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Chapter 19: ORGANIC COMPOUNDS. This lecture will help you understand:. Hydrocarbons Unsaturated Hydrocarbons Functional Groups Alcohols, Phenols, and Ethers Amines and Alkaloids Carbonyl Compounds Polymers. Organic Chemistry.
24. Table of Contents. 24. Unit 6: Interactions of Matter. Chapter 24: Organic Compounds. 24.1: Simple Organic Compounds. 24.2: Other Organic Compounds. 24.3: Petroleum —A Source of Carbon Compounds. 24.4: Biological Compounds. Simple Organic Compounds. 24.1. Organic Compounds.
ORGANIC COMPOUNDS. Objectives Compare organic versus inorganic compounds. Describe the unique properties of carbon including formation of 4 covalent bonds, polymerization, carbon chains, and introduce carbon cycle. (IPC TEKS 7D)
Organic Compounds. Organic Compounds. Typical organic compounds: Contain carbon Have covalent bonds Have low melting points Have low boiling points Are flammable (all burn) Are soluble in nonpolar solvents May be gases, liquids or solids. C 3 H 8 Propane.
Organic Compounds. Carbon always has 4 bonds. Representing Organic Compounds. Molecular Formula -- C 4 H 10 Complete structural formula – Condensed structural formula – Line formula - . Isomers - Compounds that have the same molecular formula but different structural formulas.
Organic Compounds. Carbon compounds Made by living organisms A few carbon compounds are considered inorganic: carbon oxides, carbides, carbonates. Carbon. Always share electrons Four covalent bonds. Organic. Hydrogen Atoms near Carbon: nitrogen, oxygen, sulfur, phosphorus, halogens
Organic Compounds:. Proteins. Basic Overview. contain nitrogen , carbon , hydrogen , and oxygen Water is the most abundant molecule in the body Proteins are the 2 nd most abundant! . Amino Acids = building blocks!. All proteins are made of amino acids
Organic Compounds. Organic contain carbon (C)…C 6 H 12 O 6 Inorganic no carbon (except CO 2 ) Ex. H 2 O, minerals, salts Why is carbon unique? It can form 4 covalent bonds (4e- in outer shell) Can form extremely long chains or rings by bonding with other atoms. Polymerization.
Organic Compounds. Chapter 24. Organic Compounds. Section 1- Simple Organic Compounds slides 3-20 Section 2- Other Organic Compounds slides 21-32 Section 3- Petroleum- A Source of Carbon Compounds slides 33-44 Section 4- Biological Compounds slides 45-62.
ORGANIC COMPOUNDS. Organic Compounds. Organic Compounds : Compounds that contain carbon and make up living organisms Carbon is the backbone of life!!!. CARBON. Why is carbon the backbone of life? Why is it special?.