Chapters 15,16, & 17. American Government. The Federal Bureaucracy. The federal bureaucracy, part of the executive branch, carries out most of the day-to-day work of the Federal Government The Executive branch is composed of three groups of agencies: The Executive Office of the President
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
White House Office
Executive Office of the President
Regulates business activities:
Investigates or advises
Securities & Exchange Commission
Board and manager;
U.S. Postal Service
The Executive Office of the President includes both advisors and agencies that work closely with the President
The Executive Office of the President is an umbrella agency, some of the units are shown here.
White House Office
Office of National Drug Control Policy
Office of Management and Budget
The Constitution gives Congress broad power to set federal taxes, which today are collected mostly as income taxes
Progressive Tax – the more you make, the more you pay
Tax Return – forms filed showing how much money you owe the government
Payroll Taxes – money withheld from paychecks to send to the government: Social Security & Medicare
Regressive Taxes – rate is the same for everyone – Social Insurance taxes
Excise Tax – luxury tax
Estate Tax – paid on the assets of someone who died
Gift Tax – tax on gifts over $11,000 in one year
Custom Duty – tax on goods brought into the U.S. from another country
The United States has a huge public debt, created by borrowing when government spending exceeded its income.
In a year when the government spends more than it takes in, it must borrow money to make up the deficit.
Creating the Federal Budget
President, with help of Office of Management and Budget, creates the budget
President sends the budget to Congress
Congress gives budget to Budget and Appropriations Committees in each house
Congress approves final budget
Congress sends appropriations bills to the President to authorize spending for the coming year
Secretary of Defense
Joint Chiefs of Staff
Dept. Dept. Dept.
of the of the of the
Navy Army Air Force
Secretary of State
Several government agencies are closely involved with foreign and defense policy
U.S. Foreign Policy
Participation in the United Nations
Regional security alliances