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History of Music in Movies. Silent Movies . Live music, played on organ or piano Reasons for music: Helped hold movie together Added sound effects Covered up projector noise Improvised by performer Early 1900s: cue sheets sent with film 1920s: movies have their own score.

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silent movies
Silent Movies
  • Live music, played on organ or piano
  • Reasons for music:
    • Helped hold movie together
    • Added sound effects
    • Covered up projector noise
  • Improvised by performer
  • Early 1900s: cue sheets sent with film
  • 1920s: movies have their own score
movies with sound
Movies with Sound
  • First “Talkie”

1927: The Jazz Singer starring Al Jolson

  • Early on, music only what happened in story
  • 1930s: technology allows separate sound tape to be added to film strip
the soundtrack
The Soundtrack
  • Studios create music departments
  • Composers borrow from Romantic and Classical periods
  • Low budget films re-use scores (stopped in 1944)
types of scores
Theme Scores:

Basing the film’s music on a main title melody or song

1952: High Noon (Tiomkin)

Pop Scores:

Adding pop or rock music to a film

1955: Blackboard Jungle (Rock Around the Clock)

Types of Scores
types of scores1
Compilation Scores:

Using a combination of pre-existing popular music

1969: Easy Rider

Temp-Tracks:

Using existing Classical/Romantic music with a rough cut of the film

2001: A Space Odyssey

Types of Scores
john williams 1932
John Williams (1932- )
  • Born in NYC
  • Started piano lessons at age 8
  • Served in Air Force-arranged music for service bands
  • Studied at Julliard and UCLA
  • Started as studio pianist
john williams
John Williams
  • First movie score: 1960: Checkmate
  • Other scores:

Star Wars, Jaws, E.T., Jurassic Park, Harry Potter, Home Alone, Indiana Jones, Catch Me If You Can, Minority Report, Hook

john williams1
John Williams
  • 1980-1993: Conductor of the Boston Pops Orchestra
  • Also writes concert works (Soundings for the new Disney Concert Hall in L.A.)
richard wagner s opera
Richard Wagner’s Opera:
  • Gesamtkunstwerk: complete work of art
  • Unending Melody
  • Large Orchestra
    • Large orchestra used
    • Action on stage is mirrored by music
  • Leitmotifs
    • A short musical phrase used to represent a character or action
wagner used in star wars
Wagner Used in Star Wars:
  • Gesamtkunstwerk: visual & music elements work together
  • Unending Melody: Nearly 2 hours of music in a 2 hour movie
  • Large Orchestra: Full orchestra used, action matched by music
  • Leitmotifs: different characters have different melodies
guess that leitmotif
Guess That Leitmotif!!

D. Yoda

The Force

Han & Leia

Luke

Leia

C. Darth Vader

the good guys
The Good Guys

Han Solo & his co-pilot, Chewbacca

The Droids: R2-D2 (the short one) & C3PO (the tall one)

Yoda, a Jdi Master

Luke Skywalker, Princess Leia & Han Solo, the heroes

Lando Calrissian, friend of Han, govenor of Cloud City

Obi-Won Kenobi (aka Ben) Jedi master

the bad guys
The Bad Guys

Darth Vader, Sith Lord (bad Jedi)

The Emperor, ruler of the Empire & Sith Lord (bad Jedi)

Stormtroopers, the Empire’s Henchmen

Boba Fett, bounty hunter in search of Han Solo

slide16

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