Korean History - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

east asian studies n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Korean History PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Korean History

play fullscreen
1 / 10
Korean History
133 Views
Download Presentation
sauda
Download Presentation

Korean History

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. East Asian Studies Korean History

  2. Geography • Mostly hilly • Mountains in the north that separate it from Manchuria • Most arable land in the south • Rice, barley grown • Cold winters, (esp. North) and hot summers

  3. Early Korea to 935 CE • Language is not related to Chinese • Early Historical Period 200 BCE-313 BCE • Home to many tribes • Old Chosŏn • Capital likely at Pyongyang • Est. with help from China • ruled by itself until 108 BCE • China rules until 313 CE • Much exchange with Chinese culture

  4. During this period, the remainder of Korea is ruled by chieftans, • Much like city-states • Overlaps with Han Dynasty in China

  5. 3 Kingdoms Rule • 313-668 CE • Koguryo • Northern, most powerful (supported by China) • Paekche • Maritime power in South, much contact with Japan • Silla • Powerful but small • Kaya • Absorbed by Silla in 562

  6. Buddhism • Spreads through Korea between the 360s and 370s • Quickly becomes a state-sponsored religion

  7. Unification by Silla 668-935 • Weak central control • Constant struggle with aristocracy “True Bones” • Large slave population made it hard to make land reforms • Higher culture closely linked with China • Confucianism

  8. KoryŏDynasty 935-1392 • King created alliance with aristocracy (Yangban) • Aristocracy sent hostages to king to keep loyalty • Slowly gained Confucian ideals, values and government during this time

  9. Family and Society • Ancestry traced through mother and father (equally important) • All siblings inherited property (even daughters) • Men often went to live with their wives’ families • Women could easily divorce • Women could reign as queens

  10. Breakdown of Koryŏ • Military rule from 1170-1259 • Inner turmoil makes the peninsula susceptible to attack • Mongols dominate Korea from 1260-1351