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CARE GROUPS AND COMMUNITY RESILIENCE . GOAL ETHIOPIA’s EXPERIENCE Hibret Getahun (GOAL Ethiopia Health Coordinator). CHILD SURVIVAL PROGRAM. 4 year grant funded by USAID in Sidama Covered area of 168K population with 1,640 Care Group Volunteers, 891 CHPs, and 60 HEWs

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care groups and community resilience

CARE GROUPS AND COMMUNITY RESILIENCE

GOAL ETHIOPIA’s EXPERIENCE

Hibret Getahun (GOAL Ethiopia Health Coordinator)

child survival program
CHILD SURVIVAL PROGRAM
  • 4 year grant funded by USAID in Sidama
  • Covered area of 168K population with 1,640 Care Group Volunteers, 891 CHPs, and 60 HEWs
  • Approach allowed for good coverage and peer support approach
  • Four key themes in programme: Nutrition (25%), Diarrhea (25%), Malaria (25%) and Maternal/New-born Care (25%)
  • Care Group approach using Designing for Behaviour Change-key component of implementation strategy (all program staff stakeholders trained at outset of grant)
care group approach overview
CARE GROUP APPROACH OVERVIEW
  • Mothers of children < 2 years targeted and members selected by community mothers
  • Unlike other community approaches, this allowed Program to specifically target key program group
  • Meet once per month each mother had 10 HH to support
  • Meetings lasted no more than 2 hours (1st hour discussing previous months work/challenges and then going theme for next month discussed)
  • Volunteer Ethos-HEW also present at meetings and over time took over facilitation in some groups (strengthen link with Health Facility/ sustainability)
final child survival evaluation 2011
FINAL CHILD SURVIVAL EVALUATION 2011
  • Final Evaluation coincided with period of acute food insecurity/drought in Sidama Zone (MoH scaling up emergency nutritional response)
  • In program location evidence of community resilience even during this challenging time;

Some Final Program Results(2011):

  • Percentage of infants and young children age 6-23 months fed according to a minimum of appropriate feeding practices: (25.4% (bl)-57.9% (final))
  • Percentage of children 0-23 months who are underweight (28.1% (bl)-20.2% (final) )
improved community resilience
IMPROVED COMMUNITY RESILIENCE
  • Care Groups had been in place for 2 years
  • Mothers had improved coping strategies during times of drought and strengthened links with Health Post
  • Unexpected Results (during final evaluation): men in the community stated they also valued the Care Groups (their wives kept the homes cleaner, they used FP so less likely to be pregnant and sick all the time!)
  • Scale up: currently regional training on-going in Nairobi on Designing for Behaviour Change (health/Food Security Teams) replicate Care Group Approach
challenges
CHALLENGES
  • Exiting out of Care Groups and ensuring that they continue to function: involving HEW (MoH) useful/Care Group model complements Gov Development Army approach however HEW’s already overburdened
  • Other option support natural community leaders -receive additional training support (sustainability?)
  • Supporting Facilitators (NGO staff, MoH) to facilitate and not lecture: needs continued support to continue this change in approach