Writing Effectively. Ms. Carlino’s English Class. Characteristics of a Paragraph. For a paragraph to make sense, you need two things! Unity – each sentence supports the main idea Coherence – All sentences relate to each other
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Ms. Carlino’s English Class
For a paragraph to make sense, you need two things!
It’s important to have both, otherwise people won’t have a clue what you are saying.
Say I started talking about Sports. I could talk about football, then switch to basketball. Then maybe talk about how fouls are completely different in basketball than they are in baseball.
I’m still talking about sports so it’s unified – but it’s definitely not coherent!
*Sometimes Order of Degree is the easiest in papers – that whole Bing, Bang, Boom idea
Really, really, it’s not that hard!!
Now that we understand Unity and Coherence, we need to use those ideas to create an essay.
Here’s a Run Down of the 5 Steps (Remember CIRAC)
* This is NOT your thesis
Example Broad(good) vs. Specific (not good)
-Sports - Football
-Movies - The Princess Bride
It’s important to let your audience in on exactly what you are talking about. You don’t want to tell them in the first sentence – what if the topic is too specific to interest them. Here’s were we build in the specifics.
Note on Step 2
Even if you don’t have a question, your thesis is your main idea. If you are given a specific topic, this should be present in your thesis.
i.e. – Essay Question –
Which characters in the story changed as a result of the events?
A quality thesis to answer this question would be something like:
Bob changes as a result of the events in the story.
* Note – Steps 2 and 3 may be combined in the same sentence!
And you thought writing a thesis statement was a hard thing to do! Really, it’s not. Just plug and chug into the following formula!
________________ + ___________,________,_________.
Belief Statement + reasons why you think so
(take out the “I believe part!!)
*Why take out the “I believe?”
It’s your paper – of course it’s what you believe!!
This is the body of your essay. Here is where you explain the reasons in your thesis and convince your audience to believe the way that you do.
Step 4 has two parts:
*Note – a. and b. do not have to go in order – just make sure your paragraph is coherent!
In your conclusion please do the following:
And that’s how easy it should be to write an essay! But wait – there’s a few things to remember!