Corruption. By :Ronald Wee, Edward Tan, Jonas Ng, Samuel W ong. What is corrupt government?.
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By :Ronald Wee, Edward Tan,
Jonas Ng, Samuel Wong
A bribe is a payment given personally to a government official in exchange of his use of official powers.
Trading in influence, or influence peddling in certain countries, refers to the situation where a person is selling his/her influence over the decision process involving a third party.
Patronage refers to favouring supporters, for example with government employment.
Favouring relatives or personal friends of an official is a form of illegitimate private gain.
Electoral fraud is illegal interference with the process of an election. Acts of fraud affect vote counts to bring about an election result, whether by increasing the vote share of the favoured candidate, depressing the vote share of the rival candidates, or both.
Embezzlement is outright theft of entrusted funds. It is a misappropriation of property.
A kickback is an official's share of misappropriated funds allocated from his or her organization to an organization involved in corrupt bidding.
An unholy alliance is a coalition among seemingly antagonistic groups, especially if one is religious, for ad hoc or hidden gain.
The following conditions are favourable for corruption: