Arguments for and against establishing a monarchy
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Arguments for and against Establishing a Monarchy. Victor H. Matthews REL 542 March 7, 2006. Arguments for a Monarchy. Every other nation has a king (1 Sam 8:5)

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Arguments for and against establishing a monarchy l.jpg

Arguments for and against Establishing a Monarchy

Victor H. MatthewsREL 542

March 7, 2006


Arguments for a monarchy l.jpg
Arguments for a Monarchy

  • Every other nation has a king (1 Sam 8:5)

  • A king provides leadership for national defense (1 Sam 8:20; 11:1-11 recounts Saul’s victory at Jabesh-gilead shows his ability to command an army)


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Pro-Monarchy Arguments

  • A king functions as a diplomat focusing on foreign policy

  • A king is able to institute a national economic policy

  • A king can support the development of the national religion by establishing a central shrine


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Arguments against a Monarchy

  • Selection of a human king signifies the rejection of Yahweh as king (1 Sam 8:7; 12:12)

  • The advantages cited in the arguments for a monarchy are secured at the expense of personal freedoms. A king will require taxes, institute a military and civil draft, place restraints on travel and trade, and deprive the people of local religious shrines (1 Sam 8:11-13)


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Anti-Monarchy Arguments

  • A king will abuse his power by means of nepotism and other corrupt practices (1 Sam 8:14-18)

  • Heredity monarchies can lead to weak successors (see Rehoboam)


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Anti-Saul elements

  • Tribes come together to choose a king by lot, but when the lot falls to Saul he is “hidden among the baggage” (10:17-22)

  • Although he is acknowledged as king, some doubted his ability to lead and refused to give him the gift due to a king (10:27a)


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1 Sam 9:1–10:16 and 10:23-26; 27b–11:15 --Pro-Saul elements

  • The young, handsome, and tall Saul is anointed by Samuel (9:1-10:8)

  • On his return home he meets a group of prophets and falls into a prophetic trance himself (10:9-13)


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Pro-Saul Narrative

  • When news of the Ammonite threat to Jabesh-gilead reaches him, Saul marshalls an army and relieves the siege of the city (11:1-11)

  • Following his triumph Saul goes to Gilgal where Samuel and “all the people” proclaimed him their king (11:12-15)


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