Ancient Solutions for Modern Problems- How Acupuncture has become part of the Establishment whilst changing its very fabric. A Presentation on the history and contemporary movement of Acupuncture By Edward Young MSAc AP
Our 90 minutes together: • Section 1: Introduction – Who is Edward Young MSAc AP? • Section 2: A brief history of time (Acupuncture) • Section 3: The elusive quantity that is Qi and the Meridian system. Quick bathroom/run for the exits break • Section 4: How relevant ancient ideas are today. • Questions and Answers: Will aim to solve any confusion.
Objectives of the Presentation To facilitate a greater understanding of the history and mechanism of Acupuncture. To demystify the concepts of Yin and Yang, Qi + the meridian system. To explain how Acupuncture is quickly becoming a major component of a changing and evolving medical field. For all of you to leave here with an appreciation that Acupuncture is far more than just sticking needles into someone.
Introduction – Who am I? • Been studying and practicing Acupuncture since 2006. • Graduated from the Tri-State College of Acupuncture in NYC – the oldest such school in the US. • Uniquely studied under 3 Grand Masters of Acupuncture. • Previously a teacher for 10 years in both the private and public sectors. • Work in private practice in Jupiter, FL. • Committed to changing the world of medicine one patient at a time.
Timeline – 4000BC to Present • 4000BC – Taoist Philosophy established • 3000BC – Taoist sage and First emperor of China Fu Hsi constructs the I-Ching (Book of Changes): Containing the principles of Yin and Yang theory. • 3000-2000BC – First evidence of stone “needles” – known as Bian Stone (translates as “sharp edged stone for healing”) Fu Hsi aka Fu Xi – Emperor of China
So Yin and Yang theory – the beginning of it all… • Complimentary but opposing forces • One cannot exist without the other • Everything is made up of both elements – some things are more Yang than Yin, and some more Yin than Yang.
3 Major concepts to Yin Yang Theory • 1. Opposition – they are opposite RELATIVE to each other e.g. Ice is cold RELATIVE to boiling water.
2. Interdependent – One cannot exist without the other. Yin within Yang, Yang within Yin. e.g. cannot have activity without rest.
3. Transforming and interchangeable – Yin turns into Yang, and Yang turns into Yin. e.g. Summer turns into Winter, and Winter turns into Summer. Night turns into Day and Day into night.
1000BC -500BC– MILESTONES in development of Acupuncture: • The most significant milestone in the history of Acupuncture occurred during the period of Huang Di -The Yellow Emperor (600BC – 500BC). • CONSTRUCTION of the “Huang Di Nei Jing” • In a famous dialogue between Huang Di and his physician Qi Bo, they discuss the whole spectrum of the Chinese Medical Arts. These conversations would later become the monumental text - The Nei Jing (The Yellow Emperors Classic of Internal Medicine). The Nei Jing is the earliest book written on Chinese Medicine. It was compiled around 305-204 B.C. and consists of two parts: The Su Wen (Plain Questions) -9 volumes - 81 chapters – The Su Wen introduces anatomy and physiology, etiology of disease, pathology, diagnosis, differentiation of syndromes, prevention, yin-yang, five elements, treatment, and man's relationship with nature and the cosmos. The Ling Shu (Miraculous Pivot, Spiritual Axis)- 81 Chapters The Ling Shu's focus is Acupuncture, description of the meridians, functions of the zang-fu organs, nine types of needles, functions of the acupuncture points, needling techniques, types of Qi, location of 160 points. Huang Di – The Yellow emperor
History –continued… 400BC – 200BC • Warring States Period – evolution of metal needles which replaced the stone needles. • Historical records note many physicians practicing Acupuncture at this time. • MILESTONE – compilation of Nan Jing (Book of Difficult Questions)
200BC – 400AD • From 260-265 A.D., the famous physician Huang Fu Mi, organized all of the ancient literature into his classic text – “Systematic Classics of Acupuncture and Moxibustion”. • The text is twelve volumes and describes 349 Acupuncture points. • It is organized according to the theory of: zangfu, Qi and blood, channels and collaterals, acupuncture points, and clinical application. This book is noted to be one of the most influential texts in the history of Chinese Medicine.
400AD – 1568 • Very popular during the Jin, Northern, Southern, Dynasties (265-581A.D.) • Experienced great development during the Sui (581-618) and Tang (618-907) Dynasties. Upon request from the Tang Government (627-649A.D.), the famous physician Zhen Quan revised the important Acupuncture texts and charts. • Song Dynasty (960-1279) – First Bronze statues cast with Acupuncture points inscribed for teaching.
1568 – 1644 • The Ming Dynasty (1568-1644) was the enlightening period for the advancement of Acupuncture. Many new developments included: Revision of the classic texts Refinement of Acupuncture techniques and manipulation Development of Moxa sticks for indirect treatment Development of extra points outside the main meridians The encyclopedic work of 120 volumes- Principle and Practice of Medicine was written by the famous physician Wang Gendung • 1601 - Yang Jizhou wrote ZhenjinDacheng (Principles of Acupuncture and Moxibustion). This great treatise on Acupuncture reinforced the principles of the Nei Jing and Nan Jing. This work was the foundation of the teachings of G.Soulie de Morant who introduced Acupuncture into Europe.
1644 - 1911 • From the Qing Dynasty to the Opium Wars (1644-1840), herbal medicine became the main tool of physicians and Acupuncture was suppressed. • Following the Revolution of 1911, Western Medicine was introduced and Acupuncture and Chinese Herbology were suppressed. Due to the large population and need for medical care, Acupuncture and herbs remained popular among the folk people, and the "barefoot doctor" emerged.
1934 - PRESENT • Acupuncture was used exclusively during the Long March (1934-35) and despite harsh conditions it helped maintain the health of the army. This led Mao Zedong, the leader of the Communist Party, to see that Acupuncture remained an important element in China's medical system. In 1950 Chairman Mao officially united Traditional Chinese Medicine with Western Medicine, and acupuncture became established in many hospitals. In the same year Comrade Zhu De reinforced Traditional Chinese Medicine with his book New Acupuncture. • In the late 1950's to the 1960's Acupuncture research continued with - further study of the ancient texts, clinical effect on various diseases, acupuncture anesthesia, and acupuncture's effect on the internal organs. • From the 1970's to the present, Acupuncture continues to play an important role in China's medical system. China has taken the lead in researching all aspects of acupuncture’s application and clinical effects. Although acupuncture has become modernized, it will never lose its connection to a philosophy established thousands of years ago.
Meridians aka channels – a Map… • A circuit that carries Qi around the body. • Divided into 12 regular / ordinary and 8 extraordinary meridians – each of which has a number of responsibilities and pertains to certain viscera. • Linked [perhaps] to the arteriole and nerve pathways in the body – according to western understanding of Anatomy. • Each Regular meridian is labeled after an Organ e.g. Spleen Channel.
Ancient Meridian Maps: The Qi-formational superhighway 500BC 450AD 1800AD
Qi – what??? • Qi (pronounced “chee”) can be defined as the “force” or “vital substance” that animates and controls the observable functions of living beings. • The basic foundation for Asian medicine is that Qi flows through the body within the aforementioned “meridians” that connect all of our major organs. • According to Chinese medical theory, injury or illness arises when the cyclical flow of Qi in the meridians becomes unbalanced or blocked. • Example: a broken leg – Qi rushes to site of injury to protect and nourish. Beyond injury site is a deficiendy of Qi and before the break an excess – this blockage causes pain.
So why does that matter? • One of the great sayings of Chinese Medicine: “Bu tong ze tong, tong zebu tong,” which means, “free flow: no pain, no free flow: pain.” • In other words, any kind of pain or illness represents an obstruction in the normal flow of Qi. • Simply put, acupuncture moves Qi, restoring free flow.
Qi is hardly unique:- Similar concepts in other cultures • The concept of a life-energy inherent in all living beings seems to be a fairly universal archetype, and appears in numerous ancient religions and systems of metaphysics (in addition to having been borrowed by George Lucas’s science-fiction films — the force). Analogies to numina in other societies include: • Polynesian mythology: mana Egyptian mythology: ka • Greek mythology: pneuma Hebrew mythology: ruah • Hindu philosophy: prana
Types of Qi Collectively when all of these types of Qi are in balance = Good health and harmony
INTERMISSION: 15 minutes to do what needs to be done. Please fill out the register if you have not already done so: E mail addresses please.
Section 4: Ancient Ideas today. • Today, Acupuncture is growing at an unprecedented rate. • With over 50 schools in the US from coast to coast. New York City, NY San Diego, CA
Acupuncturist per State Florida has nearly 2000 licensed practicing Acupuncturists
Many Styles of Acupuncture – modern Acupuncture has embraced technology • Auricular Acupuncture • Electro Acupuncture • Laser Acupuncture Laser Acupuncture Auricular acupuncture
Connection with Modern medicine • Acupuncture is being utilized in Pain Management Clinics throughout the major hospital of the US. Often deployed in OR as adjunct. • Acupuncture schooling ideologies are being implemented into Western Medical Training. • Increase in overall referrals and relationships between Western physicians and Acupuncture Physicians. • Often used in conjunction with Physical Therapy, Chiropratic, Osteopathy. • Contrast – Western medicine is extraordinary with dealing with Acute illness or trauma, whereas Eastern medicine manages Chronic illness and injury extraordinarily well.
Cost of Health Care – monetarily and what about side effects. Diabetes Blood Pressure Surgery Heart Disease Arthritis Cortisone Cancer Back Pain Viagra Antibiotics Fast Food Video games Reduction in Exercise for children Golf Leisure time for retired population Insomnia
What can Acupuncture Treat: Below is a list of all of the areas that according to the World Health Organization, the National Institutes for Health, and clinical experience, Acupuncture is useful in the treating: • Chronic and Acute Pain - Injuries, headaches, neck and back pain, tendonitis, sciatica, carpal tunnel syndrome, fibromyalgia, joint discomfort, arthritic changes • Pre and Post surgery – reduction in stress and anxiety, readies the body for handling swelling, inflammation, trauma, aids in generating movement of fluids to and from surgery site, reduces adhesions from incisions and scarring, psychological aspects of surgery, edema. • Neurological Disorders - Post-stroke recover, Bell's Palsy & Trigeminal Neuralgia, movement disorders (Parkinson’s, Involuntary movement syndrome)
Upper Respiratory Disorders - Asthma, allergies, bronchitis, sinusitis, sore throat, laryngitis, colds and flu. • Digestive Disorders - Irritable bowel, colitis, constipation, diarrhea, gastritis, heartburn, food allergies, ulcers, GERD. • Urinary and Reproductive Disorders - Cystitis, menstrual cramps, irregular or heavy periods, infertility, menopausal symptoms, PMS.
Immune Function - Recurrent infections, supportive treatment for cancer and AIDS patients. Skin disorders such as eczema. • Addictions - Addictions to nicotine, alcohol and drugs. Medicinal addiction. • Eye and Ear Disorders - Tinnitus, Meniere's disease, floaters, itching, red eyes • Depression, Anxiety & Insomnia – hives, rashes caused by anxiety, mental alertness, sleep disorders
PREVENTION and Maintenance Acupuncture is akin to Health Management rather than Sickness Management
The Final Words: • Acupuncture is non-invasive. • Has minimal risk. • Does not require Pharmaceutical involvement. • Holistic in theory and practice. • Individualized treatment plans. • Financially beneficial.
CASE STUDY: Does it work? • 31 Year Old Male, with Post surgery Ankle Pain. Limited to no mobility through Ankle, swollen, superficial and deep scar tissue. Experiencing severe radiating pain through lower leg and into Hip and lumber spine. No other health issues to report. • Was told by numerous surgeons that the only method of treatment was amputation, due to 9 surgeries being deemed as unsuccessful. • Referred to Acupuncture by Physical Therapist – 8 treatments: Playing golf, riding bikes with children, exercising, pain reduced by 95%, increased ROM.
Objectives of the Presentation • To facilitate a greater understanding of the history and mechanism of Acupuncture. • To demystify the concepts of Yin and Yang, Qi + the meridian system. • To explain how Acupuncture is quickly becoming a major component of a changing and evolving medical field. • For all of you to leave here with an appreciation that Acupuncture is far more than just sticking needles into someone.
The Language of Acupuncture • http://abcnews.go.com/Health/acupuncture-work-pain/story?id=17204118 • http://topics.nytimes.com/topics/news/health/diseasesconditionsandhealthtopics/acupuncture/index.html • http://www.nydailynews.com/life-style/health/sloan-kettering-study-acupuncture-works-chronic-pain-article-1.1156095