Autism • By: Mike Land
Defined • Autism means there is a developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and nonverbal communication and social interaction, which adversely affects a child’s educational performance.
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) • Autism is a general term for the spectrum of disabilities
History • 1943 – Leo Kranner formally documented Autism • 1960 – 4 to 5 cases reported per 10,000 individuals • 1990 – prevalence rose to 5 to 31 cases reported per 10,000 individuals • Autism added as category under IDEA Initially, extreme cases were taught in an alternative setting, moderate cases in a special education setting, and undiagnosed students were taught in the regular classroom.
“Tackling” ASD • Internal • External
Accommodations and Modifications • Additional time to complete assignments • More time in taking tests • Alternative tests or assessments • Slower-paced instruction • Shorter or different assignments • Modified tests • Modified grading standards • Tests read to students • Modifications to physical aspects of the classroom
Continued… • More frequent feedback • Learning strategies/study skills assistance • A peer tutor • Self-advocacy training • Tutoring by an adult • Additional monitoring by a special education teacher, teacher’s aide, instructional assistant, or other personal aide
Works Cited • Bland, PH.D. , J. (2008). Functional medicine: The way to treat autism now. Autism Advocate, (1), 26-31. • Doyle, B. T., & Iland, E. D. (2004). Autism spectrum disorders (asd): Myths and facts. Retrieved from http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&ved=0CDUQFjAA&url=http://www.asdatoz.com/Documents/website-%20ASD%20myths%20and%20facts%20ltrhd.pdf&ei=7bGwUf-mI6_PywGIiIDICQ&usg=AFQjCNE_ROEsYamA071lpQ6Yp3JEVgM2Jg&sig2=cqnonYEb968nst1CX6IG6Q&bvm=bv.47534661,d.aWc • U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2), Wave 1 student’s school program survey, 2002.