States of Matter and Particle Motion Tutorial

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# States of Matter and Particle Motion Tutorial - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

States of Matter and Particle Motion Tutorial. Tricia Swann. Curriculum Standard. This tutorial supports the following State of Tennessee 8 th grade curriculum standard: SPI 0807.9.6: Compare the particle arrangement and type of particle motion associated with different states of matter.

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Presentation Transcript
Curriculum Standard

This tutorial supports the following State ofTennessee 8th grade curriculum standard:

SPI 0807.9.6: Compare the particle arrangement and type of particle motion associated with different states of matter.

• Matter
• Particle Motion of Solids
• Particle Motion of Liquids
• Particle Motion of Gases

Matter
• Matter is anything that has mass and volume.
• There are three main types of matter. They are solid, liquid, and gas.

States of Matter
• The state of matter is determined by the movement of particles within the matter.

SolidsLiquidsGases

Matter Self Quiz

Question #1

Matter is anything that has __________ and ___________.

Matter is anything that has mass and volume.

Matter Self Quiz

Question #2

What are the 3 main types of matter?

Solids, liquids, and gases.

Matter Self Quiz

Question #3

What determines the state of matter?

The movement of particles.

Particle Motion of Solids
• There are two basic types of particle arrangement in solids. Click here to find out more.

The particles in solids don’t move much, but they do vibrate slightly.

Notice how the solid maintains its shape in the container.

Crystalline vs. Amorphous Solids

Crystalline Solids

• The particles in a crystalline solid are arranged in a repeating pattern.
• Amorphous Solids
• The particles in an amorphous solid are arranged randomly.
• To review solids, try this!
Solids Self Quiz

Question #1

How do the particles in solids move?

They don’t move much, they only vibrate slightly.

Solids Self Quiz

Question #2

True or False: If you add heat to the particles of a solid, they will move faster.

True.

Solids Self Quiz

Question #3

True or False: solids have a definite shape and volume.

True.

Solids Self Quiz

Question #4

What are the two types of solids?

Crystalline and amorphous.

Solids Self Quiz

Question #5

Which of the two types of solids have particles arranged in a set pattern?

Crystalline.

Particle Motion of Liquids

The particles in liquids slide past one another.

As you can see, a liquid will take the shape of its container.

Particle Motion of Liquids

Surface tension is the attraction of molecules to one another in a liquid.

Liquids Self Quiz

Question #1

How do the particles in liquids move?

They slide past one another.

Liquids Self Quiz

Question #2

True or False: Liquids have a definite shape and volume.

False. They have a definite volume, but they take the shape of the container they are in.

Liquids Self Quiz

Question #3

What property of a liquid allows you to drink through a straw?

Surface tension. It holds the particles together, pulling them through the straw.

Particle Motion of Gases
• Want to know how to find the volume of a gas? Check this out!

Gas particles move fast and strike one another.

Gases spread out to fill their container. What does this tell you about their shape and volume?

Volume of a Gas

The volume of a gas is found by measuring the volume of the container the gas is in.

Want to know why?

Gases Self Quiz

Question #1

How do the particles in gases move?

They move very fast and strike one another.

Gases Self Quiz

Question #2

True or False: Gases have a definite shape and volume.

False. Gases take the shape and volume of the container they are in.

Gases Self Quiz

Question #3

How do you measure the volume of a gas?

You measure the volume of the container the gas is in.

References

Benson, Tom. (Designer). (2009). Fixed and animated images of matter. [Web]. Retrieved from http://www.grc.nasa.gov/WWW/k-12/airplane/state.html

Damon, A. W. (Designer). (2009). Fixed and animated images of matter. [Web]. Retrieved from http://www.mr-damon.com/homework/6e/states_of_matter.html

Daniel, L., Rillero, P., Biggs, A., Feather, Jr., R. M., & Zike, D. (2009). States of Matter. Tennessee Science Grade 8 (pp. 154-166). Columbus, OH: Glencoe/McGraw-Hill.

Gibbs, Philip. (Designer). (1996). Crystalline and amorphous molecular arrangement of a solid. [Web]. Retrieved from http://math.ucr.edu/home/baez/physics/General/Glass/glass.html

References

Larson, A. M. (Designer). (2003). Phases of matter. [Web]. Retrieved from http://www.astro.washington.edu/users/larson/Astro150b/Lectures/Fundamentals/fundamentals.html

Mattox, Steve. (Photographer). (2006). Crystalline and amorphous solids. [Web]. Retrieved from http://volcano.oregonstate.edu/vwdocs/vwlessons/lessons/Minerals/Picture2.gif