Measuring Undernutrition - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Measuring Undernutrition
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Measuring Undernutrition

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  1. Measuring Undernutrition Text adapted from: The World Food Problem Leathers & Foster, 2009 ttp://www.amazon.com/World-Food-Problem-Toward-Undernutrition/dp/1588266389

  2. Measuring Undernutrition • Clinical assessment • Measurements • Swelling • Eye tests • Biochemical assessment • Blood tests • Anemia • Dietary assessment • Survey of food eaten http://www.globalaware.org/Images/MLW112sm.jpg

  3. Anthropometric Measurements • Comparisons made to reference population • Height • Weight • Body Fat • Arm circumference • Stunting • Low height for age • Underweight • Low weight for age • Wasting • Low weight for height Same age girls http://www.worldhunger.org/images/bangcousins.jpg

  4. Stunting • Stunting: low height for age • Over 200 million children are stunted • 40% of all preschool children in developing countries http://lh3.ggpht.com/_B9ewHcmqIAA/RpwXq1CfJ1I/AAAAAAAAAss/V145foIlbcw/Kenya+2007+1401.jpg

  5. Stunting http://www.theglobaleducationproject.org/earth/images/final-images/stunting-map.gif

  6. Underweight • Low weight for age • 150 million children are underweight • 26% of world’s children http://www.squidoo.com/make_a_difference

  7. Underweight http://www.msf.org.za/MalnutritionCampaign/pics/map_hotspots_large.jpg

  8. Wasted • Below normal weight for height • 52 million children are wasted • Two thirds of these live in Asia • half in South Asia http://www.sfgate.com/c/pictures/2006/03/30/mn_africa26_032_mac.jpg

  9. Mid Upper Arm Circumference(MUAC) • Easy way to determine undernutrition in preschool children • upper arm circumference doesn’t change much • Normal • Over 14 cm • Undernourished • 12.5-14 cm • Severely undernourished • Under 12.5 cm http://www.cooler-marketing.com/img/MUAC31.jpg

  10. Undernutrition • About 55% of the 11 million deaths among under-five children each year in the developing world are associated with undernutrition http://www.unicef.org/sowc98/figure1.gif