Parenting and attachment
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Parenting and Attachment. The bonding process of mother and father to infant. Phases of attachment. Introductory bonding initial contact Acquaintance phase first week mutual regulation 2-6 wks reciprocity 6 wks and beyond. Events affecting attachment. Prior to pregnancy

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Presentation Transcript
Parenting and attachment

Parenting and Attachment

The bonding process of mother and father to infant


Phases of attachment
Phases of attachment

  • Introductory bonding

    • initial contact

  • Acquaintance phase

    • first week

  • mutual regulation

    • 2-6 wks

  • reciprocity

    • 6 wks and beyond


Events affecting attachment
Events affecting attachment

  • Prior to pregnancy

    • beliefs, planning

  • During pregnancy

    • confirming, accepting, quickening.fetal identity

  • Intrapartum

    • preparation, emotional state

  • Postpartum

    • birth, seeing baby, touching, giving care


Factors hindering attachment

Unwanted pregnancy

difficult pregnancy or labor

stress during pregnancy

anesthesia

sick or deformed infant

C-section

Busy L&D,rigid policies or routines

no rooming in

separation from infant

maternal complications

no support systems

negative comments

Factors hindering attachment


Factors enhancing attachment
Factors enhancing attachment

  • Planned pregnancy

  • baby close to “ideal”

  • right gender

  • prepared childbirth

  • easy labor

  • no complications

  • good feeder

  • staff compliance, support

  • compliments

  • support systems


Signs of attachment
Signs of attachment

  • Names baby before birth or shortly after

  • Wants to hold, feed, room in with infant

  • When holding infant is focused on baby, not on phone, visitors, self or TV

  • Calls infant by name, makes eye contact

  • Identifies distinguishing characteristics which are “just like his father”, or brother, etc.


Terminology
Terminology

Attachment--mother to infant bonding

Engrossment--father to infant bonding

Entrainment--the postural adjustments mother and baby make to each other

Celebrating--relive birth experience with themselves and with others, happy excitement


Mother to infant infant to mother

Touch--typical pattern

look--en face

voice--high pitched

entrainment

time (biorhythms)

lymphocytes and macrophages

flora

odor

heat

eye to eye

cry

entrainment

oxytocin

odor

prolactin

Mother to infant infant to mother


Typical mother behavior patterns with infant
Typical mother behavior patterns with infant

  • Crooning voice

  • high pitched talk

  • finger tip touching

  • examines extremities

  • palmar enfolding of trunk

  • holds baby close to body

  • en face position


Father to infant behavior
Father to infant behavior

  • Finger pokes

  • kitchy kitchy koo

  • playful

  • holds baby out but facing his face

  • roughhouse as baby gets older, more with male children


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