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Identifying Different Personality Types and Working With Them. By Julie Dienno-Demarest, M.Ed. What is the Enneagram?. Personality Assessment ennea – Greek word for “nine” grammos – “figure” “nine pointed figure” Development of modern psychology

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what is the enneagram
What is the Enneagram?
  • Personality Assessment
    • ennea – Greek word for “nine”
    • grammos – “figure”
    • “nine pointed figure”
  • Development of modern psychology
    • Roots in philosophical and spiritual wisdom of ancient traditions (2500 BCE)
    • Primarily concerns with self-knowledge
why the enneagram
Why the Enneagram?
  • Myers-Briggs / Keirsey Temperament Sorter
    • ENFJ / ISTP / ESFP / INTJ… etc
    • Good for forming balanced teams, understanding gifts and talents of each person
    • Focus on appreciating differences
    • No “good/bad” …Just “different”
why the enneagram1
Why the Enneagram?
  • Enneagram  underlying motivation
    • This is why I do what I do
  • Basic motivation leads to behavior:
    • Healthy behavior
    • Average behavior
    • Unhealthy behavior
why the enneagram2
Why the Enneagram
    • Personal growth
      • You will always be you.
      • Healthy… Average… Unhealthy…
    • Better understand others
      • Motivation, priorities, and behavior of others
      • Habit 5: seek first to understand, then to be understood
    • Enhance relationships
      • Work, Family, Friends, Children
how does it work
How Does It Work?
  • Symbolic Image
    • Circle: unity, wholeness, oneness
    • Triangle: The Law of Three
      • Everything that exists is the result of the interaction of three forces
    • Hexad: The Law of Seven
      • Process and development over time
      • Nothing is static; everything evolves over time.
1 the perfectionist reformer
1. The Perfectionist/Reformer
  • Principled, idealistic, orderly, strong sense of right and wrong
    • Healthy: conscientious, ethical, wise judgment
    • Average: critical, methodical, detailed
    • Unhealthy: self-righteous, inflexible, obsessive
  • If you want it done right, you’ve got to do it yourself.
the helper giver
The Helper / Giver
  • Concerned, helpful, love and be loved
    • Healthy: empathetic, sincere, warm, appreciative, encouraging, generous, thoughtful, altruistic
    • Average: gushy, lots of good intentions, need to be needed, meddling “mother,” possessive
    • Unhealthy: if unappreciated  resentful & complain, play martyr & guilt others
  • I love you, you love me…
3 the achiever performer
3. The Achiever / Performer
  • Self-assured, ambitious, success oriented, motivates others, networking
    • Healthy: high self-esteem, feel desirable, adaptable, energetic, charming, popular, authentic
    • Average: competitive “winner,” pragmatic, goal-oriented, image conscious, problems with phoniness, arrogance, egotistical
    • Unhealthy: success at all costs  exploitative, opportunistic, immoral, pathological liars
  • Look at me!
4 the individualist artist
4. The Individualist / Artist
  • Creative, unique, individualistic, genuine expression of self
    • Healthy: self-aware, introspective, intuitive, profoundly creative, genuine internal expression
    • Average: “artistically” expressive, fantasy & imagination, emotionally expressive (moody) or overwhelmed (withdrawn)
    • Unhealthy: if dreams/fantasies fail  angry at self, severely depressed, worthless, emotional paralysis
  • Nobody really understands me…
the observer investigator
The Observer / Investigator
  • Perceptive, analytic, eccentric, thinker
    • Healthy: observe everything with extraordinary perceptiveness, love learning, excited by possessing knowledge
    • Average: specialized with knowledge, detached and preoccupied with data (live in their head), arrogant sense of intelligence
    • Unhealthy: reclusive, secretive with knowledge, “mad scientist”
  • Knowledge is power…
the loyalist trooper
The Loyalist / Trooper
  • Likable, loyal, dependable, highly value trust
    • Healthy: engaging and friendly, trustworthy and hardworking, cooperative and reliable
    • Average: “team player” does what they’re told, indirect with conflict, indecisive, anxiety (“what if…”)
    • Unhealthy: insecure, dependent and clingy, inferiority complex, over-react to everything
  • I belong
7 the enthusiast epicure
7. The Enthusiast / Epicure
  • Enthusiastic, busy, versatile, playful, generalist
    • Healthy: excitable extrovert, productive and prolific, joyful appreciation of life’s experiences
    • Average: insatiable appetite for new experiences, constant activity (“flighty”), fear being bored
    • Unhealthy: quickly and easily frustrated , impulsive, escapist
  • Carpe Diem!…Try anything once
8 the challenger protector
8. The Challenger / Protector
  • Powerful, assertive, confident, strong, decisive, action-oriented LEADER
    • Healthy: courageous, noble and honorable leader, use power constructively
    • Average: “rugged individualists,” dominate people/situations, use power for self-interest
    • Unhealthy: ruthless and hard-hearted, dictatorial, hold on to power and prevail at all costs
  • Might makes right… Use your power for good not evil…
9 the peacemaker mediator
9. The Peacemaker / Mediator
  • Peaceful, reassuring, passive, easy-going
    • Healthy: deeply receptive, open, patient
    • Average: overly accommodating, agreeable, avoid conflicts
    • Unhealthy: stubborn, neglect problems, fatalistic
  • Go with the flow… Don’t make waves…
  • The Wisdom of the Enneagram: The Complete Guide to Psychological and Spiritual Growth for the Nine Personality Types by Don Richard Riso and Russ Hudson
    • This is an all-around great resource; probably my favorite book on the topic, but also more in-depth understandings… offers a lot of comments on healthy-average-unhealthy as well as suggestions for spiritual growth.
  • The Enneagram Made Easy: Discover the 9 Types of People by Renee Baron and Elizabeth Wagele
    • This has a lot of comic-style images and cartoon-like explanations that make it an easy read to acquaint folks with the Enneagram for the first time.
  • Are You My Type, Am I Yours? : Relationships Made Easy Through The Enneagram by Renee Baron and Elizabeth Wagele
    • High school students love, love, love this book… and so do adults.  The thing I like best about this one is how it explains what a given number likes and struggles with when it comes to interacting with others (of their same number and all the others).
  • Understanding the Enneagram: The Practical Guide to Personality Types by Russ Hudson and Don Richard Riso
    • This one has a great, easy to comprehend explanation of each type.  I like that it calls out the characteristic virtue and vice of each number.  I also appreciate the section it has on “mis-typing,” which helps participants figure out which number they are.
  • Julie Dienno-Demarest