parents and juvenile delinquency in the netherlands n.
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Parents and juvenile delinquency in the Netherlands
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  1. Parents and juvenile delinquency in the Netherlands Maison de la Chimie, Paris 21 January 2008 Peter van der Laan University of Amsterdam & Netherlands Institute for the Study of Crime and Law Enforcement

  2. Delinquency prevention and juvenile justice policies in the 1980s and 1990s • Minimal intervention • Juvenile responsible • Children’s rights

  3. Juvenile justice practice • Number and length of penal sanctions limited • Strong increase of community sanctions at various levels (police, prosecutor, court): community service and training programmes • Procedures similar to adult procedures

  4. Parents • Role of parents acknowledged from the beginning of the 20st century • Responsibility of parents increasingly mentioned last decade

  5. Background • Social control theory and developmental and life course model to explain juvenile delinquency • Includes risk factor model • Family important risk factor domain

  6. Risk factors • Poor parenting • Abuse and neglect • Violence between parents • Criminal parents en delinquent siblings

  7. Measures related to parents • Supervision order • Release of parental rights • Invitation to attend court proceedings • Formally agree to community sanctions

  8. New ideas • Parenting support programmes • From voluntary to compulsory (imposed): from crime prevention to (penal or administrative) sanction • Financial liability: proposal to set age at 17 • Suggestion to limit child benefits

  9. Dilemmas • Repressive tendencies in society and politics • Addressing other risk factor domains • Parenting as a dynamic risk factor • Effectiveness of parenting and other interventions