LOW - COST BIO - ABATEMENT OF POLLUTION. Mrs Almitra H Patel, MS MIT Member, Supreme Court Committee For Solid Waste Management firstname.lastname@example.org. WASTE AVOIDED IS MONEY EARNED . Pollution prevention saves inputs: Reused electroplating wash saves $$$
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Mrs Almitra H Patel, MS MIT
Member, Supreme Court Committee
For Solid Waste Management
Pollution prevention saves inputs:
Reused electroplating wash saves $$$
Nirula milkshakes from 1st icecream rinses
Pollution prevention at source is good.
Better still is effluent treatment
at the end of each process step.
Single wastes are far more
cheaply and effectively handled
e.g. in canteens or quarters,
* food wastes can be composted,
* “dry” wastes can be recycled.
Road dust collected with garbage
makes both wastes useless.
Cigarette filter waste for moth-proof boards
Carrybags in bitumen IMPROVE road quality
but needs changed tender-specs to take off
Change sick firms nearby into common baling/recycling units, on APGBP model
Mixing liquid wastes can give a problem end-product
Neutralised streams have high TDS and salt content
Salty discharges can destroy
farmland and lakes.
Excel Industries bio-remediates its toxic effluents on city waste :
Endosulfan-tainted effluent is used on aerobic wind-rows
First used at 3% dilution,
then stage-wise upto 30% strength.
Ask Mr Ganesan in Hyd at 98480-52725,
or email@example.com for help
Try high-rate transpiration plantations
e.g. casuarina 5’ x 3’ apart at Puri STP
Coconut plantations are salt-tolerant
Salt-loving salicornia grass for hi TDS
At IGIDR, sullage is sprinkler-fed
to canna - beds surrounding a
collection sump with perforated walls.
Odourless water is used for gardening.
Try this with salicornia or beach plants for salty effluents
Partly-treated water can be re-used for toilets, floor-washing, gardening:
Micro-bubble aerators for quick
oxidation can be decorative fountains
like Calcutta 7-Star hotel’s venturi aerators
Solar evaporation can give pure water for condensers
RO=Reverse Osmosis can pay for itself but the brine produced must be planned for.
Waste-water treatment can be
both beautiful and functional.
Poplar tree bark stores
nitrates and nitrazines
One fern can absorb arsenic,
another for traces of mercury.
Tomato roots absorb lead, copper, zinc
Mustard shoots hold lead, copper, selenium (but must be incinerated)
Sunflowers thrive in radioactive
enivronments, and somehow
reduce harmful emissions.
All this works for TRACE QUANTITIES!
BETTER THAN CURE !!
Thane lake was cleaned up using
mud-balls with bio-cultures + enzymes.
E M = Effective Micro-organisms is a
Japanese bioculture working well to
reduce odours and BOD in waste-water
canals, solar ponds, septic tanks.
Lake-Restorer TMdeepened a US lake
using a floating-doughnut island of
long-rooted water-plants and an
‘air-lift’ pump to bring organic silt up
past the “fixed-film bioreactor” roots.
See www.oceanarks .com
12 Restorers in a 36000 sq m treatment lagoon at Tyson Foods Maryland, for 5000 cu m per day.
Lake at Four Seasons Resort in Kona, Hawaii.
$ 1 Million project for a highly polluted canal in Fuzhou city, China
LEND A HAND !
Sponsor a pilot clean-up at a lake.
Replace Akbar’s milk-collection model with Amul’s:
“Dilution” can be deadly !
Chrome effluent + sewage at Kanpur’s
UASB = toxic Cr-6 sludge in open dumps
NIMBY = Not In My Back Yard, or
BANANA = Build Nothing Anywhere
Build enviro-costs and Timetable into
product pricing. If not,
“Best” will drive out “Good”, as in TN
Polluter-Pays is here.
EPR and LCA are coming soon :
Extended Producer Responsibility +
Life Cycle Analysis.
Think “developed”, not “developing”.
Stay abreast of EU Stds to beat the competition