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  1. SOUTH AFRICAN POLICE SERVICE Presentation to: Joint Monitoring Committee on Improvement of Quality of Life and Status of Women

  2. Introduction • Programmes to address violence against women • Preventative: Through visible policing and social crime prevention programmes; and • Reactive: Investigative, court processing (prosecutions, protection orders), corrective. • The National Instructions (Rape / domestic violence) place an obligation on the station manager for the supervision of service provision and implementation of the DV Act within the station

  3. Basic floor of services • Basic floor of services required for domestic violence and rape include: • Capacity to provide victim support, protection and assistance; • Performance of administrative functions (eg statement taking, giving information on options available in the event of domestic violence - protection order / criminal charge / both) • Arrest of offender in terms of powers given by relevant legislation • Referrals to support services (for counselling, medical examinations etc) • Any member (male / female) should be capable of providing basic services, particularly on domestic violence.

  4. SAPS Concerns • Front line services • Domestic Violence • Victim Empowerment Programme • Interdepartmental rape strategy • Prevention of firearm-related violence • Investigations: Family Violence Child Protection and Sexual Offences Units (FCS) • 169 Contact Crime stations – stations with the highest incidence of violence against women and children • Child and Youth programme

  5. Implementation of the DVA (1) • Implemented end 1999: SAPS members trained prior to implementation • Content included Social Context, National Instruction #7 / 1999 and DVA. • Five-day training programme • Approved: 2004 • Tested and piloted: Dec 2004 – July 2005 • Training of trainers: September 2005 • Provincial roll-out: ongoing

  6. Implementation of the DVA (2) • Part of Development of Integrated, interdepartmental Training (NPA, DSD, DoH, Justice college, DCS) • Problem solving approach in training, also focus on integration of services • In-depth social context issues, referral systems. • Monitoring and evaluation: Report to Parliament twice a year • Reports from ICD and NGO’s informs programme in SAPS eg for ongoing training; and co-operation with other departments and communities • Interdepartmental monitoring programme

  7. Implementation of the DVA (3) • Interdepartmental Protocols and guidelines for integrated service delivery: • Social Development - Shelters, victim support • Justice - Protection orders • Currently part of justice initiative to improve provincial coordination

  8. Rape and Sexual Offences (1) • Reactive: Investigation and victim • Complemented by VEP for all functional members • Interdepartmental process to develop strategy to address rape - preventative and reactive. • Interdepartmental Rape programme led by NPA • Prevention, improvement of criminal justice response, improvement of victim empowerment • Premise that not all rapes are the same - prevention must be informed by offender and victim analysis • Supported by public awareness and communication

  9. Rape and Sexual Offences (2) • Specialised units and specialised individuals at stations (FCS and CPU’s): • Current strength – 230 members • Specialised training for investigators, eg FCS sexual offences techniques, national instruction on sexual offences • Crime Scene management • Gender sensitivity training • Inclusion of investigation of sexual offences and victim empowerment in basic training and in training for all detectives

  10. Victim Empowerment (1) • Training Programme aimed at basic levels of service delivery, treating victims with respect and dignity, entrench their rights to receive and offer information • Five hundred and Ninety-two VFFs country-wide • Part of Initiative for implementation of Victim Charter: led by Dept of Justice

  11. Victim Empowerment (2) • Community based victim support initiatives • Public Awareness and internal communication • Limitation of secondary victimisation • Empowerment of Victim as witness

  12. Prevention of firearm related violence • Firearms Control Act can play a role in reducing violence against women • Gun violence threatens and oppresses women, children and young men

  13. Priority station areas for Violence against women and children • NCCF direction: Identified 169 contact crime police stations - highest levels of crime against women and children • Developing proactive local programmes aimed at reducing the levels of violent crime against women and children - programmes in all provinces approved • Reduction programmes to protect women and children from violence - aimed at factors that contribute to violence like alcohol and firearms

  14. Youth Programme (1) • Youth programme aimed at: • Reducing risk factors to offending behaviour • Strengthening resilience factors to victimization and offending • Criminal Justice: • Children Awaiting Trial • Child Justice Bill • Schools Based Programmes: Partnership with Department of Education : • Safer Schools workbook, support for local schools-based programmes

  15. Youth Programme (2) • Captain Crime Stop • Adopt- A - Cop • Implementation of Firearm-free zones in schools • Awareness programmes to address risk factors like alcohol and drugs • Children Living In Streets: reducing vulnerability through integrated partnerships • Part of Child Labour Initiatives: Worst Forms of Child Labour


  17. PROGRESSION OF WOMEN SINCE 1994 • SAPS was relatively conservative • Police women were not enjoying same conditions of service and work alongside male counterparts in some facets • Women were largely excluded from specialized services • Employment Equity issues vis a vis women not addressed seriously

  18. CURRENT STATUS- WOMEN IN LEADERSHIP • 1 Deputy National Commissioner • 1 Provincial Commissioner • 3 Divisional Commissioners • 5 Deputy Provincial Commissioners • 22 Assistant Commissioners

  19. WOMEN EMPOWERMENT PROGRAMME • Women empowerment programmes were implemented in 2001 and are in line with the SA’s National Policy Framework for Women Empowerment and Gender Equality which is monitored by OSW at the Presidency • Women Network established in 2003 to support women empowerment programmes • Women Network Champions were nominated to lead the Network and facilitate all activities that highlight contributions of women towards the strategic objectives of SAPS

  20. WOMEN EMPOWERMENT PROGRAMME • All Champions are required to submit annual action plans to indicate programmes they will embark upon • Annual meetings are arranged for the Champions to report progress, develop new programmes and share best practices • Women’s Network serve as pressure group within the police that highlight women’s issues within the Strategic Business Plan of the SAPS

  21. ACHIEVEMENTS • Allocated 40% of all trainee to women in order to improve their mobility to Supervisory, middle and senior positions • 70% of all places in the Emerging Leadership Programme has been reserved for women in order to broaden the pool of women leaders in SAPS • Trained 3 women Pilots, 4 women Auditors,3 women Explosives Experts and 14 women Special T ask Force operators

  22. ACHIEVEMENTS (CONT) • Awarded 85 % of all bursaries to Historically disadvantaged groups of which women form part • SSSBC allocated R 6,750 million to women development in the 2006/7 financial year

  23. ACHIEVEMENTS (CONT) • All senior appointments are monitored to ensure that they are in line with the numeric goals of the SAPS Employment Equity Plan • All recruitment and promotion drives are monitored to ensure that business units reach their numeric targets

  24. ACHIEVEMENTS (CONT) • All senior appointments are monitored to ensure that they are in line with the numeric goals of the SAPS Employment Equity Plan • All recruitment and promotion drives are monitored to ensure that business units reach their numeric targets

  25. CONCLUSION • SAPS has achieved a target of 30% in the operational environment. • The target is moving at all times in line with government pronouncements. • In conclusion we believe that there is progress in the affirmation of women in the SAPS.

  26. Training on Domestic Violence The purpose with Training on Domestic Violence is to: • ensure compliance by members with their duties in terms of the Act and National Instruction; and • develop the necessary skills amongst members to enable them to deal with incidents of domestic violence in a sensitive, professional and efficient manner

  27. Training (Continue) • With the implementation of the Act, 1771 commanders and trainers from every station and area were trained on the Act. These trainers were responsible to train the remaining members in their respective provinces and divisions before its coming into operation. • Training on domestic violence is included and forms an integral part of the Basic Training Programme for new recruits since 2000.

  28. Training (Continue) • Since the beginning of 2006, 5 500 new recruits underwent the Basic Training Programme (which included training on domestic violence). • The number of members attached to Family Violence, Child Protection and Sexual Offences units who underwent specialized training (including training on the handling and investigation of cases involving domestic violence), was increased to 72 %.

  29. Training (Continue) • A Specialized 5-day Course on the handling of domestic violence incidents was developed and implemented during 2005 and piloted in the Eastern Cape. • During January-June 2006, 984 members from the different provinces underwent the 5-day Course. • In addition to this, a further 19 trainers (representative of all 9 provinces) have been trained to expedite the rollout of the Course in all the provinces.