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World Geography Mr. Newhall Fall 2013 Seventh Period
Welcome to World Geography • First Semester • 18 Weeks • 9 Units of Study • 9 Summative Assessments • 9 Performance Tasks
Our First essential questions? • Why are US soldiers fighting in Afghanistan? • Why are so many things (I phones) made in China? • Why do most European countries use the same currency? • Why do many US naval ships cruise the Persian gulf? • How did nelson Mandela change south Africa?
Class expectation #1 • Play Fair!
More Detailed expectations • Be on Time for class and come prepared. • Be engaged and an active learner – participate • Do all assignments – homework assigned only twice a week. • Come for extra help at assigned times or send an e-mail. • Listen to your classmates, be polite AND THOUGHTFUL
Continents Africa Asia South America Europe Australia North America Middle East Antarctica Middle East
Tell me how you learn!(answer these questions on the card provided) Are you a visual learner? What motivates you? What are your interests related to Geography? Where is your favorite vacation destination? What are your goals for this class? What are your concerns or worries?
Grading Formative Assessments (Quizzes) 20% Homework 20% Class Activities 20% Summative Assessments (Tests) 20% Performance Tasks (Projects) 20%
Match the place with the Continent! • Amazon • Mongolia • Hudson Bay • Sydney • Nigeria • Alps • Africa • Asia • South America • North America • Europe • Australia • ? • ? ? ?
Homework #1 • Go on line or use a newspaper (preferred) and find a news report about an event on another continent. Read the article and bring it to class with a three sentence summary.
What is Geography? • Work with your collaborative partner to create a two sentence definition of geography. • Share your definition • “Geography is the study of where people, places and things are located and how they relate to one another.”
Types of maps - Political • Describe a political map? • How might it change over time? • What is left out? • How might it be used?
Physical Map • What is highlighted by this map? • Can you name some physical features of Africa? • Can this map change over time?
Climate Map • Where is the best place to live in Australia? • What does this type of map show? • How might it change over time?
Five Themes of geography (page 38) • What is the location of a place? • What is the character of a place? • How are places similar to and different from other places? Region • How do people, goods and ideas move between places? Movement • How do people interact with the natural environment of a place?
Location • Absolute Location: GPS • Use of latitude and longitude • Latitude – measured in degrees from equator • Longitude – measured in degrees from Prime meridian
Finding latitude and longitude • Find the latitude and longitude of the following places • Georgia Dome • Our Lady of Mercy • Disney World • Ground Zero • Fenway Park
State Questions! • Name two states which border the Pacific Ocean? • How many of the 13 original colonies can you name? • Name three states which border Tennessee? • What four states meet together at right angles? • Can you name three of the Great Lakes? • What states are directly north of Massachusetts? • Name three states on the western bank of the Mississippi River.
Absolute Location • Exact place on the earth • Northern or southern hemisphere • Equator • Prime meridian – Greenwich, England • Longitude Vertical • Latitude - horizontal
Relative Location • The location on the globe based upon another place • “I live down the street” • How we find most places • Can you give directions from house to our lady of mercy?
Regions Formal Functional Perceptual Cities States Counties Nations continents Atlanta area Dallas Fort worth “big apple” Central place and areas affected by it. Determined by people’s views Midwest South West coast
HUMAN-ENVIRONMENT INTERACTION Movement • People, goods and ideas move between places • Columbian exchange between Europe and America • Architecture between ancient Greece and the united states • Impact of airport on Atlanta • Man is constantly impacted the environment • Global warming • Air conditioning • Kudzu! • Fish entering great lakes
Homework • Page 42 questions 1-5 • In addition • Write a clear paragraph of at least 5 sentences describing what is going on in this picture.
Earth’s layers • Core – center very hot • Inner dense and solid • Outer – liquid, molten • Mantle - solid rock • Crust – frosting on the cake
landforms • Oceans • Continents • Plain • Mountains • Plateaus • Canyons • Peninsulas • Islands • Isthmus • Archipelago • Basin • Gulf • Delta • Glacier • Lake • Seas
Plate Tectonics • Earth is composed of separate plates that move a small distance each year. • Some plates are moving apart but some are moving into each other. • What does this cause?
Continental Drift • Continents seem to fit together like a puzzle • Once there was a “supercontinent” called Pangaea. • Evidence is fossils that are the same from different continents.
Seafloor Spreading • Many landforms under the ocean • Molten rock building mountains on seafloor • Part of theory of plate tectonics • Plates move both away and into each other • When plates collide the result is earthquakes and volcanos • What is the Ring of Fire?
Weathering and erosion • Weathering – breakdown of rock at or near the earth’s surface into smaller and smaller pieces. • Erosion – the movement of weathered material such as gravel, soil and sand. • Erosion cased by wind, rain and ice.
Assessment on Friday! Maybe a little quiz today! Another tomorrow.
Test Tomorrow • Work with your collaborative partner. • Make a list of 15 terms for the test review. • Share your list with another team.