Sigmund Freud’s theory of psychosexual development By: Christina, Amanda, Melissa, and Sam
Biography Family: -He is the oldest of eight children. -His father was a wool merchant. -When he was four years old his family moved to Vienna. -His father had a good sense of humor. -His mother was twenty one when she had him.
Biography Education: -He graduated from medical school of the university of Vienna in 1881. -He studied under Jean Martin Charcot in Paris. -He decided to specialize in neurology. -He was always ahead of his class.
Biography Work: -He worked with hysterical patients in Vienna. -He made ideas for treatment of mental Illness. -His most important writing’s were: The Interpretation of dreams, three essays on the theory of sexuality, Totem and Taboo, Introductory lectures on psychoanalysis, The Ego and the Id, and civilization and its Discontents.
Biography Notable Facts: -He was born May 6th, 1856. -He was born in Freiberg in Moravia. -He discovered that he had cancer of the mouth in 1923. -He was Jewish. -During the war he escaped to England with his wife and children. -He passed away from cancer in 1939.
Theory • Freud advanced a theory of personality development that centered on the effects of the sexual pleasure drive on the individual psyche. • At particular points in the developmental process, he claimed a single body part is particularly sensitive to sexual, erotic stimulation. • There are five stages to his theory which include:-The oral stage-The anal stage-The phallic stage-The latency period-The genital stage
The oral stage • Starts from birth until 18 months • The focus of pleasure is the mouth. i.e.: Sucking and teething • When the child is being nursed it gives him the psychological pleasure of being cared for, mothered and held. • Later they are likely to retain a life long desire to bite things, such as: chewing on the ends of pencils or pens, gum and biting nails.
The anal stage • Begins at 18 months • The child’s natural focus of pleasure is the anus and bodily functions. • When the child begins to toilet training. • This stage lasts between one and two years of age.
The Phallic Stage • This stage lasts from three and seven years of age. • The focus of pleasure is the genitalia, masturbation is also common during this period.
The Latency Stage • This stage lasts between five and seven years old until around puberty. • During this stage their earlier focus is repressed. • School, athletics, and same sex friendships is the main focus.
The genital Stage • This stage begins at puberty and continues through their adolescence. • Their energy is once again back to being focused on the genitals • mainly the focus of pleasure is in sexual intercourse.
The Critics • There were a lot of feminist groups that didn’t approve on his views, but there was one in particular named Karen Horney. • Karen Horney thought that he had difficulty incorporating female desire into his theories. • He thought that girls had “male envy” , however Karen Horney thought that girls had “power envy” during the psychosexual development. • The most controversial stage is the Phallic stage. People didn’t agree with his theory on how the children connect with their parents.
What did we think? We agree with Sigmund Freud’s theory of the psychosexual development. Each stage is a good representation of the child’s age and his or her reaction to their development. The oral stage for example, makes sense because that is the age when an infants teeth begin to come in. Sigmund Freud had a lot of different opinions about the development in people, but all of his theories makes perfect sense. Doing this project gave us a different perspective on the human development.
Video • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cvOoYX45G_0
References • http://www.saidaonline.com/en/newsgfx/teenagers-saidaonline.gif • http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/freud.html • http://www.psychotherapy.ro/resources/constructs/psychosexual-development-criticism-of-freuds-theory-of-psychosexual-development/ • http://www.victorianweb.org/science/freud/develop.html