FLAG FOOTBALL. General Rules. The Field of Play. Position Descriptions. Quarterback (QB) - The quarterback is the captain of the offense - The QB calls the offensive plays and is the leader. - The QB stands behind the center (C) and receives the football in what is called a “snap”
- The quarterback is the captain of the offense
- The QB calls the offensive plays and is the leader.
- The QB stands behind the center (C) and receives the football in what is called a “snap”
- The QB has the option to either hand off the football or pass it to a teammate on offense.
- The center snaps the ball to the QB to start an offensive play. A snap is when the center tosses the football back between his/her legs to the QB.
- After the snap, the center can run out and receive a pass.
Wide Receiver (WR)
- The wide receiver catches passes from the QB and runs with the ball.
- The WR can also take a handoff and run the ball.
- There are up to 3 WRs on offense.
Running Back (RB)
- The RB stands behind or beside the QB and can receive handoffs and run the ball. The RB can also catch passes from the QB.
Defensive Backs (DB)
- All defensive position in flag football are defensive backs
- The DB is responsible to stop the players on offense by trying to intercept or knock down passes.
- The DB also tries to pull the flag of the player with the football.
Line of Scrimmage
– The imaginary line showing the offensive position on the field. Each play begins from this line and is where the ball is snapped.
– The line that must be crossed to get into the end zone for a touchdown or extra point conversions.
– The area at both ends of the field that is apx. 10 yards deep and 30 yards wide. This area must be entered for touchdowns and conversions.
No Running Zone
– The area 5 yards from each goal line where running plays are not allowed. Handoffs, tosses, and pitches are not allowed in this area either.
– A TD is scored when the offense runs or passes the football into the end zone. A TD is worth 6 pts.
– After a TD, the offense has a chance to score more points with one from the 5 yd line (1 point) or from the 12 yd line (2 points)
– The offense has three attempts (downs) to cross midfield, and, if successful, another three downs to reach the end zone. Every time the ball carrier is stopped, it is called a down and the line of scrimmage moves to that spot.
– When the offense crosses midfield with the ball, it earns a first down. An official can also award a first down on a penalty.
– A loss of possession of the football. When the offense fails to score or get a first down, or the ball is intercepted, the defense gains possession of the ball.
– A huddle is when the offense and/or defense gather separately on the field to call a play or discuss strategies.
– When a DB lines up 7 yds behind the line of scrimmage, he/she can rush the QB and attempt to pull the QBs flag and stop the play (The QB cannot run the football past the line of scrimmage).
– When one RB or WR switches his or her location on the line of scrimmage before the ball is snapped. The RB or WR may run toward either sideline but not toward the line of scrimmage.
– When either team crosses the line of scrimmage before the ball is snapped. This is a penalty.
– When an offensive player is caught in their own end zone and their flag is pulled. The defensive team is awarded 2 points and poss. of the ball on their 5 yd line.
– The formation in which the QB stands away from the center (usually 3-5 yards) to take the snap. This gives the QB more time to find WRs or see blitzes.
– When a DB catches a pass intended for a WR or RB. The ball can be run back toward the opposite end zone by the defense.
– When a player with possession of the football drops the ball. In flag football, the play is stopped and the down is over.
1) Field Dimensions and Markings
- Teams usually consist of 6 players (5 on the field at a time).
- Teams may play with a minimum of four (4) players (due to injuries).
- If less than 4 players are available, the game is cancelled.
- Some leagues are co-ed and regulate the number of males and females on the field.
Touchdown: 6 points Extra point: 1 point (played from 5-yard line) 2 points (played from 12-yard line) Safety: 2 points
An interception return to opponent's end zone on any extra-point play by the defense will result in the defense scoring 2 points plus gaining possession for the next series at its own five yard line.
Delay of game Substitution fouls Illegal motion (more than one person moving, etc.) -- 5 yards and loss of down; False Start
Illegal shift or failure to pause for one second
Player out of bounds (if player goes out of bounds, player cannot return to the field and catch ball)
Illegal forward pass (pass received behind line of scrimmage) -- 5 yards and loss of down;
Offensive pass interference (illegal pick play, pushing off/away defender) -- 5 yards and loss of down;
Flag guarding -- 5 yards from the point of foul and loss of down;
Rusher Interference - It is illegal for a receiver to run a pattern that interferes with a rusher on his/her direct path to the quarterback.
Others – hook, button, stop n go, comeback, comeback slant, other variations