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Fruit Tree Pruning - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Fruit Tree Pruning
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  1. Fruit Tree Pruning John Strang U.K. Dept. of Horticulture

  2. Reasons for Pruning • Reduce tree size • Control tree shape • Make trees structurally strong

  3. Reasons for Pruning • Improve light penetration • Flower bud initiation • Fruit color • Pest control

  4. Reasons for Pruning • Removal of diseased wood • Fruit rot control

  5. Partially reduce crop load Facilitate cultural operations Reasons for Pruning

  6. Reasons for Pruning • Keep the crop close to the ground

  7. When to Prune • Dormant season • February – bloom • Prune old trees first • Young trees last • Exceptions • Peaches after bloom

  8. Pruning Equipment

  9. Types of Cuts

  10. Types of Cuts

  11. Avoid Leaving Branch Stubs

  12. Pruning

  13. Pruning

  14. Remove Narrow Branch Angles Strong Weak

  15. Branch Spreading

  16. Opens tree up for sunlight and spray penetration Reduces shoot and limb vigor Encourages flowering Branch Spreading Too little Too much

  17. Apple Limb Spreading

  18. Apple Central Leader Pruning

  19. Apple Pruning

  20. Central Leader Tree

  21. Pear Pruning – Multiple Leader

  22. Pear Pruning – Multiple Leader

  23. Pear Pruning – Multiple Leader

  24. Pear Pruning – Multiple Leader

  25. Peach Pruning –Open Center or Vase

  26. Peach Pruning Open Center or Vase

  27. Peach Pruning

  28. Peach Pruning

  29. Peach Pruning

  30. Peach Pruning

  31. Tart Cherry Pruning

  32. Tart Cherry Pruning

  33. Tart Cherry Pruning

  34. Apple – Dwarf High Density • Slender Spindle • French Axe • Vertical Axis • See HortFact-3501 • Training and Culture of Dwarf Apples Using the Vertical Axis System

  35. Pruning Neglected Trees

  36. Remove dead wood Reduce tree height Cut out 3-4 large branches Cut back to outward growing branches Pruning Neglected Trees

  37. Pruning Neglected Trees

  38. Pruning Neglected Trees

  39. Pruning Neglected Apple Trees