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Stairs Cleaning Robot. Connie Lisu Ahmad Naqeeb Yahya. Problem Statement. Many complaints arise because stairs can take many more hours to dry than do typical carpeted floors.

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stairs cleaning robot

Stairs Cleaning Robot

Connie Lisu

Ahmad NaqeebYahya

problem statement
Problem Statement
  • Many complaints arise because stairs can take many more hours to dry than do typical carpeted floors.
  • It's rare that the stairs receive the same treatment. Weeks, even months, can go by without stairs receiving a proper vacuuming.
  • Solid load builds up in stairs which can be extreme at times.
  • Designs for structured obstacles.
goals and objectives
Goals and Objectives
  • Primary Objective
    • Robot movement:
      • Sideways, Descent
      • Not tip over
  • Secondary Objective
    • Installing vacuum cleaner components
      • Roller brushes, suction cup, absorbent bag, filter

Kakudou, T. (2011) . Study on Mobile Mechanism for a Stair Cleaning Robot , Design of Translational Locomotion Mechanism . Department of Intelligent Mechanical Systems, Okayama University, Okayama 700-8530, Japan.

highlights of technologies and innovative ideas
Highlights of Technologies and Innovative Ideas
  • Rover 5 Motor Driver Board ROB-11593
    • H-Bridges
    • Four motor outputs; four encoder inputs
  • Vex Bumper Switches
    • SPST switch; 3-wire cable
    • Signal behavior: Maintains digital HIGH signal
  • Arduino Uno R3
    • Atmega328 microcontroller
    • 16Mhz clock speed, 14 I/O pins
  • Scissor Lift
    • Vex Gear Kit (12-, 36-, 60-, and 84-tooth gears)
    • Vex Metal and Hardware Kit (bars, shafts, bearings and etc)
system details i
System Details I
  • Rover 5 Motor Driver Board
    • Four pins are connected to Arduino Uno for motor directions and voltage control (PWM)
    • 6 x 1.5V NiMH as voltage source
    • One pin for current measurement
system details i1
System Details I
  • unsigned long start;inttime_to_go;void loop (){analogWrite (MOTORA, 200);analogWrite (MOTORB, 200);
  • analogWrite (MOTORC, 200);analogWrite (MOTORD, 200);   start = millis ();  // check current drain  while (millis () - start < time_to_go)    {    if (analogRead (0) > 325)  // > 1.46 amps      break;        }  switch (phase++ & 3)    {    case 0: digitalWrite (DIRECTIONA, 1); digitalWrite (DIRECTIONB, 1); time_to_go = TIME_FORWARDS;      break;
  •  case 1: digitalWrite (DIRECTIONC, 0); digitalWrite (DIRECTIOND, 0); time_to_go = TIME_BACKWARDS;      break;    } // end of switchanalogWrite (MOTORA, 0);analogWrite (MOTORB, 0);
  • analogWrite (MOTORC, 0);analogWrite (MOTORD, 0);   delay (500);}  // end of loop
system details ii
System Details II
  • Arduino Uno + Vex Bumper Switches:
    • 9V battery
    • Force on bumper switch changes the switch state
    • Bump on either switch will reverse the current direction of the motors
system details ii1
System Details II
  • #include <AFMotor.h>AF_DCMotor motor1(1,MOTOR12_64KHZ);AF_DCMotor motor2(2,MOTOR12_64KHZ);intsleft = 52; //left bumper switchintsright = 53; //right bumper switchintlval; //left switch stateintrval; //right switch statevoid setup(){Serial.begin(9600);Serial.println("Here we go!");pinMode(sleft,INPUT);pinMode(sright,INPUT);  motor1.setSpeed(255);  motor2.setSpeed(255);digitalWrite(sleft,LOW);digitalWrite(sright,LOW);}void loop(){lval = digitalRead(sleft);rval = digitalRead(sright);  while (lval == LOW,rval == LOW)  {    motor1.run(FORWARD);   motor2.run(FORWARD);  }
  •  if (lval == LOW,rval == HIGH)  {    motor1.run(BACKWARD);    motor2.run(BACKWARD);    delay(1500);    motor1.run(BACKWARD);    motor2.run(FORWARD);    delay(750);  }  if (lval == HIGH,rval == LOW)  {    motor1.run(BACKWARD);    motor2.run(BACKWARD);    delay(1500);    motor2.run(BACKWARD);    motor1.run(FORWARD);    delay(750);  }  if (lval == HIGH,rval == HIGH)  {Serial.print("WTF!!!");    delay(3000);    motor1.run(BACKWARD);    motor2.run(BACKWARD);    delay(1500);    motor1.run(BACKWARD);    motor2.run(FORWARD);    delay(2250);  }}
system details iii
System Details III
  • Scissor Lift
    • Metal framework that is able to move like several interconnected pairs of scissors in order to lift a platform.
    • This method will help the robot to move down the stairs.
system details iii1
System Details III
  • Kits
    • Vex Gear Kit
      • 12-, 36-, 60-, and 84-tooth gears
    • Vex Metal and Hardware Kit
      • Steel chassis, plates, bars, and gussets
      • Collars, shafts, bearings, and standoffs
      • Spacers, screws, nuts, and washers.
suggestions for future development
Suggestions For Future Development
  • Improving the scissor lift design so that the robot senses when the it touches the ground of the lower stairs.
  • Allowing the robot to detect and stop automatically on flat surfaces.
  • Improving the vacuum port design especially the roller brush so that it fits the stair treads.