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States of Matter and Particle Motion Tutorial. Tricia Swann. Curriculum Standard. This tutorial supports the following State of Tennessee 8 th grade curriculum standard: SPI 0807.9.6: Compare the particle arrangement and type of particle motion associated with different states of matter.

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Presentation Transcript
curriculum standard
Curriculum Standard

This tutorial supports the following State ofTennessee 8th grade curriculum standard:

SPI 0807.9.6: Compare the particle arrangement and type of particle motion associated with different states of matter.

slide3
Menu
  • Matter
  • Particle Motion of Solids
  • Particle Motion of Liquids
  • Particle Motion of Gases

Click to return to the Menu from any page.

matter
Matter
  • Matter is anything that has mass and volume.
  • There are three main types of matter. They are solid, liquid, and gas.

Click here to learn more about the types of matter.

states of matter
States of Matter
  • The state of matter is determined by the movement of particles within the matter.

SolidsLiquidsGases

Select a state of matter above to learn more about it or click here to take the Matter Self Quiz.

matter self quiz
Matter Self Quiz

Question #1

Matter is anything that has __________ and ___________.

Click here for answer.

Answer #1

Matter is anything that has mass and volume.

Click here to go to Question #2.

matter self quiz1
Matter Self Quiz

Question #2

What are the 3 main types of matter?

Click here for answer.

Answer #2

Solids, liquids, and gases.

Click here to go to Question #3.

matter self quiz2
Matter Self Quiz

Question #3

What determines the state of matter?

Click here for answer.

Answer #3

The movement of particles.

End of Quiz. Click here to return to States of Matter.

particle motion of solids
Particle Motion of Solids
  • There are two basic types of particle arrangement in solids. Click here to find out more.

The particles in solids don’t move much, but they do vibrate slightly.

Notice how the solid maintains its shape in the container.

crystalline vs amorphous solids
Crystalline vs. Amorphous Solids

Crystalline Solids

  • The particles in a crystalline solid are arranged in a repeating pattern.
  • Amorphous Solids
  • The particles in an amorphous solid are arranged randomly.
  • To review solids, try this!
  • To return to States of Matter, click here.
  • To take the Solids Self Quiz, click here.
solids self quiz
Solids Self Quiz

Question #1

How do the particles in solids move?

Click here for answer.

Answer #1

They don’t move much, they only vibrate slightly.

Click here to go to Question #2.

solids self quiz1
Solids Self Quiz

Question #2

True or False: If you add heat to the particles of a solid, they will move faster.

Click here for answer.

Answer #2

True.

Click here to go to Question #3.

solids self quiz2
Solids Self Quiz

Question #3

True or False: solids have a definite shape and volume.

Click here for answer.

Answer #3

True.

Click here to go to Question #4.

solids self quiz3
Solids Self Quiz

Question #4

What are the two types of solids?

Click here for answer.

Answer #4

Crystalline and amorphous.

Click here to go to Question #5.

solids self quiz4
Solids Self Quiz

Question #5

Which of the two types of solids have particles arranged in a set pattern?

Click here for answer.

Answer #5

Crystalline.

End of Quiz. Click here to return to States of Matter.

particle motion of liquids
Particle Motion of Liquids
  • Want more information? Click here.

The particles in liquids slide past one another.

As you can see, a liquid will take the shape of its container.

particle motion of liquids1
Particle Motion of Liquids

To return to States of Matter, click here.

To take the Liquids Self Quiz, click here.

Surface tension is the attraction of molecules to one another in a liquid.

To see surface tension in action, click here.

liquids self quiz
Liquids Self Quiz

Question #1

How do the particles in liquids move?

Click here for answer.

Answer #1

They slide past one another.

Click here to go to Question #2.

liquids self quiz1
Liquids Self Quiz

Question #2

True or False: Liquids have a definite shape and volume.

Click here for answer.

Answer #2

False. They have a definite volume, but they take the shape of the container they are in.

Click here to go to Question #3.

liquids self quiz2
Liquids Self Quiz

Question #3

What property of a liquid allows you to drink through a straw?

Click here for answer.

Answer #3

Surface tension. It holds the particles together, pulling them through the straw.

End of Quiz. Click here to return to States of Matter.

particle motion of gases
Particle Motion of Gases
  • Want to know how to find the volume of a gas? Check this out!

Gas particles move fast and strike one another.

Gases spread out to fill their container. What does this tell you about their shape and volume?

volume of a gas
Volume of a Gas

To return to States of Matter, click here.

To take the Gases Self Quiz, click here.

The volume of a gas is found by measuring the volume of the container the gas is in.

Want to know why?

Click here.

gases self quiz
Gases Self Quiz

Question #1

How do the particles in gases move?

Click here for answer.

Answer #1

They move very fast and strike one another.

Click here to go to Question #2.

gases self quiz1
Gases Self Quiz

Question #2

True or False: Gases have a definite shape and volume.

Click here for answer.

Answer #2

False. Gases take the shape and volume of the container they are in.

Click here to go to Question #3.

gases self quiz2
Gases Self Quiz

Question #3

How do you measure the volume of a gas?

Click here for answer.

Answer #3

You measure the volume of the container the gas is in.

End of Quiz. Click here to return to States of Matter.

references
References

Benson, Tom. (Designer). (2009). Fixed and animated images of matter. [Web]. Retrieved from http://www.grc.nasa.gov/WWW/k-12/airplane/state.html

Classroom Video. (Producer). (1998). Gas has volume. [Web]. Retrieved from http://learn360.com/ShowVideo.aspx?pid=186110&type=Playlist&ID=148243

Damon, A. W. (Designer). (2009). Fixed and animated images of matter. [Web]. Retrieved from http://www.mr-damon.com/homework/6e/states_of_matter.html

Daniel, L., Rillero, P., Biggs, A., Feather, Jr., R. M., & Zike, D. (2009). States of Matter. Tennessee Science Grade 8 (pp. 154-166). Columbus, OH: Glencoe/McGraw-Hill.

Gibbs, Philip. (Designer). (1996). Crystalline and amorphous molecular arrangement of a solid. [Web]. Retrieved from http://math.ucr.edu/home/baez/physics/General/Glass/glass.html

Goalfinder.com. (Designer). (2007). Types of solids. [Web]. Retrieved from http://www.goalfinder.com/images/SCCPRO3/types-of-solids.jpg

references1
References

JLM Visuals, . (Photographer). (2008). Salt. [Web]. Retrieved from http://www.scienceclarified.com/images/uesc_03_img0170.jpg

Larson, A. M. (Designer). (2003). Phases of matter. [Web]. Retrieved from http://www.astro.washington.edu/users/larson/Astro150b/Lectures/Fundamentals/fundamentals.html

Mattox, Steve. (Photographer). (2006). Crystalline and amorphous solids. [Web]. Retrieved from http://volcano.oregonstate.edu/vwdocs/vwlessons/lessons/Minerals/Picture2.gif

Meyers, Jennifer. (Photographer). (2008). Marching band. [Web]. Retrieved from http://blog.syracuse.com/news/2008/09/large_090608fieldbands1JM.JPG

Noop, A. (Photographer). (2009). Marching soldiers. [Web]. Retrieved from http://www.newlaunches.com/entry_image/0709/28/Marching_soldiers.jpg

Purdue University. (Designer). (2008). Microscopic view of a gas, liquid, and sold. [Web]. Retrieved from http://www.chem.purdue.edu/gchelp/liquids/character.html

references2
References

WGBH Educational Productions. (Producer). (2004). Surface tension: making paper clips float. [Web]. Retrieved from http://www.teachersdomain.org/resource/phy03.sci.phys.matter.zclip/

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Photostory created by Tricia Swann with images from above references.