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Banana puree and beverages. Next. Introduction. Banana Puree and beverages. In tropical countries like India, fruit beverages provide delicious cool drinks during the hot summer.

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banana puree and beverages

Introduction

Banana Puree and beverages

In tropical countries like India, fruit beverages provide delicious cool drinks during the hot summer.

Due to their nutritive value they are becoming more popular than synthetic drinks which at present have a very large market in our country.

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Introduction

Banana Puree and beverages

Synthetic drinks contain only water (about 88%) and

total carbohydrates (about 12%) and provide about 48 Kcal, whereas fruit based drinks contain vitamins (A, B and C) and minerals (iron, calcium etc.) and provide more calories.

Thus, fruit based drinks are far superior to many synthetic drinks.

If synthetic (drinks) preparations are replaced by fruit beverages, it would be a boon to the consumers as well as to the fruit growers.

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Banana Puree

Banana Puree and beverages

Banana Puree is widely used for direct consumption or mixed into daily food, juices, nectars, drinks, jams, bakery fillings, fruit meals for children, flavours for food industry in the preparation of baby foods, ice creams, yoghurts and confectionery.

Banana yoghurt makes a healthy snack and banana ice cream, milk shakes and delicious desserts.

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Banana Puree and Paste

Banana Puree and beverages

Banana pulp with or without added salt and containing not less than 9.0 percent of salt –free banana solids is known as “medium banana puree”.

It can be concentrated further to “heavy banana puree” which contains not less than 12 percent solids.

If this is further concentrated so that it contains not less than 25 percent banana solids, it is known as banana paste.

On further concentration to 33 percent or more of solids, it is called concentrated banana paste.

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Banana Puree and Paste

Banana Puree and beverages

Method

Banana juice(strained)

Cooking to desired consistency

(open cooker vacuum pan)

Judging of end-point for puree or paste

(tomato solids by hand refractometer or volume by measuring stick)

Filling hot in to bottles or cans (82-88c)

Sterilization in boiling water for 20 minutes

Cooling

Storage at ambient temperature

(In cool and dry place)

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Fruit beverages

Banana Puree and beverages

Fruit beverages are easily digestible, highly refreshing, thirst quenching, appetizing and nutritionally far superior to many synthetic and aerated drinks.

They can be classified into two groups.

Unfermented beverages

Banana beverages

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Unfermented beverages

Banana Puree and beverages

Fruit juices which do not undergo alcoholic fermentation

are termed as unfermented beverages.

They include natural and sweetened juices, RTS, nectar, cordial, squash, crush, syrup, fruit juice concentrate and fruit juice powder.

Barley waters and carbonated beverages are also included in this group.

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Banana beverages

Banana Puree and beverages

Banana being a highly perishable fruit suffers from post – harvest losses to the extent of 30-45 % during glut seasons.

The shelf life of fresh produce can be extended by storing them at low temperature, by surface coating, pre-packing, vacuum packing and processed into various value added products.

Beverages such as squash, cordial and RTS are prepared using clarified banana juice.

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Banana beverages

Banana Puree and beverages

Banana being a highly perishable fruit suffers from post – harvest losses to the extent of 30-45 % during glut seasons.

The shelf life of fresh produce can be extended by storing them at low temperature, by surface coating, pre-packing, vacuum packing and processed into various value added products.

Beverages such as squash, cordial and RTS are prepared using clarified banana juice.

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Banana beverages

Banana Puree and beverages

Complete removal of all suspended material from juice is known as clarification which is closely related to the quality, appearance and flavour of the juice.

The following methods of clarification are used

a) Settling (b) filtration (c) freezing (D) cold  storage (e) high temperature (f) chemicals such as gelatin, albumen, casein, mixture of tannin and gelatin (g) enzymes such as pectinol and filtragol.

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Clarification of banana juice

Banana Puree and beverages

Ripe fruits → washing → Peeling → Passing through pulper → Pulping → pasteurizing (80°C for 10min.)  cooling → addition of enzyme (pectinex 0.5%) → leaving overnight → separating juice from pulp → filtering (vacuum pulp ) → clarified banana juice.

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Banana squash

Banana Puree and beverages

This is a type of fruit beverage containing at least 25 per cent fruit juice (or) pulp, 45% TSS, 1.0% acidity and citric acid as preservative.

It is diluted before serving (1 : 3). Lime, mango, orange and pineapple are used for making squash commercially using KMS as preservative

Jamun, passion fruit, raspberry, strawberry, grape fruit etc. with sodium benzoate as preservative

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Banana squash

Banana Puree and beverages

Ingredients

Clarified banana juice -1000g

Sugar - 1540g

Citric acid -32g

KMS -2.8g

Water -1425ml

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Banana squash

Banana Puree and beverages

Method

Clarified banana juice is prepared as mentioned.

Sugar and citric acid are dissolved in water and heated.

The prepared syrup is filtered through muslin cloth to skim off the dirt.

Allowed to cool to room temperature.

The clarified banana juice is mixed with syrup.

The clarified banana juice is mixed with syrup.

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Banana Cordial

Banana Puree and beverages

Cordial is a sparkling, clear, sweetened fruit juice from which pulp and other insoluble substances have been completely removed.

It contains at least 25% juice, 30% TSS, 1.5% acid.

Ingredients

Clarified banana juice -1000g, Sugar- 940g, Citric acid -34g, KMS-2.8g and Water-2025 ml

The steps involved for the preparation of banana cordial is similar to squash except that the total soluble solids (TSS) are maintained at 30°bx.

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Banana Puree and beverages

BANANA RTS (Ready To Serve beverage)

This is a type of fruit beverage which contains atleast 10% fruit juice and 10% total soluble solids besides about 0.3 per cent acid.

It is not diluted before serving hence it is known as ready to serve.

Commercially RTS beverages (with 13% TSS and 0.3 % acid) can be prepared by using SO2 - 70 ppm or benzoic acid 120 ppm.

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Banana Puree and beverages

BANANA RTS (Ready To Serve beverage)

Method

Sugar and citric acid are dissolved in water and filtered.

Clarified banana juice is prepared as mentioned and added to the filtered sugar-acid solution and heated to 80°C.

The hot juice is filled in sterilized glass bottles (cap. 250ml), corked and pasteurized in a boiling water bath for 20min.

The prepared RTS is cooled and stored at room temperature.

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