Pregnant and Parenting Students. Stacy Ferguson Escamilla & Poneck, LLP. Pregnancy Is the Most Common Family –Related Reason …. As Of Oct.2009: Were Not Enrolled in High School And Had Not Earned A High School Diploma or Alternate Credential
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Escamilla & Poneck, LLP
of These Conditions
and Enrichment Opportunities
Must Provide Clear Information About:
Pregnancy Education and Parenting (PEP) Program
Not Talking About Discussions with Parents
Purchasing of Pregnancy Testing Kits with Tax Payer Dollars
Making Testing Available to Minors without Parent Approval Before Hand
Minors Can Consent to Medical Treatment Related to Pregnancy
Parents and Community Are Unaware
Policies/Procedures Don’t Mention It
15 Year Old Student
Nurse Recommended Pregnancy Test
Nurse Waited Outside Bathroom Door
Tacit Acceptance By Student
Student Felt Forced
Worried About Disciplinary Action If She Refused
Coach Suspicious of Pregnancy
Never Tried To Talk to Student or Her Parents Directly
Threatened Gruenke with Removal for Swim Competition if She Refused
Words of Wisdom: “In Loco Parentis” Does Not Mean Displace Parents
Counseling Students on Private Family Matters Can Overstep Boundaries of School Authority
Recommend Involvement of Student’s Parent or Guardian
New York Case:
Report to Social Worker
Encourage Voluntary Disclosure
Reveal Pregnancy To Parents
Forms of Harassing Conduct:
Schools Must Take:
Must School Districts Provide Services to Prenatal Students:or Postpartum Pregnant Students Enrolled in the District’s Juvenile Justice Alternative Education Program (JJAEP)?
Mandatory component districts offer in a PRS program.
Provides academic services to the student at home or hospital bedside when a valid medical necessity for confinementduring the pregnancy prenatal or postpartum periods prevents the student from attending classes on a district campus.
Must consist of face-to-face instruction by a certified teacher of the district.
Substitute teachers can be used to provide CEHI; however, the individual selected as the substitute must be a certified teacher.
Log to document the actual amount of prenatal and postpartum CEHI each student receivesmust be maintained.
PRS program = optional
CEHI services = not optional for a PRS Program
Other support services = Optional for a PRS Program
2.41 PRS weighted funding while Pregnancy Related Services are being provided to the student.
Documentation by campus officials, licensed medical practitioners, and certified teachers is required to claim PRS eligible days present for funding
Students who do not come to school and who do not receive CEHI and/or special education homebound services must be counted absent in accordance with the charts provided in this section.
Optional components of a PRS program that may be provided to the student during the prenatal period of the pregnancy while the student is attending school.
May be provided during the prenatal or postpartum periods of pregnancy while the student is confined at home or hospital bedside and receiving CEHI.
Supplemental in nature and should not take priority over or interfere with the academic services the student receives.
counseling services, including the initial session when the student discloses the pregnancy
health services, including services from the school nurse and certified athletic trainer
transportation for the student and/or the student’s child(ren) to school, child care facility, community service agencies, health services, etc.
instruction (inside or outside the classroom) related to parenting knowledge and skills, including child development, home and family living, and appropriate job readiness training
child care for the student's child or children
case management and service coordination (assistance in obtaining services from government agencies and community service organizations)