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Objectives: List 5 functions of domestic animals; Describe conditions and requirements of domestic animals; Define appropriate terminology related to animals; and Contrast the differences among animal breeds, species, and types. List major types & uses of each species of livestock

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Introduction to ANIMAL SCIENCE


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    1. Objectives: • List 5 functions of domestic animals; • Describe conditions and requirements of domestic animals; • Define appropriate terminology related to animals; and • Contrast the differences among animal breeds, species, and types. • List major types & uses of each species of livestock • List & describe benefits of animal agriculture • Recognize top producing states for animal agriculture Introduction to ANIMAL SCIENCE

    2. A. List 5 functions of domestic animals Why do we CHOOSE to have animals?

    3. A. List 5 functions of domestic animals Functions of domestic animals:1-Food • Meat • Eggs • Milk • Honey

    4. A. List 5 functions of domestic animals Functions of domestic animals:2- Clothing • Wool • Leather • Hair/Fur • Feathers

    5. A. List 5 functions of domestic animals Functions of domestic animals:3-Power • Horses, Mules, Donkeys, Burros • Llamas, Alpacas • Oxen, Water buffalo, reindeer, yak, camels

    6. A. List 5 functions of domestic animals Functions of domestic animals:4- Recreation & Companionship • Pleasure Horses • Purebred Herds and Flocks • Livestock Exhibitions, Shows, Rodeos • Horse Racing

    7. A. List 5 functions of domestic animals Functions of domestic animals:5- Service • Guide dogs for blind • Police Dogs • Rescue Dogs • Therapy animals

    8. B. Describe conditions and requirements of domestic animals Terms: Wild Animal Not GENETICALLY altered by artificial selection for use by humans. • Genetically & Behaviorally Wild

    9. B. Describe conditions and requirements of domestic animals Terms: Domestic Animal • an animal that has been genetically altered from the original wild species for use by humans through ARTIFICIAL SELECTION • Genetically Domestic • Behaviorally= domestic

    10. B. Describe conditions and requirements of domestic animals Terms: Tame Wild Animal • a wild animal that, through intervention of man, has adapted BEHAVIORALLY so as to be useful to humans. • Genetically=Wild • Behaviorally=Domestic

    11. B. Describe conditions and requirements of domestic animals Terms: Feral Animal • a DOMESTIC animal that lives in the WILD with no human assistance • Genetically=Domestic • Behaviorally= Wild

    12. C. Define appropriate terminology related to animals. European Cattle *Genus/Species: Bos Taurus *Baby: Calf *Young Male: Bullock *Young Female: Heifer (until 1st calf is born) *Castrated Male: Steer *Mature Male: Bull *Mature Female: Cow *Group: Herd

    13. C. Define appropriate terminology related to animals. Indian Cattle *Genus/Species: BosIndicus *Baby: Calf *Young Male: Bullock *Young Female: Heifer (until 1st calf is born) *Castrated Male: Steer *Mature Male: Bull *Mature Female: Cow *Group: Herd

    14. C. Define appropriate terminology related to animals. Sheep *Genus/Species: Ovisaries *Baby: Lamb *Young Male: Ram Lamb *Young Female: Ewe Lamb *Castrated Male: Wether *Mature Male: Ram *Mature Female: Ewe *Group: Flock

    15. C. Define appropriate terminology related to animals. Pigs *Genus/Species: Susscrofadomestica *Baby: Piglet *Young Male: Shoat *Young Female: Gilt (until 1st litter) *Castrated Male: Barrow *Mature Male: Boar *Mature Female: Sow *Group: Herd, Drove, Mob Or “Sounder of hogs”

    16. C. Define appropriate terminology related to animals. Goats *Genus/Species: Capra hircus *Baby: Kid *Young Male: Ram Kid *Young Female: Doe Kid *Castrated Male: Wether *Mature Male: Billy *Mature Female: Doe *Group: herd or tribe

    17. C. Define appropriate terminology related to animals. Horses *Genus/Species: Equuscaballus *Baby: Foal *Young Male: Colt *Young Female: Filly *Castrated Male: Gelding *Mature Male: Stallion *Mature Female: Mare *Group: Herd

    18. C. Define appropriate terminology related to animals. Poultry *Genus/Species: Gallus domesticus *Baby: Chick *Young Male: Cockerel *Young Female: Pullet *Castrated Male: Capon *Mature Male: Rooster *Mature Female: Hen *Group: Chickens: Brood, Flock, Peep Turkeys: Rafter, Gobble, Gang Geese: Gaggle (if they are in flight=Skein)

    19. C. Define appropriate terminology related to animals. Rabbits *Genus/Species: Oryctolaguscuniculus *Baby: Bunny *Young Male: *Young Female: *Mature Male: Buck *Mature Female: Doe *Group: Colony, Nest, Herd

    20. C. Define appropriate terminology related to animals. Dog *Genus/Species: canisfamiliaris *Baby: Puppy *Young Male: *Young Female: *Mature Male: Stud *Mature Female: Dam or Bitch *Group: Pack

    21. C. Define appropriate terminology related to animals. Cat *Genus/Species: feliscatus *Baby: Kitten *Young Male: *Young Female: *Mature Male: Tom *Mature Female: Queen *Group: Clowder or Clutter Video Clip

    22. D. Contrast the differences among animal breeds, species, and types. Species • a group of closely related animals that can INTERBREED and produce FERTILE offspring • Example • Cattle

    23. D. Contrast the differences among animal breeds, species, and types. Breed • animals of common ORIGIN with characteristics that distinguish them from other groups within the same SPECIES • Example • Scottish Highlander

    24. D. Contrast the differences among animal breeds, species, and types. Type • animals of the same SPECIES that are grouped together based on the PRODUCTS they produce • Example

    25. E. List major types & uses of each species of livestock Types of Livestock Each species of livestock has specific breeds that perform best for each purpose: Meat Type: Produce meat efficiently Dairy Type: Produce milk efficiently Dual Purpose: Produce meat & milk efficiently Ornamental: Don’t produce milk or meat efficiently, chosen for beauty Performance: Chosen for performance traits

    26. E. List major types & uses of each species of livestock Cattle • Beef Type • Dairy Type • Dual Purpose

    27. E. List major types & uses of each species of livestock Sheep • Wool or Hairtype • Fine • Medium • Long • Colored • Meat or Mutton type • Dual • Dairy sheep

    28. E. List major types & uses of each species of livestock Pigs • Meat Type • Bacon • Lard

    29. E. List major types & uses of each species of livestock Goats • Meat Type • Dairy Type

    30. E. List major types & uses of each species of livestock Horses • Performance Type • Draft Type • Racing • Ranch Work/Stock Horse

    31. E. List major types & uses of each species of livestock Chickens • Eggs (Layers) • Meat (Broilers) • Ornamental

    32. F. List & describe benefits of animal agriculture What are the benefits of Animal Agriculture?? • Animals convert feed that humans CAN’T eat to food humans CAN eat • (poor hay, corn stalks, straw, etc.) • Helps maintain fertility of the land

    33. F. List & describe benefits of animal agriculture What are the benefits of Animal Agriculture?? • Personal satisfaction of working with domesticated animals • May more fully utilize capital, machinery and wasteland (range).

    34. F. List & describe benefits of animal agriculture What are the benefits of Animal Agriculture?? • Animal proteins are superior to vegetable proteins for humans • Animal proteins have improved amino acid balance over vegetable protein • Milk -- approximately 90% of milk for human consumption in the world comes from cattle • Over 85% of the world population desires food of animal origin

    35. G. Recognize top producing states for animal agriculture Top States in Beef Production • 1. Texas • 2. Oklahoma • 3. Missouri • 4. Nebraska • 5. South Dakota • Utah’s Rank 28th 2011

    36. G. Recognize top producing states for animal agriculture Top States in Dairy Production • 1. California • 2. Wisconsin • 3. New York • 4. Idaho • 5. Pennsylvania • Utah’s Rank 24th

    37. G. Recognize top producing states for animal agriculture Top States in Sheep Production • 1. Texas • 2. California • 3. Colorado • 4. Wyoming • 5. Utah 2011

    38. G. Recognize top producing states for animal agriculture Top States in Goat Production • Dairy Goats • 1. California • 2. Iowa • 3. Texas • 4. New York • 5. New England • CT, ME, MA, NH, RI, and VT • Utah’s Rank 35th • Meat Goats • 1. Texas • 2. Tennessee • 3. California • 4. Oklahoma • 5. North Carolina • Utah’s Rank 36th 2011

    39. G. Recognize top producing states for animal agriculture Top States in Swine Production • 1. Iowa • 2. North Carolina • 3. Minnesota • 4. Illinois • 5. Indiana • Utah’s Rank 14th 2010

    40. G. Recognize top producing states for animal agriculture Top States in Layers Production • 1. Iowa • 2. Ohio • 3. Pennsylvania • 4. Indiana • 5. California • Utah’s Rank 25th

    41. G. Recognize top producing states for animal agriculture Top States in Broiler Production • 1. Arkansas • 2. Georgia • 3. Alabama • 4. North Carolina • 5. Mississippi

    42. G. Recognize top producing states for animal agriculture Top States in Turkey Production • 1. North Carolina • 2. Minnesota • 3. • 4. • 5. Utah’s Rank 14th

    43. G. Recognize top producing states for animal agriculture Number of Farms and Ranches • 1. Texas • 2. Missouri • 3. Iowa • 4. Oklahoma • 5. Kentucky • Utah’s Rank 36th

    44. G. Recognize top producing states for animal agriculture Land in Farms and Ranches • 1. Texas • 2. Montana • 3. Kansas • 4. Nebraska • 5. South Dakota • Utah’s Rank 26th

    45. G. Recognize top producing states for animal agriculture Utah’s Rank in Other Areas • Mink Production 2nd • Trout Production 6th • Honey Production 24th