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Introduction to the Dental Profession
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Introduction to the Dental Profession

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  1. Introduction to the Dental Profession Chapter 1

  2. History of Dentistry • Early times • Herodotus • Hesi-Re • Hippocrates • Book on affections • Oath • Aristotle • Oral hygiene

  3. History of Dentistry • Later progress • Guy de Chauliac • Surgeon from France • Rules for oral hygiene • Leonardo da Vinci • First to distinguish between molars and premolars

  4. History of Dentistry • Later progress • Pierre Fauchard • Founder of modern dentistry • Rejected idea of tooth worm • Treated caries and diseased gingiva • Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen • Discovered X-rays

  5. Dental Check • Who wrote Hygienic Rules for Oral Hygiene? • Guy de Chauliac

  6. Progress of Dentistry in the United States (U.S.) • Robert Woofendale and John Baker • First to advertise dental services • John Greenwood • George Washington’s favorite dentist • Made his dental prosthesis

  7. Progress of Dentistry in the U.S. • Paul Revere • Created artificial teeth and surgical instruments • Josiah Flagg • Skilled surgeon • Constructed the dental chair

  8. Progress of Dentistry in the U.S. • James B. Morrison • Created first dental engine with handpiece, motor, and foot treadle

  9. Education and Organized Dentistry • Horace H. Hayden • Writer and lecturer on dental topics • Chapin A. Harris • Created and contributed to library of dental literature

  10. Education and Organized Dentistry • Dr. Greene Vardiman Black • “Grand old man of dentistry” • Invented machines and instruments used in dentistry Courtesy of the National Museum of Dentistry, Baltimore, MD

  11. Education and Organized Dentistry Lucy Beaman Hobbs Dr. Robert Tanner Freeman Ida Gray George Franklin Grant

  12. Education and Organized Dentistry • American Dental Association (ADA) • Nationwide association of dentists organized by Horace Hayden and Chapin Harris • American Journal of Dental Science • Today, each state has local or regional branch office • Journal of the American Dental Association

  13. Dental Check • What was the name of the first dental college in the world? • Baltimore College of Dental Surgery

  14. Dental Team Dentists Dental assistants Dental hygienists Dental laboratory technicians Support staff

  15. Dentists • Requirements: • Undergraduate education • Graduation from dental school approved by ADA Commission on Dental Accreditation

  16. Dentists • Education: • Three to four years of undergraduate work • Four years of dental school • Five required at Harvard University

  17. Dental Specialties • Dental public health • Specialty concerned with prevention of dental disease • Public health dentist works with community to promote dental health

  18. Dental Specialties • Endodontics • Specialty concerned with pathology and morphology of dental pulp and surrounding tissues due to injury and disease

  19. Dental Specialties • Oral and maxillofacial pathology • Specialty concerned with diagnosis and nature of diseases that affect oral cavity

  20. Dental Specialties • Oral and maxillofacial radiology • Images and data produced by all modalities of radiant energy • For diagnosing and management of disorders of oral and maxillofacial region

  21. Dental Specialties • Oral and maxillofacial surgery • Specialty concerned with diagnosis and surgical treatment of oral and maxillofacial region due to injury, disease, and defects

  22. Dental Specialties • Orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics • Specialty concerned with diagnosis, supervision, guidance, and correction of malocclusion in dentofacial structures

  23. Dental Specialties • Pediatric dentistry • Specialty concerned with prevention of oral disease and diagnosis and treatment of oral care in children • From birth through adolescence

  24. Dental Specialties • Periodontics • Specialty concerned with diagnosis and treatment of diseases of supporting and surrounding tissues of tooth

  25. Dental Specialties • Prosthodontics • Specialty concerned with diagnosis, restoration, and maintenance of oral functions

  26. Dental Check • If you lost several teeth related to trauma resulting from a car accident, from which dental specialist might you seek assistance? • Prosthodontist

  27. Dental Assistants • Dr. C. Edmund Kells • Hired “Lady Assistant” to be “quick, quiet, gentle, and attentive” • “Ladies in Attendance”

  28. Dental Assistants Dental Assisting National Board (DANB) Certified Dental Assistant (CDA) Dental receptionists American Dental Assistants Association (ADAA)

  29. Dental Assistants • Juliette Southard • Founder and first president of the American Dental Assistants Association Courtesy of the American Dental Assistants Association, Chicago, IL

  30. Dental Hygienists • Dr. Alfred CivilionFones • Developed first school of dental hygiene in 1913 • American Dental Hygienists’ Association (ADHA)

  31. Dental Laboratory Technicians • Many are graduates of two-year ADA-accredited dental laboratory technician program • Formal education not required

  32. Dental Laboratory Technicians Examination to become certified dental technicians (CDTs) American Dental Laboratory Technician Association (ADLTA)

  33. Other Members of the Dental Team Dental service technicians Dental representatives Dental supply companies and representatives

  34. Dental Check • Where might you find this statement?“To walk on the sunny side of the street, seeing the beautiful things in life rather than fearing the shadows.” • Creed for Dental Assistants