Download
module 2 meaning and discourse in english n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
MODULE 2 Meaning and discourse in English PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
MODULE 2 Meaning and discourse in English

MODULE 2 Meaning and discourse in English

940 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

MODULE 2 Meaning and discourse in English

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. MODULE 2 Meaning and discourse in English DISCOURSE FUNCTIONS - TRANSACTION AND INTERACTION Lecture 12

  2. Functions of discourse There are two important functions of any Form of discourse. These are: • Transactional • Interactional

  3. Transactional and interactional The aim of transactional language is to communicate a specific message “I’d like a cup of tea, please” - ‘Here you are” “Howard’s being eaten” The aim of interactional language is to maintain a social relationship “good morning… good morning” • Most discourse contains a mixture of transactional and interactional language

  4. TRANSACTIONAL Aim is for hearer to understand message correctly It has an effect on the world INTERACTIONAL Aim is for hearer to feel that speaker is friendly It does not have an effect on the world Transctional v Interactional (1)Aims and consequences

  5. TRANSACTIONAL Doctor-patient Customer-bank clerk Teacher-pupil INTERACTIONAL Phoning mum Visiting a friend in hospital Chatting at a bus stop Internet chat Talking to the dog Transactional v Interactional (2)Typical contexts

  6. TRANSACTIONAL how to take the medicine how to open an account how to do fractions recipe details INTERACTIONAL greetings coldness of the weather lateness of the bus prettiness of the baby Transactional v Interactional (3)Typical content

  7. Cafè - Elizabeth/Jenny • Typical ch’stics of speech - repetition, filler, expressions of attitude, simple lexis • Transactional (Is that ..?; I’ll have .. Can I have …? We’ll come back ..) • Interactional (tag questions - haven’t I?, shall we? inclusive “we”; laughs; search for agreement; lots of speaker support and cooperation from all speakers • Adjacency pairs (question-answer) • Insertion sequence (with milk?) • Preferred responses • Politeness markers

  8. Conversations have both transactional and interactional elements The conversation in the cafè is an example of both transaction and interaction: • The exchange between Elizabeth and the assistant is basically transaction • The exchange between Elizabeth and her friends in mainly interactional