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Surgical Instruments and Terminology. 4-H Veterinary Science Extension Veterinary Medicine  Texas AgriLife Extension Service College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Science Texas A&M System http://aevm.tamu.edu. Objectives. Describe various surgical instruments

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surgical instruments and terminology

Surgical Instruments and Terminology

4-H Veterinary Science

Extension Veterinary Medicine 

Texas AgriLife Extension Service

College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Science

Texas A&M System

http://aevm.tamu.edu

objectives
Objectives
  • Describe various surgical instruments
  • Discuss the names of various surgical instruments
slide3
Perform surgical procedures
  • Chosen based on action
  • These tools are used for
    • Holding
    • Pulling
    • Clamping
    • Cutting
    • Crushing
    • Closing a wound
definitions
Definitions
  • Excision – removal of tissues by surgical cuts
  • Ecraseur – an instrument that permits excision by a crushing action
  • Incision – surgical cut made into a tissue of organ
  • Cannula – a tube that is inserted into a body cavity for drainage of fluid
scissors
Scissors
  • Four different types
    • Utility
    • Suture
    • Surgical
    • Dissecting
slide6
Utility
    • Cut material that may dull the blade
slide7
Suture
    • Remove sutures
    • Type of utility
slide8
Operating
    • Surgical
    • Cut soft tissue
    • Different sizes
    • Blade can be straight, curved, blunt or pointed
slide9
Dissecting
    • Separate and differentiate tissues
forceps
Forceps
  • Three Types
    • Thumb forceps
    • Clamping forceps
    • Needle holders
  • Look like tweezers
slide11
Thumb forceps
    • Used for
      • Grasping
      • Compressing
      • Cutting
      • Pulling tissue
slide12
Clamping forceps
    • Hemostats
    • Control blood flow
slide13
Needle holders
    • Locking forceps
    • Similar to hemostats
    • Holds suture needles when installing stitches
scalpels
Scalpels
  • Very sharp knife
  • Handle and blade are packaged separately
  • Used to make surgical cuts called incisions
  • Different sizes and styles
  • Tenotome- dissecting scalpel used for fine dissection and cutting or dividing tendons
tubes
Tubes
  • Cannula
  • Wound healing
  • Different lengths
  • Types
    • Trocar
    • Catheters
slide16
Trocar
    • Release fluid or gas build-ups
    • Sharp stylet inside cannula
slide17
Catheters
    • Either metal or rubber
    • Inserted into body structures