CDMA / EVDO/ LTE Interoperability and migration plans B.V.Raman CDMA Development Group firstname.lastname@example.org Colombo, Sri Lanka, 7-10 April 2009
Key Messages • CDMA and OFDM are different technologies with different capabilities • CDMA2000® offers high-performance mobile broadband and voice services today and will continue to be enhanced to provide greater broadband speeds and voice capacity • OFDM leverages wider-bandwidths up to 20 MHz to provide greater speed and capacity • OFDM-based backhaul, broadcast and broadband networks will complement CDMA2000 • Augmenting CDMA2000 in high-tele density areas and leveraging CDMA2000’s ubiquitous coverage with multimode devices to provide seamless continuity of services Notes: 1. OFDM is the air interface used by WLAN, mobile broadcast and next-generation mobile broadband technologies (LTE, etc.) 2. 4G will be defined by the ITU-R as a result of the IMT.Advanced standardization effort.
Key Messages (Contd…) • Global mass market adoption timingof wider-bandwidth OFDM-based solutions will vary from Market to Market • Wider-bandwidth spectrum availability will drive OFDM-based network deployments • Mass market adoption of OFDM-based solutions will depend on ubiquitous coverage, low-cost handset availability, VoIP replacing circuit-switch voice services and roaming Notes: 1. OFDM is the air interface used by WLAN, mobile broadcast and next-generation mobile broadband technologies (LTE, etc.) 2. 4G will be defined by the ITU-R as a result of the IMT.Advanced standardization effort.
Key Messages (Contd…) • Meanwhile, EV-DO offers substantial long-term industry valueby remaining the core technology driving most operators’ ARPUwell into the next decade • CDMA2000 operators will be among the firstenabled to augment their networks with by wider-bandwidth OFDM-based solutions • CDMA2000WorldModeTM devices will enable this competitive advantage • CDMA2000 networks will be interoperable with OFDM-based radio technologies • No need to deploy GSM or UMTS to obtain this advantage Notes: 1. OFDM is the air interface used by WLAN, mobile broadcast and next-generation mobile broadband technologies (LTE, etc.) 2. 4G will be defined by the ITU-R as a result of the IMT.Advanced standardization effort.
CDMA and OFDM-based Technologies CDMA and OFDM are different technologies with different capabilities Wide bandwidth OFDM-based networks will complement 3G broadband networks for Broadband Backhaul Broadcast Additional Broadband Capacity MFLO DVB-H ISDB-T T-DMB S-DMB WiMAX (802.16d) LTE Mobile WiMAX (802.16e/m) Wi-Fi (802.11n) OFDM leverages wider-bandwidths up to 20 MHz
Next Generation Broadband Business Case 3G is generating the demand and proving the business case for Next-G Business Applications** Broadcast HDTV* Fixed Broadband Access Mobile Broadband Consumer Electronics Concurrent Services**** Ultra Mobile Portable Computers Push-to-Media (SWIS)*** The business case for wider-bandwidth mobile broadband networks is being created and validated by Rev. A * Including broadcasting content to motor vehicles ** Including video telephony, distance learning, remote medicine and other video-enabled field services *** See What I See (SWIS) **** For example, telephony, chat, push-to-talk, data casting, position location and mobile commerce during 3D multiplayer gaming.
OFDMA Broadband Overlay Timeline OFDM-based solutions will be built-out over time as demand grows and spectrum becomes available 3G CDMA WAN Coverage Today Next 10 years (Coexistence) OFDM Hotzone OFDM Hotzone 3G CDMA 3G CDMA OFDM Hotzone Beyond 10 years (Migration) OFDMA WAN Coverage • 3G CDMA WAN networks will coexist with OFDM-based solutions until • next generation broadband networks are fully capable of delivering: • Ubiquitous coverage • Carrier-grade VoIP • Low-cost devices * • Global roaming * * Harmonization of spectrum for OFDM-based solutions will be necessary to build economies of scale and enable global roaming
e.g., Quadruple voice capacity2 (1.25 MHz, FDD) 35 calls/sector DL: 153 kbps UL: 153 kbps (1.25 MHz, FDD) 35 -55 calls/sector1 DL: 153 kbps UL: 153 kbps (1.25 MHz, FDD) 1xEV-DO Rev. A DL: 9.33 Mbps UL: 5.4 Mbps (5 MHz, FDD) e.g., DL data rates up tp 40 Mbps5 (4 x1.25 MHz carriers, FDD) CDMA2000 Roadmap CDMA2000 offers a long-term evolutionary path forward CDMA2000 1X 1X Enhancements CDMA2000 Roadmap VoIP EV-DO Enhancements 1xEV-DO Rel. 0 Multicarrier EV-DO Rev. B S/W H/W DL: 2.4 Mbps UL: 153 kbps (1.25 MHz, FDD) DL: 3.1 Mbps UL: 1.8 Mbps (1.25 MHz, FDD) DL: 14.74 Mbps UL: 5.4 Mbps (5 MHz, FDD) 2011+ 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2010 2009 1Capacity increase to 55 users per sector (1.25MHz BW) with new EVRV-B codec and handset interference cancellation (QLIC). 2 Capacity increase of more than double 35 calls/sector is primarily due to UL and DL interference cancellation and mobile receive diversity 3 Peak rate for 3 EV-DO carriers with software upgrade. Standard supports up to 15 aggregated Rev. A carriers 4 Peak rate for 3 EV-DO carriers with 64QAM in the DL. Standard supports up to 15 aggregated Rev A carriers 5 EV-DO Enhancements include Femtocell support, MIMO and 64QAM in the DL and 16 QAM in the UL to enable peak data rates shown within4 EV-DO carriers
High-capacity, multi-purpose All-IP networks lower the total cost of network ownership and enable a larger selection of revenue streams 4X 1X Enhancements increase CDMA’s already excellent voice capacity Number of Simultaneous Voice Calls per Sector
CDMA2000 Roadmap CDMA2000: Flexible Migration Path CDMA2000 allows operators the flexibility to design an evolution path that meets their unique needs 1.25 MHz Channel CDMA2000 1X 1X Enhanced 1xEV-DO Rel. 0 1xEV-DO Rev. A Scalable up to 20 MHz EV-DO Rev. B DO Enhanced 2011+ 2010 2006 2007 2008 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2000 2009
1xEV-DO Rel. 0 Coexistence of CDMA and OFDM CDMA2000 will be complemented with OFDM-based solutions in many markets CDMA2000 Evolution Path CDMA2000 1X 1X Enhancements Multicarrier EV-DO Rev. B 1xEV-DO Rev. A EV-DO Enhancements OFDMA Broadband Technologies LTE or Mobile WiMAX (802.16e) 802.16m 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2011+ 2010 2001 2009 Complementary CDMA and OFDM Solutions
Graceful CDMA to LTE EvolutionStandards alignment, driven by service providers • CDMA2000 core networks with IMS and VCC will play a key role in expanding 3G and 4G deployments • e.g. Seamless call handoffs between 2G, 3G and 4G networks • e.g. EV-DO and LTE femtocells • CDMA2000 operators will be among the first to deploy LTE • CDG’s evolution, device and roaming teams are working to ensure interoperability IP Core Networks and VCC Bridge CDMA and LTE
CDMA vs. OFDMA CDMA CDMA and OFDMA are different technologies with different capabilities OFDM-based Technologies Codes are spread over channel Sub-carriers are independent over the channel and scale with additional bandwidth 5 MHz 10MHz 15MHz 20MHz 1.25MHz CDMA2000 1X and EV-DO are more efficient in bandwidths up to 5 MHz OFDMA-based solutions offers a simpler implementation inbandwidths greater than 10 MHz
Spectrum Flexibility CDMA2000 1X and EV-DO offer operators the flexibility to uniquely service diverse market demands CDMA2000 offers operators the flexibility to meet incremental market demands Rev. B Increasing Demand for Data Services Rev. A Rev. A Rev. A 1X 1.25MHz 1.25MHz 1.25MHz 1.25MHz 1.25MHz 1.25MHz 10 MHz Rev. A Rev. A 1X 1.25MHz 1.25MHz 1.25MHz 5MHz Rev. A 1X 1.25MHz 1.25MHz 1X 1.25MHz Clearing spectrum and deploying smaller carriers is easier and more affordable
Advanced Convergence Network Architecture An evolution to a “flexible” and “flat” IP-based network architecture CDMA2000 networks will support both legacy and advanced IP network architectures IP Network (Ethernet) Gateway Internet PSTN IMS Next generation broadband technologies will be integrated into CDMA2000 IP networks: UMB LTE Mobile WiMAX
Next Generation Multimode Devices Next generation mobile broadband devices will leverage the learning curve of CDMA2000 WorldModeTM devices LTE UMB WiMAX* WCDMA HSPA+ GPS EV-DO Rev. B EV-DO Rev. A EV-DO Rel. 0 CDMA2000 1X LTE UMB WiMAX* GPS EV-DO Rev. B EV-DO Rev. A EV-DO Rel. 0 CDMA2000 1X EV-DO Rel. 0 GPRS GSM GPS CDMA2000 1X Radio Frequency Links: 450 MHz 700 MHz 800 MHz 1500 MHzGPS 1700 MHz 1800 MHz 1900 MHz AWS 2100 MHz 2500 MHz 3500 MHz CDMA2000 operators will be among the first operators to offer next generation mobile broadband services * WiMAX is enabled using a separate chipset ** MDM 9800 and MDM 9600 chipsets will support FDD and TDD duplex modes and different carrier bandwidths.
3G CDMA Lowest Handset Pricing and Global Handset Shipment Volume Price (USD) Shipments (Millions) Sources: 1. ABI ( Q4 2007), IDC (July 2007), Strategy Analytics (July 2007) and Yankee Group (Oct 2007) handset shipment forecasts 2. Yankee Group, CDMA2000 and WCDMA ASP trends, January 2008 Penetrating the Market Next generation mobile broadband handset pricing trends will be similar to UMTS Next generation multimode handsets will need to approach existing handset prices to penetrate the market and build economies of scale
CDMA2000: Strong Global Presence CDMA2000 has built a strong ecosystem and enormous economies of scale More than 276 operators in more than 102 countries have deployed or are planning to deploy CDMA2000 463 million CDMA2000 Subscribers CDMA2000 will continue to be the core business for hundreds of operators for well over a decade
Migration Timeline With an increasing number of subscribers, the migration process is lengthening Migration of Subscribers Putting things into perspective:Mass adoption of wide-bandwidth OFDM-based solutions will take many years – Voice will remain the Killer Application.
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 CDMA2000: Strong Evolution Path CDMA ecosystem is continuing to enhance the CDMA2000 roadmap • Mass market adoption of Rev. A advanced broadband services is strong • 26 commercial operators in 18 countries (1/2 billion POPs covered) – 31 more in deployment • Multicarrier Rev. B will meet demand for additional capacity well into the future • Interoperability with OFDM-based broadcast and wide-bandwidth broadband solutions will be supported to supplement core CDMA2000 services Mobile Broadband Global Cumulative Subscribers Sources: Strategy Analytics, Worldwide Cellular User Forecast, July 2007, and Mobile Broadband Subscriptions Forecast, November 2006 Wireless Intelligence World Cellular Subscriber Forecast, October 2007 Yankee Group, Global Mobile Forecast, October 2007 In-Stat/MDR, April 2007 Informa, Future Mobile Broadband: HSPA, EV-DO, WiMAX & LTE, 2007 Yankee Group, Modest WiMAX Grows Despite Uncertainty, January 2007
CDMA2000: Long-Term Value Proposition Ecosystem Coverage Large client base and experienced global suppliers. Competitive Industry Large non-contiguous or ubiquitous coverage. Lower Total Cost of Ownership Mobility Latency Lower end-to-end latency to support delay sensitive applications Better user experience Capacity Robust mobility support with seamless handoffs across multiple air interfaces Better user experience Speed High spectral efficiency in all environments Lower Total Cost of Ownership Ultra-high data speeds in downlink and uplink across entire coverage area Better user experience Time-to-Market Revenue-generating services become commercially available in early Improved Earnings Devices VoIP Multimode devices support multiple radio interfaces Economies of Scale IP-based Large numbers of VoIP calls coexist with high capacity data services. Improved Earnings Flat IP-based core network interconnectivity Improved Performance & Convergence CDMA2000 is strongly positioned to serve operator requirements for the long run Substantial Long-term Industry Value