flushing, chills, goosebumps, body energy), change in body temperature regulation, sweating , increase in heart rate and blood pressure

NEGATIVE

(likelihood of negative side effects increases with higher doses) strong desire to re-dose, craving to recapture initial euphoric rush, uncomfortable changes in body temperature (sweating/chills), heart palpitations, sense of racing heart, impaired short term memory, insomnia, tightened jaw muscles, grinding teeth, muscle twitching, nystagmus dizziness, light headedness, vertigo, a couple of reports include serious vasoconstriction when insufflated: pain and swelling in nose and throat, sinusitis

slide42

Salvia Divinorum

  • An herb in the mint family
    • A species of sage
      • Used for its psychoactive effects

Green leaves

Dried leaves

Extract

slide43

Effects:

POSITIVE

short duration (when smoked), radical perspective shifting, increase in sensual and aesthetic appreciation

creative dreamlike experience, insight into personal issues

NEUTRAL

powerful closed- and open-eye visuals, general change in consciousness (as with most psychoactive)

altered perceptions, change in body temperature, flushing

sensation of physical push, pressure, or wind, sensation of entering or perceiving other dimensions, alternate realities

feeling of 'presence' or entity contact, dissociation at high doses, walking or standing

NEGATIVE

overly-intense experiences, fear, terror and panic, increased perspiration, possible difficulty integrating experiences

higher doses can cause inability to control muscles and maintain balance: falls are reported.

mild to moderate headache, usually starting after effects wear off