Direct Object Pronouns ch. 9-3
Direct Object Pronouns
Direct Objects The Direct Object is the person, place or thing that directly receives the action of the verb. S + V + who or what = direct object S V DOn Paco needs a book.
Direct Objects 2. The Direct Object will only be represented once in a sentence, either with the noun or the pronoun - never both. Paco is buying a book for Marta. Or Paco is buying it for Marta.
Placement • If it is the object of conjugated verb - then place it before the verb. ie… Marcos lo come • If it is the object of a verb infinitive - then attach it to the end of the infinitive. ie…Marta quiere comerlo
Examples Paco has a book in his backpack. Paco tiene un libro en su mochila. Paco has it in his backpack. Paco lo tiene en su mochila. *If a direct object noun is used in English, then a direct object noun will be used in Spanish. If a pronoun, then a pronoun.
Combination Pronouns IF more than one type of object pronoun is used in a sentence, then use the acronym R.I.D. to remember their placement order. R - reflexive I - indirect D - direct
Examples Paco is giving me a book. Paco me da un libro a mí. Paco is giving it to me. Paco me lo da a mí. *If a direct object noun is used in English, then a direct object noun will be used in Spanish. If a pronoun, then a pronoun.
Combination Pronouns IF both direct and indirect object pronouns are used AND both are 3rd person,THEN the indirect object pronoun (le or les) changes to SE. ie… Paco se lo da a ella.
Examples I am giving Paco a book. Yo le doy un libroa Paco. I am giving it to Paco Yo selo doy a Paco. *If both the indirect and direct object pronouns are used AND both are in the 3rd person, then the indirect LE or LES changes to SE.
Preguntas • 1. Where do you place the direct object pronoun if it is the object of the conjugated verb? In front of the conjugated verb
Preguntas 2. Where do you place the direct object pronoun if it is the object an infinitive? Attach it to the end of the infinitive
Preguntas 3. If both direct and indirect object pronouns are used and both are 3rd person, then the indirect object pronoun changes to _______ SE