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Longman PoliticalScience Interactive. Magleby & Light Government by the People Chapter 4 Political Culture and Ideology. Introduced in Congress just days after King’s assassination in 1968, but not passed until 1983

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longman politicalscience interactive

LongmanPoliticalScienceInteractive

Magleby & Light

Government by the People

Chapter 4

Political Culture and Ideology

controversy over the creation of martin luther king jr day
Introduced in Congress just days after King’s assassination in 1968, but not passed until 1983

Support was strong among groups such as labor unions and the National Football league

Yet states such as AZ, VA, and SC were opposed to the idea

In 2008, though racial tensions were never far from the headlines, candidates from both parties celebrated King’s accomplishments

Controversy Over the Creation of Martin Luther King Jr. Day

These changing attitudes toward King exemplify a shift in political culture in the U.S.

shared values
Shared Values

Equality

Liberty

Individualism

Respect for the Common Person

Democratic Consensus

Justice and the Rule of Law

Patriotism

Optimism and Idealism

where we learn the american political culture
Where We Learn the American Political Culture

Family

Schools

Number of times a week American families say that they eat together

Schools teach an idealized view of the nation’s slogans and symbols

where we learn the american political culture1
Where We Learn the American Political Culture

Peers and Community

Research shows that in heterogeneous communities, political participation tends to be higher, with more contested and competitive elections, and with more political debate than in homogeneous communities

  • Religion
  • Those raised in religious households tend to be socialized to contribute to society and to get involved in their communities
where we learn the american political culture2
Where We Learn the American Political Culture

Media

More than two-thirds of Americans report that they receive “all or most” of their news from television

the american dream
The American Dream

Coming from humble beginnings, Oprah Winfrey—television host, movie actress, and one of the highest-paid people in the country—epitomizes the American Dream

slide10
Political Ideology:A Consistent Pattern of Beliefs About Political Values and the Role of Government

Liberalism

A belief that

government can

and should achieve

justice and

equality of

opportunity

-Classical liberals

-Contemporary liberals

-Criticisms of liberalism

slide11
Political Ideology:A Consistent Pattern of Beliefs About Political Values and the Role of Government

Conservatism

A belief that

limited government

ensures order,

competitive markets,

and personal

opportunity

-Traditional conservatives

-Criticisms of Conservatism

socialism
Socialism

An economic and governmental system based on public ownership of the means of production and exchange

Bernard Sanders, a self-described socialist, is a Congressman from Vermont

libertarianism
Libertarianism

An ideology that cherishes individual liberty and insists on a minimal government, promoting a free-market economy, a noninterventionist foreign policy, and an absence of regulation in moral, economic, and social life

Bob Barr (center), Libertarian candidate for president in 2008

people in politics rachel carson
People in Politics: Rachel Carson

A leading scientist in the 1950s and 1960s and author of Silent Spring

differences in political ideology

Sylvan:

This image looks really low-res when blown up.

Differences in Political Ideology