Seven Guidelines for Teaching ESL. Language Teaching Guiding Principles. Principles. Theory of Language & Culture. Classroom Teaching. Guidelines. Guidelines. 1. Oral Language Instruction: The approach to all foreign language learning should be primarily oral.
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Theory of Language & Culture
1. Oral Language Instruction:
The approach to all foreign language learning should be primarily oral.
2. Active Instruction:
Active methods of teaching should be used as much as possible.
3. Use L2 Target Language in Teaching:
The greatest possible use of the foreign language (English) should be used in the classroom.
4. Teach Formative, Not Only Summative:
The difficulties of the foreign language in pronunciation, vocabulary, grammar, fluency, etc. should be carefully graded for proper presentation in the class.
5. Imparting Skills:
Language teaching should be seen more as imparting a skill than transmitting information.
6. Remain Flexible:
TESOL should always remain flexible! Flexibility is one of the greatest allies in good TESOL instruction.
7. Encourage Student Self-Motivation:
Have as a goal to produce independent language producers in the target language.
1. Oral Language Instruction
2. Active Instruction
3. Use L2 Target Language in Teaching
4. Teach Formative, Not Only Summative
5. Imparting Skills
6. Remain Flexible
7. Encourage Student Self-Motivation
These seven guidelines should be used to shape and refine our classroom teaching.
Knowing these guidelines can help the teacher to fulfill or accomplish the task of teaching English to speakers of other languages.