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Factors associated with perinatal deaths in women delivering in a health facility in Malawi. Lily C. Kumbani, Johanne Sundby and Jon Øyvind Odland. Outline. Introduction Study Purpose Methodology Results Implications. Introduction.

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factors associated with perinatal deaths in women delivering in a health facility in malawi

Factors associated with perinatal deaths in women delivering in a health facility in Malawi

Lily C. Kumbani, Johanne Sundby and Jon Øyvind Odland

outline
Outline
  • Introduction
  • Study Purpose
  • Methodology
  • Results
  • Implications
introduction
Introduction
  • Newborn deaths account for 40% of under- five mortality (MDG- 4).
  • Reducing early neonatal mortality is necessary to achieve MDG- 4.
introduction ctd
Introduction ctd…
  • Two-thirds of child deaths occur in the first month of life. Of these, more than two-thirds die in their first week. Among those in the first week, two-thirds die in the first 24 hours of life.
  • Unless neonatal mortality is greatly reduced it is not possible to achieve millennium development goal 4.
introduction ctd1
Introduction ctd…
  • In Malawi, an increase in perinatal mortality estimated at 40/1000 (MDHS 2010)
  • Few studies done.
  • These data are essential to effectively plan how to reduce perinatal mortality.
objectives
Objectives
  • To establish an estimate of perinatal mortality at Chiradzulu District Hospital.
  • To identify associated risk factors, and to determine causes of perinatal deaths.
methodology
Methodology
  • Design: A cross sectional prospective review of records.
  • Setting: Chiradzulu district hospital, labor ward and postnatal ward.
  • Inclusion criteria: Records of mothers who received antenatal care at any health facility but delivered at the district hospital from 28 weeks to term.
methodology ctd
Methodology ctd…

Data collection:

  • A data record form: was used to collect maternal and neonatal information

Data analysis

  • Stata version 11.0 was used
  • Univariate analysis was computed to determine the association between outcome (perinatal death) and independent variables.
methodology ctd1
Methodology ctd…

Ethical consideration:

  • Study approval - Norway Regional Committee for Medical Research Ethics & College of Medicine Research and Ethics Committee, Malawi.
  • Written permission from the District Health Officer - Chiradzulu District Hospital
results univariate analysis pregnancy
Results- univariate analysis (Pregnancy)

Maternal age, parity, HIV, syphilis, preeclampsia, anemia, malaria and APH had no effect on perinatal deaths

(p >0.05).

results univariate analysis labor delivery ctd1
Results- univariate analysis (Labor/Delivery) ctd…

Anemia, obstetric complications (preeclampsia, eclampsia, rupture of membranes > 24 hours, fetal distress, CPD, obstructed labor), and skilled attendant were not associated with perinatal deaths (p >0.05).

results univariate analysis postpartum ctd
Results- univariate analysis (Postpartum) ctd..

Meconium aspiration and hypothermia were not associated with perinatal deaths (p >0.05).

implications
Implications
  • Reinforce and improve health workers’ abilities to properly monitor women in labor at all levels of care for early identification and management of complications.
  • Encourage women to start antenatal care early for them to adhere to the four recommended antenatal visits.
  • Improve health workers ability in basic resuscitation, as well as care of low birth weight babies.
implications ctd
Implications ctd…
  • Referral of women with very preterm labor (28 to 32 weeks) to deliver in a facility with neonatal intensive care.
  • Pregnant women and communities should have sufficient information on obstetric complications to seek health care in time.
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