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Blueprint for Developing a School Food Safety Program. Course Objective. Develop a written food safety plan for each school food preparation and service site based on the Process Approach to HACCP principles.

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course objective
Course Objective

Develop a written food safety plan for each school food preparation and service site based on the Process Approach to HACCP principles

public law 108 265 amended section 9 h of the richard b russell national school lunch act
Public Law 108-265Amended section 9(h) of the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act

Section 111. Food Safety

  • (5) School Food Safety Program –

Each school food authority shall implement a school food safety program in the preparation and service of each meal served to children, that complies with any Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point system established by the Secretary.

other reauthorization requirements related to food safety
A report on the most recent inspection must now be posted in a ‘publicly visible location.’

Copies of the report must be provided to members of the public upon request.

The required number of health inspections per year was increased from 1 to 2.

Other Reauthorization Requirements Related to Food Safety
why are we being asked to do this
Why are we being asked to do this?
  • Children are more at risk.
  • Food has many opportunities for contamination.
  • Microorganisms continue to evolve.
  • New microorganisms have been discovered in recent years.
  • We have too much at stake.
tools
Tools
  • “Guidance for School Food Authorities: Developing a School Food Safety Program Based on the Process Approach to HACCP Principles.” USDA FNS June 2005. (79 pages)
  • http://www.fns.usda.gov/cnd/CNlabeling/Food-Safety/HACCPGuidance.pdf
tools7
Tools
  • “HACCP Based Standard Operating Procedures”, National Food Service Management Institute, 2005. (115 pages)
  • http://sop.nfsmi.org/HACCPBasedSOPs/HACCPBasedSOPs.doc
michigan department of agriculture
Michigan Department of Agriculture
  • www.michigan.gov/mda

Click on Food & Agribusiness

Click on Food Safety

Click on Food Law

* 12 Food Law Fact Sheets (based on 1999 FDA Food Code adopted by MI)

Click on Other Documents

* 1-6 are good references

what is haccp
Stands for Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point.

Was designed in the 1960s to create 100% risk-free food for U.S. astronauts.

Is preventative rather than reactive.

Is a common-sense approach to food safety.

What is HACCP?
definitions
Definitions

Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP)

A prevention-based food safety program that identifies and monitors specific food safety hazards that can adversely affect the safety of food products by focusing on each step of the food preparation process.

definitions11
Definitions

HACCP Plan

A written document that is based on the principles of HACCP and describes the procedures to be followed to ensure the control of a specific process or procedure.

control measures
Control Measures

Definition:

Any action or activity that can be used to prevent, eliminate or reduce an identified hazard. Control measures determined to be essential for food safety are applied at critical control points in the flow of food.

Examples of control measures are: SOPs,

Critical Control Point (CCPs) or Critical Limits

standard operating procedures sops
Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs)
  • Definition of SOP:

A written method of controlling a practice in accordance with predetermined specifications to obtain a desired outcome.

critical control point ccp
Critical Control Point (CCP)
  • Definition of CCP:

An operational step in a food preparation process at which a control measure can be applied and is essential to prevent or eliminate a hazard or reduce it to an acceptable level.

critical limit
Critical Limit
  • Definition of Critical Limit:

One or more prescribed parameters that must be met to ensure a CCP effectively controls a hazard.

preliminary steps for building the program
Preliminary Steps for Building the Program
  • Have a firm foundation in place
  • Perform Baseline Assessment
    • Prerequisite Program Checklist
    • Food Safety and HACCP SOP Checklist
steps to develop a school food safety program

HACCP

Steps to Develop a School FoodSafety Program
  • Develop, document & implement SOPs
  • Identify & document menu items according to Process Approach
  • Identify & document Control Measures and Critical Limits
  • Establish monitoring procedures
  • Establish corrective action
  • Keep records
  • Review & revise
step one standard operating procedures sops
Step One: Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs)
  • Remember – SOPs have already been developed by NFSMI. You just need to customize them!
slide19
SOPs

Determine which SOPs are needed for each site serving food

Suggestion:

- Assign each site manager the task of putting together a SOP manual for their site

nfsmi sample sop
NFSMI Sample SOP

Washing Hands

(Sample SOP)

PURPOSE: To prevent foodborne illness by contaminated hands.

SCOPE: This procedure applies to anyone who handle, prepare, and serve food.

KEY WORDS: Handwashing, Cross-Contamination

INSTRUCTIONS:

  • Train foodservice employees on using the procedures in this SOP.
  • Follow State or local health department requirements.
  • Post handwashing signs or posters in a language understood by all foodservice staff near all handwashing sinks, in food preparation areas, and restrooms.
  • Use designated handwashing sinks for handwashing only. Do not use food
step two categorize menu items according to process approach
Step Two: Categorize Menu Items According to Process Approach

Categorize menu items into one of three processes:

1. Process 1 – No Cook

2. Process 2 – Cook and Serve Same Day

3. Process 3 – Complex Food Preparation

the division of foods is based on complete trips through the temperature danger zone

Complex

Process 3

No Cook

Process 1

Same Day

Process 2

The Division of Foods is Based on Complete Trips Through theTemperature Danger Zone

140oF

2

1

0

3

1

41oF

the other category
The “Other” Category
  • Foods that can be left out of the 3 processes
    • Breads (without cheese)
    • Baked desserts such as cookies, cakes and brownies (i.e. those without fruit or custard)
    • Other non-potentially hazardous foods that are not associated with foodborne illnesses
    • Just handle with SOPs
potentially hazardous foods
Potentially Hazardous Foods

Any food or food ingredient capable of supporting rapid growth of microorganisms.

  • Raw or cooked foods of animal origin
    • meats, poultry, dairy, eggs, fish, seafood
  • Cooked foods of plant origin
    • Vegetables such as potatoes and beans
    • Starches such as rice and pasta
  • Some other foods
    • cut melons, garlic in oil, tofu
control measures for process 1 no cook

ALL

Washing Hands, Using Suitable Utensils When Handling Ready-to-Eat Foods, Personal Hygiene, Storing & Using Poisonous or Toxic Chemicals, Using & Calibrating a Food Thermometer

RECEIVE

Receiving Deliveries

STORE

Preventing Cross Contamination During Storage (and Preparation)

PREPARE

Preventing Cross-Contamination During (Storage and) Preparation, Cleaning & Sanitizing Food Contact Surfaces, Washing Fresh Fruits & Vegetables

COLD HOLD

CCP: Hold at or below 41 degrees F. Check & Record Temperatures.

SERVE

Serving Food, Preventing Cross-Contamination at Food Bars

Control MeasuresforProcess#1No Cook

Example:

Deli Meat

control measures for process 2 cook serve same day

ALL

Washing Hands, Using Suitable Utensils When Handling Ready-to-Eat Foods, Personal Hygiene, Storing & Using Poisonous or Toxic Chemicals, Using & Calibrating a Food Thermometer

RECEIVE

Receiving Deliveries

STORE

Preventing Cross Contamination During Storage (and Preparation)

PREPARE

Preventing Cross-Contamination During (Storage and) Preparation, Cleaning & Sanitizing Food Contact Surfaces, Washing Fresh Fruits & Vegetables

COOK

CCP: Cook to Minimum Internal Temperatures for at Least 15 Seconds. Check & Record Temperatures

HOT HOLD

CCP: Hold At or Above 140 Degrees F. Check & Record Temperatures.

SERVE

Serving Food, Preventing Cross-Contamination at Food Bars

Control MeasuresforProcess#2Cook & Serve Same Day

Example:

Chicken Nuggets

control measures for process 3 complex

ALL

Washing Hands, Using Suitable Utensils When Handling Ready-to-Eat Foods, Personal Hygiene, Storing & Using Poisonous or Toxic Chemicals, Using & Calibrating a Food Thermometer

RECEIVE

Receiving Deliveries

STORE

Preventing Cross Contamination During Storage (and Preparation)

PREPARE

Preventing Cross-Contamination During (Storage and) Preparation, Cleaning & Sanitizing Food Contact Surfaces, Washing Fresh Fruits & Vegetables

COOK

CCP: Cook to Minimum Internal Temperatures for at Least 15 Seconds. Check & Record Temperatures

COOL

CCP: Cool to Internal Temperature of 70 Degrees F or Less within 2 hours & to 41 Degrees F or less within an Additional 4 hours. Check & Record Temperatures.

REHEAT

CCP: Reheat to Internal Temperature of 165 Degrees or More within 2 hours. Check & Record Temperatures.

HOT HOLD

CCP: Hold At or Above 140 Degrees F. Check & Record Temperatures.

SERVE

Serving Food, Preventing Cross-Contamination at Food Bars

Control MeasuresforProcess#3Complex

Example:

Leftovers

step 4 establish monitoring procedures
Step 4: Establish Monitoring Procedures
  • Why should monitoring take place?
    • To ensure that the written HACCP plan is being followed correctly and is working well
  • How will monitoring be done?
    • Observations, check sheets, signing off on logs
  • Who will monitor?
    • Supervisory or other designated employees
  • How often will they monitor?
    • As needed - continuously, daily, weekly, monthly
step 5 establish corrective actions
Step 5: Establish Corrective Actions
  • What is a corrective action?
    • A planned step you take when a food does not meet a critical limit
  • Key features of corrective actions
    • Measurable, specific, based on facts, appropriate for normal working conditions
  • Goal of corrective action
    • Determine and eliminate the cause
    • Bring the CCP within critical limits
    • Prevent the deviation from reoccurring
    • Ensure safety of the food served
step 5 establish corrective actions32
Step 5: Establish Corrective Actions

Summary of Corrective Actions for HACCP-Based SOPs

- Sample shown on pages 34-39 are printed from NFSMI manual (pages 99-104)

- Remember to change any temperatures to reflect 1999 Food Code

step 6 keep records
Step 6: Keep Records
  • How often do you need to record these things?
    • Throughout the day, daily, weekly, monthly
  • What do you need to keep a record of?
    • Corrective action
    • Thermometer calibration
    • Checklists used to monitor food safety
    • Food safety training completed
    • Temperatures
      • At receiving
      • Of storage areas – Refrigerators, freezers, dry storage
      • Of food – end of cooking & reheating, while holding, serving & cooling
step 7 review revise the system and plan
Step 7: Review & Revise the System and Plan
  • Annually
  • What is working?
  • What isn’t?
  • How can your HACCP system be better?
after this class
After this class…
  • Complete the pre-requisite checklist developed by Iowa State University.
  • Plan a time to train your staff on the new requirements.
  • Start writing a Food Safety Plan for each of your production kitchens and serving sites that participates in the NSLP or SBP.
food safety training resources
Food Safety Training Resources
  • National Food Service Management Institute
  • Thermometer Information Resource
  • http://www.nfsmi.org/Information/thermometer_resource.html
food safety training resources38
Food Safety Training Resources
  • Local Health Departments
  • http://www.malph.org/
  • Click on Directory to find the contact information for county health departments
food safety training resources39
Food Safety Training Resources
  • Register for Food Safety and Sanitation classes through Education and Training Connection:
  • http://www.etc-1.com/foodserv.htm
food safety training resources40
Food Safety Training Resources
  • National Food Service Management Institute
  • Serving It Safe, 2nd edition
  • http://www.nfsmi.org/Information/sisindex.html
food safety training resources41
Food Safety Training Resources
  • National Food Service Management Institute
  • Wash Your Hands
  • http://www.nfsmi.org/Information/handsindex.html
additional training
Additional Training
  • The Statewide Training Program for School Nutrition Professionals offers a 3 hour course “Blueprint for Developing a School Food Safety Plan”
  • Access the Statewide Training Program web page at:

www.etc-1.com

additional training43
Additional Training
  • Information on the Statewide Training Program web page includes:
    • Current course schedule & calendar
    • Forms for class registration
    • Class scheduling forms
    • List of qualified instructors
    • Course fact sheets
mde contact
MDE Contact
  • Questions regarding the required School Food Safety Program can be directed to Linda Stull at:

Stulll@michigan.gov

or

(517) 241-3884