General Shop Safety Rules • Safety in the Shop begins with the proper frame of mind. The expression: “Safety is no Accident,” is a good starting point.
Attitude • When you enter the shop, you always need to make sure that you mentally and physically adjust to the increased hazards around you. • The things that you might do in a gym don’t belong in a classroom, and things that you might do in a classroom don’t belong in a SHOP! HEAD ARBOR SPINDLE CHUCK TABLE BASE
Attitude • Tools greatly reduce the time needed to perform an operation and usually improve your ability to do a job. • Learn how to use tools properly and take pride in your ability to use a tool safely and effectively. • Be careful to think through each operation before you do it. Use your common sense. Do not do things that seem unsafe. HEAD SPINDLE CHUCK TABLE BASE
Attitude • People using the shop must take responsibility for the safe use of the facility. If you are unsure of the proper method to do something, ask for help. • Never perform an operation that you are uneasy about. Ask for help! HEAD ARBOR SPINDLE CHUCK TABLE BASE
Attitude • If you notice an unsafe condition in the shop, fix it or bring it to the attention of the instructor. • If you think someone is using the equipment unsafely, suggest a safer alternative or bring their activities to the attention of the instructor. HEAD ARBOR SPINDLE CHUCK BASE
Activities • Frequently, when a person is injured, we hear the words: “I didn’t mean to, or I was just fooling around.” • For that reason horseplay can not be permitted! Yelling, screaming, pushing, jumping, running, throwing objects, using a tool improperly or as a pretend weapon can not happen!
Protect the Most Important Tools You Have • Your Eyes are not tools, but they are our most important sense, and it is very difficult to get by without them. • Always use approved eye protection whenever cutting, hammering, using a power tool, in the vicinity or watching someone else doing these things! • Make it a Lifelong Habit to recognize hazards to your eyes and take precautions to protect your eyes, not just when someone is standing over you and making you do it.
Getting Ready to Work • Before presenting yourself and your project to the instructor for permission to use a power tool, make sure you are READY! • Have your safety glasses in place, hair, clothing and jewelry secured. • Make sure your project is ready also. Have you made all the necessary layout marks in preparation for cutting? The instructor will not assume you know what you are doing – you must PROVE it by your presentation.
Get Permission Before Use • Always obtain permission from the instructor before using a power tool. • This alerts the instructor to a machine in use and who is using it. • This helps ensure the operation will be performed correctly. • This provides an opportunity for the instructor to monitor your work to prevent errors (scrapping out a project).
Safety Equipment • Make sure that all guards are in place and that they work properly. • Keep hands at least four inches away from cutting surfaces. Bandsaw Guard
Safety Equipment • Do not distract machine operators. • Stay out of yellow taped machine clearance areas when in machine is in use.
Cleanup • Report all injuries to the instructor immediately. • Report missing, broken or damaged tools to the instructor. • Keep the shop clean and well organized.
Use of Shop Air • Pressurized air can be very dangerous. • When shop air is used for cleaning purposes it must be fitted with a restrictor to allow only 30psi.
Use of Shop Air • Use only with permission and only after your cleanup job is done. • Typical use is for running air tools, blowing dust off projects. • Never direct air near face, exposed skin, or at other people.
Safety Agencies • OSHA stands for the Occupational Safety and Health Administration. • It is a governmental safety organization that is responsible to reduce work related injuries
OSHA Safety Colors • RED – Signals danger, emergency, and fire equipment.
OSHA Safety Colors • ORANGE – used to indicate safety guards and machine pinch points.
OSHA Safety Colors YELLOW – marks walkways, railings trip hazards and machine clearance areas.
OSHA Safety Colors WHITE – waste, cleanup and storage areas.
OSHA Safety Colors GREEN – Safety equipment like protective eyewear and first aid stations.
OSHA Safety Colors BLUE – informational and out of order signs.
Fire Safety • Fires must have three things to have combustion: Fuel, Heat, and Oxygen
Fire Safety • In case of fire: 1 Notify building occupants so that evacuation may take place. 2 Notify emergency response personnel. 3 Stay calm 4 Use good common sense
Types of Fires: Class A Fire • Fires are classified by the types of materials that they are burning: • Class A Fire: Garbage fire – wood, paper, cloth • Extinguish with water to remove heat.
Types of Fires: Class B Fire • Class B Fire: Flammable Liquids • Extinguish with foam, CO2, dry chemical to remove oxygen. • Do not use water as most flammable liquids are petroleum based and float on water.
Types of Fires: Class C Fire • Class C Fire: Electrical • Extinguish with CO2 or dry chemical to remove oxygen. • Do not use water as it is electrically conductive.
Use of Extinguishers • Pull pin break seal • Aim at base of fire, not at the upper flames • Squeeze Trigger • Use a sweeping motion back and forth until extinguished
Injuries and Bloodborne Pathogens • All injuries MUST be reported to the instructor. • Regard all blood spills as infected and give proper care. This usually involves custodial cleanup with bleach and protective wear.
If You Are Injured: • Cover and apply pressure. • Inform the instructor. • If it is not serious, go to the sink and wash wound, cover with a clean towel.
Right to Know, Material Safety Data Sheets • Federal guidelines provide that workers have the right to be informed as to the types of materials being used at a facility. • This allows them to take necessary precautions.
Material Safety Data Sheets • MSDS sheets are available for all chemicals used in the Lab. • Information contained on an MSDS include substance flammability, toxicity, exposure effects, proper handling, disposal, first aid procedures.