Community Resilience in a Crisis. Anouk Ride & Lionel Dau. Introduction – Resilience in Disaster. GOING GLOBAL TO LOCAL… GLOBAL…This presentation draws on comparative research of sites in five countries experiencing natural disaster
Anouk Ride & Lionel Dau
GOING GLOBAL TO LOCAL…
There’s a way in which you can do this [distribution of relief] that the community feels like yes it has suffered, but it has some level of control and it deserves or it has the right to the help it’s getting, it’s not necessarily charity.
When we went in for a programme on psychosocial support, for example, by that time the community was so used to getting things and going into a very passive mode, you know of being or not really believing that they have any agency or they need to take any action.
Maria, local NGO Director
By the way, the people are not really happy about the relief food. They know. They know that thing is unsustainable. And, again, currently, they have actually changed their perception. You get the women groups, the youth at risk, they feel that, can you give us money, so that we can do something we feel is very important for our lives? Rather than just giving us food. Another saying is, can you change this food into money? Because we can do something. You know, there are some development workers, who believe that relief food is the best assistance we can provide. It is not. Relief food should really be brought in when other food production systems have collapsed. But immediately, once these production systems are actually working, then it should be phased out. We have to link relief and development. Because what- ever you do in relief time, you should actually build into development work. And that link should really be fortified.
Chris, development worker and pastoralist, Kenya
Women were often seen as outside rather than in the cultural context, e.g. meetings were held where women did not speak as men were there, women could not move about aid camps for fears of safety and harassment, women often were busy being the primary carers and providers for other family members so could not participate in decision-making.
Disasters provided opportunities for positive inclusion of women in decision making:
Women sitting and meeting—women-friendly spaces were made for women, village-level organizations were made, they were given the opportunity to participate in reconstruction and rehabilitation work. For example, Saibaan (a local NGO) built this road. In our culture what role would women play in building a road?—but women monitored it, managed things, made the payments with their own hands, selected the labor themselves. And when such an excellent road was built they realized that women could be a great force for them, to develop the family.
Naila, NGO worker and teacher, Pakistan
Interventions are often temporary rather than working with local people to create more lasting change, coordination of agencies and actors is needed in a disaster situation
NGOs have always been temporary people. They come for a day or a week, and then it is all forgotten.
Ereng, “mamma” or local woman active in community activities in Kenya
We find INGOs want to work by themselves. They have their own rules and principles. It is the goal for them to be able to cooperate and collaborate. They can carry out this work for the long term if they can partner with trustworthy local organizations.
Anonymous NGO worker, Myanmar
There were a lot of conflicts, especially when the organizations were giving out supplies. Some people fight. Some people get double share and the people who are more quiet and submissive get nothing. They think just leave it, God will punish them or something like that.
Anonymous business owner, Solomon Islands
We are going to name this drought immediately after its end. We will give this drought a name, so that in the future we will tell the people what happened. So, people are going to be prepared. So, that they do not suffer the way we did during this long spell of drought.
Chiefs (wazee) David and Moses, Kenya
Identity of place and community…
I think you already know about Acehnese. They used to face conflicts. They have a strong mentality to handle challenging situations. We have those capacities. We used to find ways to survive. Anything. We do everything to survive.
Edy, street children worker, Aceh