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Poverty Awareness. South Carolina Cross Cultural Conference. Mr. James T. Darby, Jr. Executive Director Santee-Lynches Regional Council of Governments. Generational Poverty and Situational Poverty are Different

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poverty awareness

Poverty Awareness

South Carolina

Cross Cultural Conference

Mr. James T. Darby, Jr.

Executive Director

Santee-Lynches Regional Council of Governments

slide2
Generational Poverty and Situational Poverty are Different

“Generational poverty is defined as being in poverty for two generations or longer. Situational poverty exists for a shorter time and is caused by circumstances like death, illness, or divorce.”

Source:

No Child Left Behind: How do you Develop Intellectual Capital in Children from Poverty

Payne, Ruby K.; Founder of aha! Process, Inc. News, Highland, Texas

slide3
“The environment of generational poverty (two generations or more) requires that an individual become reactive, sensory-based (physical) and dependent on non-verbals as a primary information source because those three things help one survive the environment.”

Source:

No Child Left Behind: How do you Develop Intellectual Capital in Children from Poverty

Payne, Ruby K.; Founder of aha! Process, Inc. News, Highland, Texas

comparison of rural and urban tax base millage value against s c median
Comparison of Rural and Urban Tax Base Millage Value Against S.C. Median

Source: S. C. Association of Counties

slide8

Threshold

Counties (4)

Average 22.3%

Persistent Poverty

(12)

Average 12.7%

Other

(34)

slide11
“Two nations, between whom there is no intercourse and no sympathy; who are as ignorant of each other’s habits, thoughts, and feelings as if they were dwellers in different zones, or inhabitants of different planets; who are formed by a different breeding, are fed by a different food, are ordered by different manners, and are not governed by the same laws … the rich and the poor.”

1845 , Benjamin Disraeli

British Prime Minister and author

Source:

The Impact of Poverty: The Poor Among Us; Leslie Cantu, Senior Staff Writer

The Item, October 8, 2006

projected under 18 65 over population 2030
Projected Under 18, 65 & Over Population (2030)

Source: U.S. Census Bureau Projections

slide13
The U.S. labor force totaling 165 million people in the year 2021, will not include any child born in 2006 or later. It will, however include nearly 100 million people who today are already out of school and at work. About two-thirds of these workers are likely to be part of the active workforce at least through the next decade.

Source:

Tough Choices or Tough Times

National Center on Education and the Economy, 2007.

slide16
“African Americans today can serve as secretary of state, CEO of a major corporation, president of an Ivy League university, chief surgeon at a major hospital. But their access to positions of power and prestige – and to well-paying jobs in general – will be limited if they typically leave high school with an eighth-grade education.”

No Excuses, Closing the Racial Gap in Leaving, Abigail Thernstrom and Stephan Thernstrom

Simon and Schuster Paperbacks, 2003

high school non completers
High School Non-Completers

For purposes of this report, we have used the South Carolina Kids Count definition of non-completer/dropout: eighth grade students not enrolled in grade 12 four years later.

dropout percentages for south carolina clarendon county and lee county
Dropout Percentages for South Carolina, Clarendon County, and Lee County

AA&O = African-American and Others

slide19
According to author Ruby K. Payne, ‘being poor brings out a survival mentality, and turns attention away from opportunities taken for granted by the middle class and wealthy.’

Source:

A Framework for Understanding Poverty; Payne, Ruby K.

Aha! Process, Inc. News, Highland, Texas

slide20
“The environment of generational poverty (two generations or more) requires that an individual become reactive, sensory-based (physical) and dependent on non-verbals as a primary information source because those three things help on survive the environment.”

Source:

No Child Left Behind: How do you Develop Intellectual Capital in Children from Poverty

Payne, Ruby K.; Founder of aha! Process, Inc. News, Highland, Texas

slide21
“Planning is key to the tasks that get finished and to the control of impulsivity. Even more importantly, brain research indicates that the primary filter for what gets noticed by the mind is closely correlated with the goals of the person. So when there is no planning, there are no goals. Emotional need or association, then, determines activities.”

Source:

No Child Left Behind: How do you Develop Intellectual Capital in Children from Poverty

Payne, Ruby K.; Founder of aha! Process, Inc. News, Highland, Texas

slide22
“Being proactive (ability to plan), verbal (use of specific language) and abstract (ability to represent the sensory) are all learned. They can be taught. Many students who are assigned to special education are from poverty and cannot do these three things. Rather than teach these things, educators tend to assign the student to a different placement.”

Source:

No Child Left Behind: How do you Develop Intellectual Capital in Children from Poverty

Payne, Ruby K.; Founder of aha! Process, Inc. News, Highland, Texas

slide23
“To survive in the school and work environment, one needs to be proactive, verbal and abstract.”

Source:

No Child Left Behind: How do you Develop Intellectual Capital in Children from Poverty

Payne, Ruby K.; Founder of aha! Process, Inc. News, Highland, Texas

the region s population is aging clarendon kershaw lee and sumter counties
The Region’s Population is AgingClarendon, Kershaw, Lee and Sumter Counties

Source: US Census Bureau – 1950-2000 Census

There is also a racial dimension to the potential lack of sufficient young workers to replace the aging workforce. While the African-American population accounts for 44.2% of the region’s total population, they account for 55% of the region’s youth 18 years and under.

aging population cont
Aging Population (cont.)

The African American portion of the area’s population is significantly younger than the White population. Therefore, African Americans will make up a disproportionately larger share of the future labor force available to fill the jobs vacated by retiring workers. This will require a much greater commitment on the part of the minority youth, local educators and business leaders to insure that these young people are fully prepared to meet this situation.

weighing the costs incarceration versus education
WEIGHING THE COSTSINCARCERATION - VERSUS - EDUCATION

1 Adult Inmate 1 Juvenile 1 Student

Incarcerated Incarcerated Educated

In State In State In State

$41.52/day $135/day $21.26/day

$15,156/year $49,275/year $7,759/year

THE DIFFERENCES

Juvenile/StudentAdult Inmate/Student

Cost per day more than Cost per day nearly double

six times expensive (1.95 times as expensive)

Sources: S.C. Department of Corrections, S.C. Department of Juvenile Justice,

S. C. Department of Education

no more applause for predicting rain only for building arks

“No more applause for predicting rain, only for building arks”

Don Carstensen

Interim Vice President

Workforce Development Division

American College Testing system (ACT)

From speech at 2007 Southeastern WorkKeys Conference Charleston, SC