Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity

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  1. Popular ArgumentsFor and Against Longevity Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky

  2. Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity Introduction Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky

  3. Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity Against Longevity: Overview • Moral & Ethical Arguments • Practical Arguments • Faulty Arguments Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky

  4. Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity Against Longevity: Categories • The appeal to nature • Undesirable psychological consequences • Undesirable social consequences • Questionable motivations and skewed priorities • Common argumentative fallacies Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky

  5. Against Longevity: The Appeal to Nature Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity Defending the natural order and the ‘gift’ that is death Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky

  6. Against Longevity: The Appeal to Nature Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity Defending the natural order and the ‘gift’ that is death • life extension violates nature and upsets the balance Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky

  7. Against Longevity: The Appeal to Nature Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity Defending the natural order and the ‘gift’ that is death • life extension violates nature and upsets the balance • critics contend that death has value; death… Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky

  8. Against Longevity: The Appeal to Nature Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity Defending the natural order and the ‘gift’ that is death • life extension violates nature and upsets the balance • critics contend that death has value; death… • gives life meaning Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky

  9. Against Longevity: The Appeal to Nature Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity Defending the natural order and the ‘gift’ that is death • life extension violates nature and upsets the balance • critics contend that death has value; death… • gives life meaning • provides us with a need for morality Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky

  10. Against Longevity: The Appeal to Nature Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity Defending the natural order and the ‘gift’ that is death • life extension violates nature and upsets the balance • critics contend that death has value; death… • gives life meaning • provides us with a need for morality • allows for sacrifice Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky

  11. Against Longevity: The Appeal to Nature Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity Defending the natural order and the ‘gift’ that is death • life extension violates nature and upsets the balance • critics contend that death has value; death… • gives life meaning • provides us with a need for morality • allows for sacrifice • prevents us from being overly risk averse Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky

  12. Against Longevity: The Appeal to Nature Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity Defending the natural order and the ‘gift’ that is death • life extension violates nature and upsets the balance • critics contend that death has value; death… • gives life meaning • provides us with a need for morality • allows for sacrifice • prevents us from being overly risk averse • is what makes beauty exist Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky

  13. Against Longevity: The Appeal to Nature Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity Defending the natural order and the ‘gift’ that is death • life extension violates nature and upsets the balance • critics contend that death has value; death… • gives life meaning • provides us with a need for morality • allows for sacrifice • prevents us from being overly risk averse • is what makes beauty exist • is a vital imperfection Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky

  14. Against Longevity: The Appeal to Nature Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity Defending the natural order and the ‘gift’ that is death • life extension violates nature and upsets the balance • critics contend that death has value; death… • gives life meaning • provides us with a need for morality • allows for sacrifice • prevents us from being overly risk averse • is what makes beauty exist • is a vital imperfection • …and what if something exists beyond this life? Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky

  15. Against Longevity: Undesirable Psychological Consequences Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity The inadequacy of the human psyche to deal with radically extended lives: Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky

  16. Against Longevity: Undesirable Psychological Consequences Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity The inadequacy of the human psyche to deal with radically extended lives: • boredom and tedium Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky

  17. Against Longevity: Undesirable Psychological Consequences Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity The inadequacy of the human psyche to deal with radically extended lives: • boredom and tedium • ennui Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky

  18. Against Longevity: Undesirable Psychological Consequences Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity The inadequacy of the human psyche to deal with radically extended lives: • boredom and tedium • ennui • madness from repetition and predictability Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky

  19. Against Longevity: Undesirable Psychological Consequences Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity The inadequacy of the human psyche to deal with radically extended lives: • boredom and tedium • ennui • madness from repetition and predictability • losing a sense of psychological continuity with oneself Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky

  20. Against Longevity: Undesirable Social Consequences Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky

  21. Against Longevity: Undesirable Social Consequences Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity Social and distributive injustices Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky

  22. Against Longevity: Undesirable Social Consequences Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity Social and distributive injustices • cost prohibitive Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky

  23. Against Longevity: Undesirable Social Consequences Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity Social and distributive injustices • cost prohibitive • unequal access Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky

  24. Against Longevity: Undesirable Social Consequences Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity Social and distributive injustices • cost prohibitive • unequal access • unfair distribution Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky

  25. Against Longevity: Undesirable Social Consequences Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity Social and distributive injustices • cost prohibitive • unequal access • unfair distribution Undesirable demographic skews Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky

  26. Against Longevity: Undesirable Social Consequences Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity Social and distributive injustices • cost prohibitive • unequal access • unfair distribution Undesirable demographic skews • parallel populations Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky

  27. Against Longevity: Undesirable Social Consequences Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity Social and distributive injustices • cost prohibitive • unequal access • unfair distribution Undesirable demographic skews • parallel populations • problem of incumbency Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky

  28. Against Longevity: Undesirable Social Consequences Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity Social and distributive injustices • cost prohibitive • unequal access • unfair distribution Undesirable demographic skews • parallel populations • problem of incumbency • scientific and cultural stagnation Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky

  29. Against Longevity: Undesirable Social Consequences Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity Social and distributive injustices • cost prohibitive • unequal access • unfair distribution Undesirable demographic skews • parallel populations • problem of incumbency • scientific and cultural stagnation Overpopulation, the environment and Malthusian considerations Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky

  30. Against Longevity: Undesirable Social Consequences Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity Social and distributive injustices • cost prohibitive • unequal access • unfair distribution Undesirable demographic skews • parallel populations • problem of incumbency • scientific and cultural stagnation Overpopulation, the environment and Malthusian considerations • an issue of sustainability Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky

  31. Against Longevity: Questionable motivations and skewed priorities Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity Problematic motivations Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky

  32. Against Longevity: Questionable motivations and skewed priorities Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity Problematic motivations • “…no known social good…” Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky

  33. Against Longevity: Questionable motivations and skewed priorities Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity Problematic motivations • “…no known social good…” • anti-social behavior Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky

  34. Against Longevity: Questionable motivations and skewed priorities Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity Problematic motivations • “…no known social good…” • anti-social behavior • individual actions are against the collective best interest Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky

  35. Against Longevity: Questionable motivations and skewed priorities Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity Problematic motivations • “…no known social good…” • anti-social behavior • individual actions are against the collective best interest • more pressing concerns for society to deal with Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky

  36. Against Longevity: Faulty Arguments Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity Argumentative errors and biases Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky

  37. Against Longevity: Faulty Arguments Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity Argumentative errors and biases • pseudoskepticism Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky

  38. Against Longevity: Faulty Arguments Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity Argumentative errors and biases • pseudoskepticism • ad hominem Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky

  39. Against Longevity: Faulty Arguments Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity Argumentative errors and biases • pseudoskepticism • ad hominem • psychological eccentricity and quirkiness Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky

  40. Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity For Longevity: Overview • Primacy of moral argumentation • Practical arguments are catching up • On the defensive Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky

  41. Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity For Longevity: Categories • The value of life and the undesirability of death • The ethical and legal right to life extension • Desirable social consequences • Managing the inevitable and working towards the feasible Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky

  42. For Longevity: The value of life and the undesirability of death Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity Life is good, death is bad Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky

  43. For Longevity: The value of life and the undesirability of death Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity Life is good, death is bad • demonstrating the value of living Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky

  44. For Longevity: The value of life and the undesirability of death Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity Life is good, death is bad • demonstrating the value of living • ongoing personhood and the questionable de-valuation of life Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky

  45. For Longevity: The value of life and the undesirability of death Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity Life is good, death is bad • demonstrating the value of living • ongoing personhood and the questionable de-valuation of life • maximum lifespan? Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky

  46. For Longevity: The value of life and the undesirability of death Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity Life is good, death is bad • demonstrating the value of living • ongoing personhood and the questionable de-valuation of life • maximum lifespan? • death as existential violation Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky

  47. For Longevity: The value of life and the undesirability of death Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity Life is good, death is bad • demonstrating the value of living • ongoing personhood and the questionable de-valuation of life • maximum lifespan? • death as existential violation • stopping the global death counter Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky

  48. For Longevity: The ethical and legal right to life extension Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity Ethical and legal issues Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky

  49. For Longevity: The ethical and legal right to life extension Popular Arguments For and Against Longevity Ethical and legal issues • pro-life ethics is sound Securing the Longevity Dividend IEET George Dvorsky