Charlie Chaplin16 April 1889 – 25 December 1977 Jakub Šťastný I4.B
Early life • Charles Spencer Chaplin was born on 16 April 1889, in East Street, Walworth, London, England. His parents were both entertainers in the music hall tradition; his father, Charles Spencer Chaplin Sr, was a vocalist and an actor and his mother, Hannah Chaplin, a singer and an actress. They separated before Charlie was three. • As a small child, Chaplin also lived with his mother in various addresses in and around Kennington Road in Lambeth • When he was young he dreamed about film career and when he was older, he realised his dream.
America • Chaplin first toured America with the Fred Karno troupe from 1910 to 1912 • After five months back in England, he returned to the U.S. for a second tour, arriving with the Karno Troupe on 2 October 1912. In the Karno Company was Arthur Stanley Jefferson, who would later become known as Stan Laurel • Chaplin and Laurel shared a room in a boarding house. Stan Laurel returned to England but Chaplin remained in the United States. In late 1913, Chaplin's act with the Karno Troupe was seen by Mack Sennett, Mabel Normand, MintaDurfee, and Fatty Arbuckle. Sennett hired him for his studio, the Keystone Film Company • Itwas a real start of his film career
Chaplin's earliest films were made for Mack Sennett's Keystone Studios, where he developed his tramp character and very quickly learned the art and craft of film making. The public first saw the tramp when Chaplin, age 24, appeared in his second film to be released (7 February 1914), Kid Auto Races at Venice. • Chaplin never spoke more than cursorily in his films, he was a mime • Chaplin's first dialogue picture, The Great Dictator (1940), was an act of defiance against German dictator Adolf Hitler and Nazism, filmed and released in the United States one year before the U.S. abandoned its policy of neutrality to enter World War II.
Death • Chaplin's robust health began to slowly fail in the late 1960s, after the completion of his final film A Countess from Hong Kong, and more rapidly after he received his Academy Award in 1972. By 1977 he had difficulty communicating, and began using a wheelchair. He died in his sleep in Vevey, Switzerland on Christmas Day 1977. • He was interred in Corsier-Sur-Vevey Cemetery, Vaud, Switzerland. • On 1 March 1978, his corpse was stolen by a small group of Swiss mechanics in an attempt to extort money from his family. • The plot failed, the robbers were captured, and the corpse was recovered eleven weeks later near Lake Geneva. His body was reburied under two metres of concrete to prevent further attempts.