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Work-Life Balance and Relationships Dr. Kanwal Kaisser
statistics • 4 out of 10 employees state that their jobs are "very" or "extremely" stressful • Those in high stress jobs are 3 times more likely to suffer from medical conditions.
Statistics – contd. • Women, in particular, report stress related to conflict between work and family. (National Life Insurance company) • 75 – 90 % of physician visits are related to stress and, according to the American Institute of Stress.
Woman’s Changing Role In years past, a woman’s decision to work outside her home was usually based on three factors: • Marital status, • Contributions from other family members (husband’s salary), • Children A married woman with children nearly always worked only at home.
Current Scene • Women enjoy the sense of competence • Contribute financially to their families • Men face less stress when not pressured to be the family’s sole provider
Current scene (contd.) • In 1960, 1/3rd women with children were employed outside the home. • In 2003, 60.7 % of mothers in two-parent families were employed. • 4 out of 5 Americans say it’s fine for a married woman to work even though her husband makes enough money to support the family.
Changing occupations • Women’s occupations are also changing as they move into careers previously dominated by males • Fill approximately 1/3rd of management positions • However, remain in jobs with little authority and low pay.
Result :More complex family life • Challenge of balancing responsibilities in both the family and work areas • The ones who feel they aren’t very successful in balancing family and work is highest between the ages of 30 to 39.
Superwoman’s legacy • Marian Thomas writes: • "The good news is superwoman is dead. The bad news is she left behind an entire generation of women who are still struggling to figure out how to balance home and work.”
Common Concerns…. • “How can I work and have time with my partner or for myself and be available for the kids and get the shopping done and find time to mop the kitchen floor, not to mention relationships, Masjid, kids games?” • Approximately 95 percent of adults in a national survey reported they are concerned work takes too much time away from their families.
Family and work settings have a built-in potential for conflict. • You may feel overwhelmed with the demands at work and at home. • You may feel little energy or time to do all the things you are required to do • You may feel you have no time for yourself.
THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK OF ANALYSIS • Work-family balance • Time conflicts • Conflict due to tension between roles • Behaviouralconflicts
Family and work environments influence each other. • Positive and negative feelings go with you to work and to home.
Balance between work and family settings will minimize stress. • Reach Family Goals • Plan Family Activities
Islamic perspective on working women Allah Almighty says (what means): • وَقَرْنَ فِي بُيُوتِكُنَّ وَلَا تَبَرَّجْنَ تَبَرُّجَ الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ الْأُولَىٰ
Women of Power • The number of women who were politically prominent are well over a hundred: Umayyads, Abbasids, Turks, Persians, Mongols, Indians, and others.
Islamic perspective on working women • Most important role is motherhood
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